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標題: Growth and optical properties of uniform tungsten oxide nanowire bundles via a two-step heating process by thermal evaporation
作者: Hsieh, Y.T.
Huang, M.W.
Chang, C.C.
Chen, U.S.
Shih, H.C.
關鍵字: Tungsten oxide nanowires;WO3;Chemical vapor deposition;UV-visible;Optical properties;Cathodoluminescence;thin-films;photoluminescence;deposition;coatings;nanorods;pvd
Project: Thin Solid Films
期刊/報告no:: Thin Solid Films, Volume 519, Issue 5, Page(s) 1668-1672.
Tungsten oxide (WO(3)) nanowires with diameters of 15-40 nm and lengths of hundreds of nanometers were synthesized by thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD) without using any catalyst in a low-temperature zone (200-300 degrees C) of a tube furnace via a two-step heating process. The morphology, composition, and crystal structure were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Raman, ultraviolet UV-visible, and cathodoluminescence (CL) spectroscopy. XRD and TEM confirmed that the nanowires were triclinic WO(3) with growth direction along [001]. Blue emission was observed in both the UV-visible and CL spectrum, indicating that the WO(3) nanowires exhibited a red-shift at an optical absorption wavelength due to oxygen deficiencies. The crystallinity and size distribution of the nanowires influenced the bandgap. In the CL spectrum, the blue emission was at shorter wavelengths than reported previously, which can be attributed to the nanoscale size effect. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0040-6090
DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2010.08.162
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