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標題: A defective RNA associated with bamboo mosaic virus and the possible common mechanisms for RNA recombination in potexviruses
作者: Yeh, T.Y.
Lin, B.Y.
Chang, Y.C.
Hsu, Y.H.
Lin, N.S.
關鍵字: bamboo mosaic potexvirus;defective RNA;RNA combination;bean mottle bromovirus;interfering rnas;denovo generation;invivo;accumulation;nucleotide-sequence;coding capacity;satellite rna;replication;infections;protein
Project: Virus Genes
期刊/報告no:: Virus Genes, Volume 18, Issue 2, Page(s) 121-128.
A naturally occurring 1.1 kb RNA was isolated from purified virions of bamboo mosaic potexvirus isolate S (BaMV-S). This RNA is a defective RNA (D RNA) derived from a single internal deletion of the BaMV genome. A cDNA clone representing the complete nucleotide sequence of the BaMV-S D RNA was generated and its nucleotide sequence was determined. The BaMV D cDNA is 1015 nts in length [excluding the poly(A) tail] and consists of two regions corresponding to 867 nts of the 5' terminus and 148 nts of the 3' terminus of the BaMV genomic RNA. BaMV D cDNA contains a single open reading frame (ORF) encoding a putative 29.7 kDa protein comprised of a fusion of the first 258 amino acids of BaMV ORF 1 and the last 2 amino acids of coat protein. The coding capacity of D RNA was verified by in vitro translation of native BaMV-S D RNA and of 1.1 kb RNA transcribed in vitro from the full-length D cDNA. BaMV D RNA can be reproducibly generated by serial passages of BaMV-S in Nicotiana benthamiana and is the first D RNA in the potexvirus group shown to be generated de novo. Alignments of sequences surrounding the 5' and 3' junction borders of reported potexvirus D RNAs reveal a 65.2-84.6% sequence identity, suggesting that common mechanisms for viral RNA recombination are involved in the generation of potexvirus D RNAs.
ISSN: 0920-8569
DOI: 10.1023/a:1008008400653
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