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|標題:||Exogenous catechin increases antioxidant enzyme activity and promotes flooding tolerance in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.)||作者:||Yiu, J.C.
|Project:||Plant and Soil||期刊/報告no：:||Plant and Soil, Volume 344, Issue 1-2, Page(s) 213-225.||摘要:||
We studied the extent to which catechin applied as a soil drench modifies the effects of soil waterlogging on plant growth, the functioning of the free radical scavenging system and on oxidative stress levels. Forty-day-old tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum L.) were treated with 0 and 2 mM catechin 48 h prior to 5 d waterlogging followed by a 4 d drainage period. Exogenous catechin increased total fresh and dry weight of flooded plants, reduced membrane damage, maintained chlorophyll concentrations, promoted photosynthesis and increased ATP concentration in the leaves, and raised sucrose synthase and alcohol dehydrogenase activities in the roots. Catechin pre-treatment also reduced hydrogen peroxide and superoxide radical concentration and increased various components of the antioxidative system in leaves. Catechin treatment affected superoxide dismutase and catalase activities in close coordination with ascorbate peroxidases and glutathione reductase. Exogenous catechin can markedly reduce the waterlogging injury in leaves and roots of tomato by enhancing free radical scavenging system sufficiently to lower hydrogen peroxide and superoxide concentrations.
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