Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7152
標題: 論複調、嘉年華小說、與對話論:一種巴克汀的閱讀
A Bakhtinian Novel Discourse on Polyphony, Carnivalesque, and Dialogism
作者: 柯雅真
Ko, Ya-Chen
關鍵字: Polyphony;複調;Carnivalesque;Dialogism;嘉年華小說;對話論
出版社: 外國語文學系所
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摘要: 
本論文的主要目的在於將巴克汀文學理論當中的小說理論、複調概念、與嘉年華精神放入對話論之中,來揭櫫其共同具備的開放性和多元意義,而這正是巴克汀對話哲學的本質與精髓。本論文共分三章。第一章闡述巴克汀對文類的觀點,特別強調小說在文學史上的意義與角色。第二章是討論杜思妥也夫斯基小說中的複調概念。第三章則說明嘉年華小說中的諧擬、諷刺、以及對話的特質。巴克汀的小說論述如何與其對話哲學相呼應將是本論文探究的要點。討論的內容,除了巴克汀的文學理論,也涵蓋其它相關論述,如亞里斯多德的詩學、當代理論家托多洛夫(Tzvetan Todorov)之對話原理、霍奎斯特(Michael Holquist)之對話理論都在探查的範圍之內,以期產生更細緻的看法。筆者認為巴克汀對小說的閱讀在當代批評理論中更能夠協助讀者重新閱讀文本,並經由新奇的閱讀經驗來成就不同於過往研究的新論述。

The purpose of this thesis is to investigate Mikhail Bakhtin's critical positions on genre and the novel, and to explore the critical approach he adopts to evaluate literary works. The thesis is composed of three chapters. Chapter One elaborates on Bakthin's views about literary genre with special emphasis on the novel. Chapter Two discusses Bakhtin's perspectives on the polyphonic effect of Dostoevskian novel. Chapter Three surveys the transportation of the spirit of carnival into the language in literature. This thesis gives weight to Bakhtin's critical positions on genre and the novel, and has worked from a slightly different angle. Ideas of genre and the novel are the crucial issue of Bakthin's literary theory, but little attention has been given to their philosophical significance. As readers, we must look more carefully so that Bakhtin's dialogic philosophy of literature can be proved. Three heads seem to be helpful in attempting to sketch out the panorama of Bakhtin's literary theory: (1) Genre and the Novel; (2) Polyphony; (3) Carnivalesque. All these things make it clear that the literary world is viewed by Bakhtin in terms of dialogue, dialogic interaction, and dialogism. It must be noted that the order is not listed according to their relative importance. Rather, it is arranged specifically to indicate their interconnection. We may, therefore, reasonably conclude that Bakhtin's critical approach to literature is very informative in reporting that there are competing instincts within a literary text; that a text can simultaneously be subversive and conservative; and that readers must acknowledge the complexity of a literary text and the complexity of its historical and cultural impact.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7152
其他識別: U0005-2708200810262800
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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