Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7183
標題: 串並聯電池組之平衡充放電管理
Balancing Charge/Discharge Management for Series/Parallel Battery Packs
作者: 吳鎮亞
Wu, Jen-Ya
關鍵字: Series connected battery;串聯電池;Parallel connected battery;Battery management;並聯電池;串並聯電池;電池管理
出版社: 電機工程學系所
引用: References [1]Y. S. Lee and M. W. Cheng, “Intelligent control battery equalization for series connected lithium–ion battery strings,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 1297–1307, Kaohsiung, Oct. 2005. [2]Y. S. Lee and G. T. Cheng, “Quasi-Resonant Zero-Current-Switching Bidirectional Converter for Battery Equalization Applications,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 1213-1224, 2006. [3]C. H. Kim, Y. D. Kim, G. W. Moon and H. S. Park, “Individual cell voltage equalizer using selective two current paths for series connected li-ion battery strings,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, pp. 1812 – 1817, 2009. [4]H. S. Kim, K. B. Park, S. H. Park, G. W. Moon and M. J. Youn, “A new two-switch flyback battery equalizer with low voltage stress on the switches,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, pp. 511 – 516, 2009. [5]A. C. Baughman and M. Ferdowsi, “Double-tiered switched capacitor battery charge equalization technique,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 2277–2285, Jun. 2008. [6]Y. C. Hsieh, C. S. Moo, and W. Y. Ou-Yang, “A bi-directional charge equalization circuit for series-connected batteries,” IEEE International Conference on Power Electronics and Drives Systems, pp. 1578-1583, Nov.-Dec. 2005. [7]C. S. Moo, K. S. Ng and J. S. Hu, “Operation of battery power modules with series output,” IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, pp. 1 – 6, 2009. [8]N. H. Kutkut, H. L. N. Wiegman, D. M. Divan, D. W. Novotny, “Design considerations for charge equalization of an electric vehicle battery system,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 35, pp. 28-35, Jan/Feb. 1999. [9]W. Hong, K. S. Ng, J. H. Hu and C. S. Moo, “Charge equalization of battery power modules in series,” IEEE International Power Electronics Conference (IPEC), pp. 1568-1572, 2010. [10]劉彥余,“最佳化鋰電池充電法則研究與充電電路之實現,”國立台灣科技大學電子工程系,民國九十七年一月。 [11]凃弘恩,“熱離化輔助濺鍍磷酸鋰鐵做為薄膜電池正極材料之研究,”逢甲大學材料科學與工程學系,民國九十六年六月。 [12]K. S. Ng, C. S. Moo, Y. C. Lin and Y. C. Hsieh, “Investigation on intermittent discharging for lead-acid batteries,” IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference, pp. 4683 – 4688, 2008. [13]王起鑫,“電動機車之鋰電池充電器開發製作,” 國立虎尾科技大學電機工程系,民國九十九年七月。 [14]Y. S. Chu, R.Y. Chen, T. J. Liang, S. K. Changchien and J. F. Chen, “Positive/Negative Pulse Battery Charger with Energy Feedback and Power Factor Correction,” Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, vol. 2, pp. 986-990, 2005. [15]W. S. Jwo, W. L. Chien, “Design and Implementation of a Charge Equalization Using Positive/Negative Pulse Charger,” IEEE Industry Applications Conference, pp. 1076-1081, 2007. [16]昇陽國際半導體, “40138F1 General Specification,” http://mvp090.104web.com.tw/cetacean/front/bin/ptdetail.phtml?Part=e40138f1。 [17]Muhammad H. Rashid, “Power Electronics Circuits Devices, and Applications Third Edition,” Pearson Prentice Hall, 2004.
摘要: 
近年來由於電動車越來越盛行,使得電池管理系統的議題更被重視,然而,對於一個理想的電池管理系統,應具有極高的安全性及較長的電池使用壽命。本研究所開發之電池管理系統具備平衡電量以及隔離保護之功能,並且能廣義地應用在任意串並聯電池組合上,即使在眾多顆電池進行充放電時,也可安全且有效的管理各個電池。
本系統分為放電模式及充電模式,在放電模式時,本研究提出平衡放電方法及預估電池之最小供電數,電池放電期間不僅能達到平衡放電之功能,也可滿足輸出所需之功率。執行充電模式時,本系統能依據各個電池狀態去個別地調整充電電流,並且有效地充飽各個電池之電量。此外,本系統附加保護電池功能,當電池超出操作範圍時能立即將電池隔離,避免電池損壞。最後,呈現放電與充電的實驗結果,並且證說明本電路的確具有平衡電量之功能。

Electric vehicles (EVs) have attracted wide attentions in recent years. The battery management system of EVs has been becoming an important theme in the past decade of research. To construct an ideal battery management system which possesses high security and is able to extend battery lifecycle, we investigate a battery management system contributes the capacity equalization and isolation protection. This system can be used in arbitrary series-parallel connected battery packs, and effectively manages all batteries either work in the charging or discharging mode.
We have designed a battery management system with charge mode and discharge mode. For the discharge mode, we have developed a new method of battery capacity equalization, and determine the minimum number of battery for equalization. This system not only reaches balancing discharge, but also meets requirement of output power. For the charge mode, this system can individually adjust the charge current according to the battery energy storage status for a charge equalization. Furthermore, the battery can be immediately isolated while it is not within the operational range of safety. Simulated and experimental results have successfully demonstrated that our proposed designs are functional and practicable.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7183
其他識別: U0005-2807201114105600
Appears in Collections:電機工程學系所

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