Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7205
標題: 論湯瑪斯.哈代《嘉德橋市長》與《無名裘德》中的嘉年華概念
The Idea of Carnival in Thomas Hardy's The Mayor of Casterbridge and Jude the Obscure
作者: 董馨文
Tung, Hsing-wen
關鍵字: Bakhtin;巴赫汀;heteroglossia;the polyphonic novel;carnival;Hardy;The Mayor of Casterbridge;Jude the Obscure;眾聲喧嘩;複調小說;嘉年華;哈代;嘉德橋市長;無名裘德
出版社: 外國語文學系所
引用: Abrams, M. H., gen. ed. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. 7th ed. Vol. 2. New York: Norton, 2000. Altick, Richard D. Victorian People and Ideas: A Companion for the Modern Reader of Victorian Literature. New York: Norton, 1973. Bakhtin, Mikhail Mikha&icirc;lovich. The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays. Ed. Michael Holquist. Trans. Caryl Emerson and Michael Holquist. Austin: U of Texas P, 1983. ---. Problems of Dostoevsky's Poetics. Ed. and trans. Caryl Emerson. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1994. ---. Rabelais and His World. Trans. Helene Iswolsky. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1984. Bloom, Harold, ed. Introduction. Thomas Hardy's The Mayor of Casterbridge. New York: Chelsea, 1988. 1-9. Cixous, H&eacute;l&egrave;ne, and Catherine Cl&eacute;ment. The Newly Born Woman. Trans. Betsy Wing. Eds. Wlad Godzich and Jochen Schulte-Sasse. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1986. Clark, Katerina, and Michael Holquist. Mikhail Bakhtin. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard UP, 1984. Day, Martin S. History of English Literature: 1837 to the Present. Taiwan: Bookman, 2004. Dentith, Simon. Bakhtinian Thought: An Introductory Reader. Rick Rylance, gen. ed. London: Routledge, 1995. Eagleton, Terry. “The Limits of Art.” Thomas Hardy's Jude the Obscure. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, 1987. 61-71. Geuss, Raymond. The Idea of a Critical Theory: Habermas and the Frankfurt School. Eds. Alan Montefiore and Hid&eacute; Ishiguro. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1988. Gibson, James. Thomas Hardy: A Literary Life. Richard Dutton, gen. ed. Houndmills: Macmillan, 1996. Gregor, Ian. “A Man and His History.” Thomas Hardy's The Mayor of Casterbridge. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, 1988. 33-52. Habermas, J&uuml;rgen. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. Trans. Thomas Burger and Frederick Lawrence. Thomas McCarthy, gen. ed. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1994. ---. “Towards a Theory of Communicative Competence.” Perspectives on Philosophy of Science in Nursing: An Historical and Contemporary Anthology. By E. Carol Polifroni and Marylouise Welch. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1999. 360-70. Hamilton, Edith. Mythology: Timeless Tales of Gods and Heroes. New York: Warner, 1999. Hardy, Thomas. Jude the Obscure: An Authoritative Text, Backgrounds and Contexts, Criticism. Ed. Norman Page. 2nd ed. New York: Norton, 1999. ---. The Mayor of Casterbridge. Ed. Dale Kramer. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1998. Holquist, Michael. Prologue. Rabelais and His World. By Mikhail Mikha&icirc;lovich Bakhtin. Trans. Helene Iswolsky. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1984. xiii-xxiii. Hornback, Bert G. “The Metaphor of Chance: The Mayor of Casterbridge.” Thomas Hardy's The Mayor of Casterbridge. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, 1988. 11-32. Ingham, Patricia. “Jude the Obscure.” Jude the Obscure: Thomas Hardy. Ed. Penny Boumelha. Houndmills: Macmillan, 2000. 20-31. ---. Thomas Hardy. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1989. Irigaray, Luce. The Sex Which Is Not One. Trans. Catherine Porter and Carolyn Burke. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1985. Kramer, Dale, ed. The Mayor of Casterbridge. By Thomas Hardy. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1998. Leitch, Vincent B., gen. ed. The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism. New York: Norton, 2001. McKee, Alan. The Public Sphere: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2005. Morgan, Rosemarie. Introduction. Women and Sexuality in the Novels of Thomas Hardy. By Morgan. London: Routledge, 1991. ix-xvii. Page, Norman, ed. Jude the Obscure: An Authoritative Text, Backgrounds and Contexts, Criticism. By Thomas Hardy. 2nd ed. New York: Norton, 1999. ---. “Vision and Blindness.” Thomas Hardy's Jude the Obscure. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, 1987. 73-80. Patmore, Coventry [Kersey] [Dighton]. Poems. London: George Bell, 1906. Literature Online. 1992. 6 May 2009 <http:// lion.chadwyck.co.uk.ezproxy.lib.nchu.edu.tw:2048/>. Sald&iacute;var, Ram&oacute;n. “Jude the Obscure: Reading and the Spirit of the Law.” Thomas Hardy's Jude the Obscure. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, 1987. 103-18. Showalter, Elaine. “The Unmanning of the Mayor of Casterbridge.” Thomas Hardy's The Mayor of Casterbridge. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, 1988. 53-68. Williams, Merryn. A Preface to Hardy. Maurice Hussey, gen. ed. 2nd ed. London: Longman, 1993. Wordsworth, William. Preface. Lyrical Ballads with Pastoral and Other Poems. By Wordsworth. Ed. Michael Mason. London: Longman, 1992. 55-87.
摘要: 
本論文旨在引用巴赫汀的嘉年華理論來探討湯瑪斯.哈代《嘉德橋市長》與《無名裘德》中的嘉年華概念,以闡述哈代如何批判英國維多利亞時期社會不平等的現象與嘲諷官方的宰制和規範。在第一章中,首先我將簡介俄國著名學者巴赫汀的生平;接著,我將分別介紹其深具影響力的三大理論:眾聲喧嘩、小說理論、以及嘉年華會,並點出三者之間的共同特點在於具有嘲諷的力量以及對自由和平等的頌揚。在第二章中,我將應用巴赫汀的嘉年華理論來重新詮釋哈代的《嘉德橋市長》,並分析呈現於小說中的嘉年華意象與概念,包含公共空間、酒神的意象與酒的意義、宴會意象、惡棍角色……等。而在第三章中,我再次依據嘉年華理論來探討哈代的另一部小說《無名裘德》,以闡明哈代如何藉由嘉年華的力量來抨擊長存於維多利亞社會中的階級制度與諷刺加諸於工人階級和女性身上嚴謹的道德規範。最後,在結論部分我將比較《嘉德橋市長》與《無名裘德》兩部作品之間的相似性,並重申此兩本小說與巴赫汀嘉年華概念的關聯性。藉由將獨特的嘉年華狂歡精神融入此兩本著名小說中,哈代展現出一種無拘束的非官方生活方式,並賦予書中主角,不論男女,一種不同於維多利亞時期之嚴謹壓抑官方生活的新展望。

This thesis aims to explore the idea of carnival in Thomas Hardy's The Mayor of Casterbridge and Jude the Obscure by adopting Mikhail M. Bakhtin's theory of carnival to elaborate how Hardy criticizes the social inequality and mocks the official constraints and rules in the Victorian Age. In Chapter One, first of all, I will make a brief introduction of the life of Bakhtin. Then, I will respectively introduce his three influential theories of heteroglossia, the novel, and carnival and point out their common trait, that is, the power of mockery and the celebration of liberty, freedom, and equality. In Chapter Two, I will employ Bakhtin's theory of carnival to reinterpret Hardy's The Mayor of Casterbridge and to analyze various carnival images and notions, such as the concept of the public sphere, the image and meaning of Dionysus and wine, the image of the banquet, the role of the rogue, and so on, in this novel. In Chapter Three, I will study Hardy's another novel, Jude the Obscure, based on the theory of carnival once again to expound how he uses the idea of carnival to present his frank attack on the long-standing class system and tease the stern Victorian moral standards imposed on the working class and women. In conclusion, I will compare the similarity between The Mayor of Casterbridge and Jude the Obscure and re-demonstrate the relationships between Hardy's novels and Bakhtin's carnival idea. By incorporating the distinctive carnival spirit into these two-well-known novels, Hardy reveals an unrestrained unofficial life and gives his protagonist, male or female, a new perspective other than the rigid and authoritative Victorian one.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7205
其他識別: U0005-2407200909094700
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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