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標題: 從吳爾芙的《燈塔行》看自我追尋之旅
Subject-in-process in Virginia Woolf''s To the Lighthouse
作者: 林曉芳
Lin, Xiao-fang
關鍵字: subjectivity;主體性;subject-in-process;decentering;signification;abjection;maternal discourse;androgyny;impersonality;發展中的主體;去除中心;象徵系統;賤斥;母系論述;雌雄同體;非人格性
出版社: 外國語文學系所
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維吉妮亞‧吳爾芙一生都在追尋自我。自我,對吳爾芙而言,既不可捉摸,又充滿無限可能。《燈塔行》中的女畫家莉莉‧布里斯科體現了吳爾芙對自我的探索。探索自我的最終目的,在於如何將不同的生命經驗揉合一片。藝術家莉莉的心靈之旅,以思索阮賽夫人的個人特質作為起點:在莉莉眼中,阮賽夫人象徵美、永恆與權威。在自我追尋的旅程中,莉莉不斷思索母系與父系對於個體和環境的影響力,不斷調整自己的觀察角度,期盼在茫茫人際網絡中,找到自己的位置。《燈塔行》中自我追尋的主題,和克莉絲蒂娃強調的主體性相互呼應。主體性是克莉絲蒂娃的理論核心。克莉絲蒂娃的「象徵系統」(signification) 理論架構在主體性之上,探索說話主體、語言,和環境之間的交互作用。對克莉絲蒂娃而言,主體的形成,落入了「符號驅力」(the semiotic) 和「象徵層」 (the symbolic) 兩者永不休止的辯證與循環之中。在克莉絲蒂娃的「象徵系統」(signification) 理論中,危機是必然的,因為危機開啟了主體架構的各種可能性。莉莉自我探索的過程,和克莉絲蒂娃理論中提到的「發展中的主體」 (subject-in-process) 有共通之處。表面上,阮賽夫人是莉莉的畫作主題,但事實上,探索自我才是畫作背後真正的主題。阮賽夫人的肖像可說是莉莉追尋自我的跳板。莉莉在探索的旅程中,為了要在生活中和專業領域中定義自己的存在,在精神上勢必遭逢種種危機與困境,但是生命中的困境與衝突會不斷洗牌,從中重新組合出嶄新的整體、全新的意義,然後靜待下一波轉變。

Virginia Woolf is obsessed with the concept of the self. Woolf is always struggling between the impossibility of picturing the self and the infinite possibilities of doing so. In To the Lighthouse, such an obsession of Woolf''s is materialized by Lily Briscoe in the form of quest. The quest at heart is about how to balance the opposite elements in lived experience. As an artist, Lily begins her quest for subjectivity with the contemplation on Mrs. Ramsay, who represents beauty, eternity, and authority. In the process of the quest, Lily goes through a series of negotiation between paternal and maternal influences, through which she learns how to mark a position of her own in the web of human relationships. Woolf''s concern with the self recalls Julia Kristeva''s emphasis on the subjectivity. Subjectivity is a controlling idea in Kristeva''s theories. Her signification is the theory of subjectivity, which explores the interrelation between a speaking being, language, and reality. For Kristeva, the formation of a subject is forever carried out in a never-ending dialectical oscillation between the two signifying elements: the semiotic and the symbolic. Kristeva''s theory highlights the necessity of crisis in the process of subject enunciation, for crisis opens up unlimited possibilities of looking at the self, at reality. Similarly, Lily''s search for who I am is a literary reminder of Kristeva''s concept of subject-in-process. Lily''s portrait of Mrs. Ramsay is ultimately the medium of self-fashioning, a form of self-expression. As Kristeva''s signification reminds us, Lily is bound to encounter psychological crisis in the process of asserting herself in life, in profession, but all the contradictory aspects of the lived moments would be reshuffled and organized into a new totality, waiting for the next critical moment to arise.
其他識別: U0005-2107200815360500
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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