Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7176
標題: 性別困擾: 娥蘇拉.勒瑰恩《黑暗的左手》中異性戀與同性戀的反轉
Gender Trouble: Reversal of Heterosexuality into Homosexuality in Ursula K. Le Guin's Left Hand of Darkness
作者: 蔡振南
Tsai, Chen-Nan
關鍵字: gender;性別
出版社: 外國語文學系所
引用: Anderson, Benedict. Imagined communities: Reflection on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso, 1991. Bain, Dena C. “The Tao Te Ching as Background to the Novels of Ursula K. Le Guin.” Modern Critical Views: Ursula K. Le Guin. Ed. Harold Bloom. N Y: Chelsea House, 1986. 211-24. Barbour, Douglas. “Wholeness and Balance.” Modern Critical Views: Ursula K. Le Guin. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House, 1986. 23-33. Bech, Henning. When Men Meet: Homosexuality and Modernity. Trans. Teresa Mesquit and Tim Davies. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1997 Brown, Barbara. “The Left Hand of Darkness: Androgyny, Future, Present, and Past.” Modern Critical Interpretations: Left Hand of Darkness. Ed. Harold Bloom. N Y: Chelsea House, 1987. 91-99. Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and Subversion of Identity. London: Routledge, 1990. Butler, Judith. Inside/Out: Lesbian Theories, Gay Theories. Ed. Diana Fuss. New York: Routledge, 1991. Chatterjee, Partha. Nationalist Thought and the Colonial World: A Derivative Discourse. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1986. Fanon, Frantz. “National Culture.” Trans. Constance Farrington. The Post-Colonial Studies Reader. Ed. Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen Tiffin. N Y: Routledge, 1995. Fayad, Mona. “Aliens, Androgynes, and Anthropology: Le Guin's Critique of Representation in The Left Hand of Darkness.” Mosaic 30.3 (1997): 59-72. Foucault, Michel. Abnormal: Literatures at the College De France. Ed. Arnald I. Davidson. Trans. Graham Gurchell. N Y: Picador, 2003. ---. Discipline and Punish. Trans. Alan Sheridan. N Y: Vintage Books, 1977. ---. Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and other Writtings 1972-1977. Ed. Colin Gordon. Trans. Colin Gordon, Leo Marshall, John Mepham, and Kae Soper. N Y: Pantheon Books, 1980. Haraway, Donna J. Simians, Cyborgs, and Women : Reinvention of Nature. N Y: Routledge, 1991. Irigaray, Luce.“The Question of the Other.”Trans. Noah Guynn. Another Look, Another Woman: Retranslations of French Feminism. Yale French Studies 87(1995): 7-19. ---. This Sex which is not One. Trans. Catherine Porter and Carolyn Burke. Ithaca, NY : Cornell University Press, 1985. Jagose, Annamarie. Queer Theory: An Introduction. N Y: Melbourne UP, 1996. Jameson, Fredric. “World-Reductionin Le Guin: The Emergence of Utopian Narrative.” Ursula K. Le Guin's The Left Hand of Darkness. Ed. Harold Bloom. N Y: Chelsea House Publisher, 1987. 23-38. Lacan, Jaques.“The Line and Light.”The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho-analysis. Trans. Jacque-Alain Miller. London: Penguine Press, 1986. Le Guin, Ursula K. The Left Hand of Darkness. London: Virago, 1999. ---. “ Is Gender Necessary? Redux.” Introduction. The Left Hand of Darkness. N Y: Ace, 1966. vi. Lévi-Strauss, Claude. The Elementary Structures of Kinship. Trans. James Harle Bell and John Richard von Sturmer. Ed. Rodney Needham. Boston: Beacon Press, 1969. Pennington, John. “Exorcising Gender: Resisting Readers in Ursula K. Le Guin's Left Hand of Darkness.” Extrapolation 41.4 (2000): 350-58. Rabkin, Eric S. “Determinism, Free Will, and Point of View in Le Guin's The Left Hand of Darkness.” Modern Critical Interpretations: Left Hand of Darkness. Ed. Harold Bloom. N Y: Chelsea House, 1987. 75-90. Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. Epistemology of the Closet. U of California P: Berkeley, 1990. Stein, Edward. “Conclusion: The Essentials of Constructionism and the Construction of Essentialism.” Forms of Desire. N Y: Routledge, 1992. Walker, Jeanne Murray. “Myth, Exchange and History in The Left Hand of Darkness.” Modern Critical Interpretations: Left Hand of Darkness. Ed. Harold Bloom. N Y: Chelsea House, 1987. 63-73. Wittig, Monique. The Straight Mind and Other Essays. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992.
摘要: 
本文以娥蘇拉‧勒瑰恩的小說《黑暗的左手》為文本,探討外於異性戀架構下的“男”與“女”的其它“性別”可能性,經由異性戀的性別基準與同性戀的性別異常之反置,反駁“男”在父權體制下的正當性,並以書中直男與雌雄同體的邂逅,進一步產生同性戀與異性戀兩種性別體制的對立,此對立所產生的衝突揭穿了異性戀性別模式的建構,並使其在父權體制中的正統與理所當然性重新被檢視。經由書中同性戀與異性戀的反轉中,得以重現“性別”多變且尚未被異性戀架構所固定的原來面貌,也就是所謂的“無性”。

Based on Ursual K. Le Guin's The Left Hand of Darkness, this thesis explores the potentiality of “gender” other than the heterosexual “man” and “woman”. With the reversal of the heterosexual norm into the homosexuality-like perversion, the novel contradicts “man” orthodoxy in patriarchy. And with the further encounter of a straight man and an androgyne, it produces the potential homosexual relationship which counters heterosexual gender modes. The gender conflicts resulting from the encounter thus reveal the artificial construction of heterosexual gender mode and disable the naturalization and orthodox of “man” in patriarchy. Through the reversal, gender which is fixed in the mode of heterosexuality is thus loosened and displays its diversity, or non-gender.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7176
其他識別: U0005-1205200910215600
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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