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|標題:||Production of interspecific hybrids between Sesamum alatum Thonn and Sesamum indicum L. through ovule culture and screening for phyllody disease resistance||作者:||Rajeswari, S.
|關鍵字:||Interspecific hybridization;Ovule culture;Phyllody disease;Post-zygotic barrier;Sesamum alatum;Sesamum indicum;peroxidase;introgression;tissue;plants||Project:||South African Journal of Botany||期刊/報告no：:||South African Journal of Botany, Volume 76, Issue 2, Page(s) 252-258.||摘要:||
Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an important oilseed crop grown in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Despite the nutritional value and cultural importance, the biotechnological research on sesame is very limited. In this study, we have optimized a simple and efficient protocol for producing an interspecific hybrid between Sesamum alatum and S. indicum through ovule culture. In the cross S. alatum x S. indicum, capsule retention without embryo abortion was extended up to 7 days after pollination by spraying the growth regulator mixture containing 289 mu M gibberellic acid (GA(3)), 80.6 mu M alpha-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) and 23.3 mu M kinetin. Direct organogenesis was successfully achieved when the ovules, excised from 7-day-old capsules, were cultured on MS medium containing 8.8 mu M benzylaminopurine (BAP), 2.8 mu M indole acetic acid (IAA) and 1712.3 mu M glutamine. The regenerants produced roots on half strength MS medium supplemented with 0.27 mu M NAA. Phenotypically, the S. alatum x S. indicum hybrid plants were intermediate to those of parents for majority of the traits. Cytological studies revealed normal meiosis in the hybrid without any chromosomal abnormalities. Peroxidase and esterase isozymes were demonstrated to be useful in the identification of hybrid plants. Screening against phyllody disease under greenhouse conditions revealed that the hybrids were moderately resistant. (C) 2009 SAAB. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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