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|標題:||Managing academic innovation in Taiwan: Towards a 'scientific-economic' framework||作者:||Chang, Y.C.
|關鍵字:||higher education institution;academic innovation;patenting and;licensing;university-industry partnership;firm incubation;university technology-transfer;bayh-dole act;intellectual property;start-ups;growth;entrepreneurship;communities;inventions;ecology;firms||Project:||Technological Forecasting and Social Change||期刊/報告no：:||Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 73, Issue 2, Page(s) 199-213.||摘要:||
Since the passage of the Science and Technology Basic Law in 1999, Taiwanese universities have taken a more "scientific-economic" approach to protect and commercialize their research. This research mainly examines innovation activities such as patenting, licensing, and incubated startups in the context of Taiwanese higher education institutions (HEIs). The "scientific-economic" framework used to analyze the strategic aspects influencing these academic innovations includes (1) intellectual property managerial capabilities, (2) the strength of external industrial partnerships, (3) the university entrepreneurial orientation, and (4) government research policy. Four hypotheses were developed. Data were collected via a questionnaire with all 122 HEIs in Taiwan surveyed. The research reveals that the aspects of intellectual property managerial capability, HEI-industry partnerships, and academic entrepreneurial orientation are useful to distinguish the university's innovation performance on patent grants, licensing incomes, and firm incubation. Also, government support on research plays a moderating role in academic innovation. Managerial and policy implications for managing innovation effectively in universities were drawn. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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