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|標題:||受壓抑者的反論述：E. M. 佛斯特的《墨利斯的情人》之研究
The Counter-Discourse of the Repressed: On E. M. Forster's Maurice
|關鍵字:||Maurice;墨利斯的情人;E. M. Forster;discourse;abjection;the homosexual;佛斯特;論述;賤斥;同性戀||出版社:||外國語文學系所||引用:||Works Cited Baret-DuCrocq, Francoise. Trans. John Howe. Love in the Victoria. New York: Verso. 1991. Bray, Alan. Homosexuality in Renaissance England. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995. Bolling, Douglass. “The Distanced Heart: Artistry in E. M. Forster's Maurice.” Modern Fiction Studies 20:2 (1974): 157-63. POA. 20 Feb, 2009. <http://pao.chadwyck.co.uk.ezproxy.lib.nchu.edu.tw:2048/home.do/search>. Cavaliero, Glen. “Maurice and the Later Stories.” A Reading of E. M. Forster. London: Macmillan Press, 1979. 129-45. Colmer, John. E. M. Forster: The Personal Voice. London: Routledge & K. Paul, 1975. Cohen, Ed. “Are We (Not) What We Are Becoming? ‘Gay' ‘Identity,' ‘Gay Studies' and the Disciplining of Knowledge.” Engendering Men: The Question of Male Feminist Criticism. Ed. Joseph A. Boone and Michael Cadden. New York: Routledge, 1990. 161-75. Dowling, Linda. Hellenism and Homosexuality in Victorian Oxford. Ithaca: Cornell University Press,1994. 1-31. Fletcher, John. “Forster's Self-erasure: Maurice and the Secret of Masculine Love.” Ed. Joseph Bristow. Sexual Sameness: Textual Difference in Lesbian and Gay Writing. NY: Routledge, 1992. 64-90. Forster, E. M. Maurice. London: Penguin, 2002. Foucault, Michel. History of Sexuality: An Introduction, Volume I. 1976. Trans. Robert Hurley. New York: Vintage, 1990. - - -. The Archaeology of Knowledge and the Discourse on Language. 1972. Trans. A. M. Sheridan Smith. New York: Pantheon, 1982. Freud, Sigmund. “Prevention of Inversion.” The Essentials of Psycho-analysis. London: Penguin, 1986. Greenberg, David F. and Marcia H. Bystryn. “Capitalism, Bureaucracy, and Male Homosexuality.” Ed. Steven Seidman. Queer Theory/ Sociology. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd., 1996. 83-110. Hammond, Paul. Love Between Men in English Literature. London: Macmillan Press Ltd, 1996. Harned, Jon. “Becoming Gay in E. M. Forster''s Maurice.” Papers on Language and Literature 29 (1993): 49-66. EBSCOHOST. 30 Mar, 2009. <http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mzh&AN=1993066419&lang=zh-tw&site=ehost-live>. Halperin, M. David. One Hundred Years of Homosexuality. New York: Routledge, 1990. Kristeva, Julia. Powers of Horrow: An Essay on Abjection. NY: Columbia University Press, 1982. King, Francis. E.M. Forster. London: Thames & Hudson, 1978. Kuefler Mathew. The Boswell Thesis:Essays on Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality. Chicago: UP of Chicago, 2006. Martin, Pobert K. and George Piggford. Queer Forster. Chiago: The University of Chicago Press, 1997. 1-28. Martin, John Sayre. E. M. Forster: The Endless Journey. London: Cambridge University Press, 1977. 128-42. Page, Norman. “Minor Fiction: Maurice and the Short Stories.” E. M. Forster. London: Macmillian, 1987. 117-24. Robb, Graham. Strangers: Homosexual Love in the Nineteenth Century. NY: W. W. Norton & Company Inc, 2004. Reeds, John R. “The Public School in Victorian Literature.” Nineteenth-Century Fiction 29 (1974): 58-76. JSTOR. 6 Mar., 2009. <http://www.jstor.org/search> Stephen, Da Silva. “Transvaluing Immaturity: Reverse Discourses of Male Homosexuality in E. M. Forster's Posthumously Published Fiction.” 30 Mar., 2009. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2220/is_n2_v40/ai_20992277/pg_16 Shusterman, David. The Quest for Certitude in E. M. Forster's Fiction. NY: Haskell House, 1973. The New English Bible. NY: Oxford University Press, 1972.||摘要:||
In Maurice, E. M. Forster highlights homosexuality as an oppressed discourse in the context of the late Victorian and early modern English society. In contrast, heterosexuality was the prevalent and dominant discourse that ideologically positioned people in place. The society, therefore, endeavored to drive out the dissenter's same-sex desire so as to constantly affirm the heterosexual's position. However, the dispelling has never been successful in that the legitimate scoiety always unconsciously needs an abject, to borrow Julia Kristeva's term, to remind itself of the position it is at. Analogically, homosexuality was the abjection in the awareness of the homosexual. And it is in this situation that Forster appealed to the writing of Maurice to both pinpoint the liminal position at which the homosexual occupied and use this novel as an intermediary to articulate his long-term repressed homoeroticism. The novel became an irritant to the contemporary society as it was published posthumously. In short, Maurice was an abject due to the forbidden topic, in which, Maurice, the mouthpiece of Forster, has finally found his psoition with his lover. Although this imaginary peacefulness was possible in the work of art, Maurice has remained Forster's reminder of a time when homophobia had made him and the protagonist and many others suffer unspeakably from their private “illegitimate” desire. Apparently, Foucault's idea of power is involved. In Maurice, Forster approaches homosexuality as a taboo, and defends it at the same time. Therefore, in this thesis, I will use Julia Kristeva's well-known idea of abjection and Michael Foucault's notion of power and discourse to shed light on the Victorian society's internalization and naturalization of expelling the homosexual, and to argue that in Maurice, the protagonist Maurice, and Forster have made their abjection power visibly acceptable through invariable efforts.
|Appears in Collections:||外國語文學系所|
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