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標題: Using combined measurements for comparison of light induction of stomatal conductance, electron transport rate and CO2 fixation in woody and fern species adapted to different light regimes
作者: Wong, S.L.
Chen, C.W.
Huang, H.W.
Weng, J.H.
關鍵字: chlorophyll fluorescence;light adaptation;photoinhibition;photosynthetic induction;photosynthetic rate;tropical rain-forest;water-water cycle;chlorophyll fluorescence;photosynthetic induction;photosystem-ii;dynamic light;biochemical;limitations;field conditions;excess light;responses
Project: Tree Physiology
期刊/報告no:: Tree Physiology, Volume 32, Issue 5, Page(s) 535-544.
We aimed to understand the relation of photosynthetic rate (A) with g(s) and electron transport rate (ETR) in species of great taxonomic range and light adaptation capability during photosynthetic light induction. We studied three woody species (Alnus formosana, Ardisia crenata and Ardisia cornudentata) and four fern species (Pyrrosia lingus, Asplenium antiquum, Diplazium donianum and Archangiopteris somai) with different light adaptation capabilities. Pot-grown materials received 100 and/or 10% sunlight according to their light adaptation capabilities. At least 4 months after light acclimation, CO2 and H2O exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence were measured simultaneously by equipment in the laboratory. In plants adapted or acclimated to low light, dark-adapted leaves exposed to 500 or 2000 mu mol m(-2) s(-1) photosynthetic photon flux (PPF) for 30 min showed low gross photosynthetic rate (P-g) and short time required to reach 90% of maximum P-g (). At the initiation of illumination, two broad-leaved understory shrubs and the four ferns, especially ferns adapted to heavy shade, showed higher stomatal conductance (g(s)) than pioneer tree species; materials with higher g(s) had short T90(Pg) at both 500 and 2000 mu mol m(-2) s(-1) PPF. With 500 or 2000 mu mol m(-2) s(-1) PPF, the g(s) for the three woody species increased from 2 to 30 min after the start of illumination, but little change in the g(s) of the four ferns. Thus, P-g and g(s) were not correlated for all material measured at the same PPF and induction time. However, P-g was positively correlated with ETR, even though CO2 assimilation may be influenced by stomatal, biochemical and photoinhibitory limitations. In addition, T90(Pg) was closely related to time required to reach 90% maximal ETR for all materials and with two levels of PPF combined. Thus, ETR is a good indicator for estimating the light induction of photosynthetic rate of species, across a wide taxonomic range and light adaptation and acclimation capability.
ISSN: 0829-318X
DOI: 10.1093/treephys/tps037
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