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|標題:||TREE RING CHARACTERISTICS OF 30-YEAR-OLD SWIETENIA MACROPHYLLA PLANTATION TREES||作者:||Lin, C.J.
|關鍵字:||Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla);plantation;ring characteristics;ring;width;ring density;big-leaf mahogany;mechanical-properties;radial variation;wood;properties;growth;meliaceae;amazon;brazil;xylem||Project:||Wood and Fiber Science||期刊/報告no：:||Wood and Fiber Science, Volume 44, Issue 2, Page(s) 202-213.||摘要:||
Ring characteristics of mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla K.) plantation trees grown in Taiwan were explored. Significant differences in average ring width (RW) and ring density (RD) occurred among three tree-diameter classes and three radial stages of ring numbers. RW in the radial direction decreased from the pith outward to the bark and followed a distinctive three-stage variation pattern (juvenile, transition, and mature zones). RD in the radial direction increased slowly from the pith outward to the bark. Wider tree rings and lower density are associated with juvenile wood close to the pith, whereas narrower tree rings and higher density are typical for mature wood outward toward the bark. RD in overtopped trees was higher than that in dominant trees. However, RW in dominant trees was wider than that in intermediate and overtopped trees. Earlywood density, latewood density, maximum density, and minimum density were the most important factors determining overall RD. There was a weak relationship between RW and RD, indicating that it is unlikely for growth rates of mahogany plantation trees to have a significant impact on wood density.
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