Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
標題: 論石黑一雄《未得安撫者》中之記憶問題
The Problems of Memory in Kazuo Ishiguro''s The Unconsoled
作者: 林晶晶
Lim, Jin-jin
關鍵字: Ishiguro, Kazuo;石黑一雄;memory;modernization;forgetfulness;記憶;現代化;遺忘
出版社: 外國語文學系所
引用: Adelman, Gary. “Doubles on the Rocks: Ishiguro's The Unconsoled.” Critique 42.2 (2001): 166-79. Benjamin, Walter. “On Some Motifs in Baudelaire.” Illuminations. Ed. Hannah Arendt. New York: Schocken Books, 1986. 155-200. Blanchot, Maurice. The Writing of the Disaster. Trans. Ann Smock. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1986. Brooks, Peter. Body Work: Objects of Desire in Modern Narrative. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1993. Calvino, Italo. Six Memos for the Next Millennium. Trans. Patrick Creagh. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1988. Casey, Edward S. Remembering: A Phenomenological Study. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1987. Chaudhuri, Simon. “Unlike Kafka.” London Review of Books 8 June 1995: 30-31. Childs, Peter. Contemporary Novelists: British Fiction since 1970. New York: Palgrave, 2005: 123-40. Davis, Rocio G. “Imaginary Homelands Revisited in the Novels of Kazuo Ishiguro.” Miscelanea: A Journal of English and American Studies 15 (1994): 139-54. Francois, Pierre. “The Spectral Return of Depths in Kazuo Ishiguro's The Unconsoled.” Commonwealth 26.2 (2004): 77-90. Freud, Sigmund. “Screen Memories.” The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Ed. James Strachey. Vol. 3. London: Hogarth, 1991. 14 vols. 301-22. Gillis, John R., ed. Commemorations: The Politics of National Identity. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1994. Granier, Jean. “Nietzsche's Conception of Chaos.” The New Nietzsche: Contemporary Styles of Interpretation. Ed. David B. Allison. New York: Dell Pub. Co., 1985. 135-41. ---. “Perspectivism and Interpretation.” The New Nietzsche: Contemporary Styles of Interpretation. Ed. David B. Allison. New York: Dell Pub. Co., 1985. 190-99. Gray, Paul. “Bad Dream: After The Remains of the Day, A Weird Non Sequitur.” Time 2 Oct. 1995: 81-82. Henke, Christoph. “Remembering Selves, Constructing Selves: Memory and Identity in Contemporary British Fiction.” Journal for the Study of British Cultures 10.1 (2003): 77-100. Innes, Charlotte. “Dr. Faustus Faces the Music.” Nation 6 Dec. 1995: 546-48. Ishiguro, Kazuo. An Artist of the Floating World. New York: Vintage, 1989. ---. Never Let Me Go. New York: Vintage, 2006. ---. A Pale View of Hills. London: Faber, 2005. ---. The Remains of the Day. London: Faber, 2005. ---. The Unconsoled. London: Faber, 2005. ---. When We Were Orphans. London: Faber, 2001. Iyer, Pico. “The Butler Didn't Do It, Again.” Times Literary Supplement 28 Apr. 1995: 22. ---. “Waiting upon History.” Partisan Review 58.3 (1991): 585-89. Jaggi, Maya. “Dreams of Freedom.” Guardian 29 Apr. 1995: 28. ---. “Kazuo Ishiguro Talks to Maya Jaggi.” Wasafiri 22 (1995): 20-24. Kauffmann, Stanley. “The Floating World.” New Republic 6 Nov. 1995: 42-45. Kaveney, Roz. “Tossed and Turned.” New Statesman and Society 12 May 1995: 39. Krider, Dylan Otto. “Rooted in a Small Space: An Interview with Kazuo Ishiguro.” Kenyon Review 20 (1998): 146-54. Kundera, Milan. The Art of the Novel. London: Faber and Faber, 1990. ---. The Unbearable Lightness of Being. London: Faber and Faber, 1999. Lewis, Barry. Kazuo Ishiguro. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2000. Luo, Shao-Pin. “‘Living the Wrong Life': Kazuo Ishiguro's Unconsoled Orphans.” Dalhousie Review 83.1 (2003): 51-80. Mackenzie, Susie. “Into the Real World.” Guardian 15 May 1996: 12. ---. “Between Two Worlds.” Guardian Weekend 25 Mar. 2000: 10+. Mason, Gregory. “An Interview with Kazuo Ishiguro.” Contemporary Literature 30.3 (1989): 335-47. Mead, Emily. “Future Present.” Publisher's Weekly 31 Jan. 2005: 47. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Chung Hsing U Lib., Taichung, Taiwan. 14 May 2008 <>. Morris-Suzuki, Tessa. The Past within Us: Media, Memory, History. London: Verso, 2005. Murray, Penelope. “Bodies in Flux: Ovid's Metamorphosis.” Changing Bodies, Changing Meanings. Ed. Dominic Montserrat. London: Routledge, 1998. 80-96. Nietzsche, Friedrich. “‘Guilt,' ‘Bad Conscience,' and the Like.” Trans. Walter Kaufmann and RJ Hollingdate. On the Genealogy of Morals and Ecce Homo. Ed. Walter Kaufmann. New York: Vintage, 1989. 57-96. ---. The Use and Abuse of History. Trans. Adrian Collins. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1957. Oe, Kenzaburo, Kazuo Ishiguro. “The Novelist in Today's World: A Conversation.” Boundary 2 18 (1991): 109-22. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Chung Hsing U Lib., Taichung, Taiwan. 14 May 2008 <>. Plato. The Collected Dialogues of Plato. Eds. Edith Hamilton and Huntington Cairns. Princeton: Princeton UP (1961). Ramadanovic, Petar. Forgetting Futures: On Memory, Trauma, and Identity. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2001. Reitano, Natalie. “The Good Wound: Memory and Community in The Unconsoled.” Texas Studies in Literature and Language 49.4 (2007): 361-86. Robbins, Bruce. “Very Busy Just Now: Globalization and Harriedness in Ishiguro's The Unconsoled.” Comparative Literature 53.4 (2001): 426-41. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Chung Hsing U Lib., Taichung, Taiwan. 21 Mar. 2008 <>. Robinson, Richard. “Nowhere, in Particular: Kazuo Ishiguro's The Unconsoled and Central Europe.” Critical Quarterly 48.4 (2006): 107-30. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Chung Hsing U Lib., Taichung, Taiwan. 14 Apr. 2008 <>. Rorem, Ned. “Fiction in Review.” Yale Review 84.2 (1996): 154-59. Rose, Steven. The Making of Memory. The Anatomy of Memory. Ed. James McConkey. New York: Oxford UP, 1996: 55-59. Rubin, Merle. “Probing the plight of Lives ‘Trapped' in Others' Expectations.” Christian Science Monitor 6-12 Oct. 1995: 14. Rushdie, Salman. Imaginary Homelands: Essays and Criticism 1981-1991. London: Granta Books, 1991. Scanlan, Margaret. “Mistaken Identities: First-Person Narration in Kazuo Ishiguro.” Journal of Narrative and Life History 3 (1993): 139-54. Scarry, Elaine. The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World. New York: Oxford UP, 1985: 27-59. Shaffer, Brian W. “An Interview with Kazuo Ishiguro.” Contemporary Literature 42.1 (2001): 1-14. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Chung Hsing U Lib., Taichung, Taiwan. 14 May 2008 <>. ---. Understanding Kazuo Ishiguro. Columbia: U of South Carolina Press, 1998: 90-122. Shone, Tom. “Chaos Theory.” Harper's Bazaar 1 Oct. 1995: 132. Sim, Wai-Chew. Globalization and Dislocation in the Novels of Kazuo Ishiguro. New York: Edwin Mellen P, 2006. Simon, Linda. “Remains of the Novelist.” Commonweal 22 Mar. 1996: 25-26. Spence, Donald P. Narrative Truth and Historical Truth: Meaning and Interpretation Psychoanalysis. New York: W. W. Norton, 1982. Steinberg, Sybil. “A Book about Our World.” Publisher's Weekly 18 Sep. 1995: 105-6. Strupp, Hans H. An Introduction to Freud and Modern Psychoanalysis. New York: Barron's Educational Series, 1967. Sweet, Nick. “Kafka set to Music.” Contemporary Review Oct. 1995: 223-24. Terdiman, Richard. Present Past: Modernity and the Memory Crisis. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1993. Villar Flor, Carlos. “Unreliable Selves in an Unreliable World: The Multiple Projections of the Hero in Kazuo Ishiguro's The Unconsoled.” Journal of English Studies II (2000): 159-69. Vorda, Allan, and Kim Herzinger. “Stuck on the Margins: An Interview with Kazuo Ishiguro.” Face to Face: Interviews with Contemporary Novelists. Ed. Allan Vorda. Houston: Rice UP (1993): 1-35. Wilhelmus, Tom. “Between Cultures.” Hudson Review 49.2 (1996): 316-22. Wong, Cynthia F. Kazuo Ishiguro. Tavistock: Northcote House, 2000. ---. “Like Idealism is to the Intellect: An Interview with Kazuo Ishiguro.” CLIO 30.3 (2001): 309-25. Wood, James. “Ishiguro in the Underworld.” Guardian 5 May 1995: 5. ---. “The Unconsoled.” New Republic 16 Oct. 2000: 43+. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Chung Hsing U Lib., Taichung, Taiwan. 21 Mar. 2008 <>. Wood, Michael. “Sleepless Nights.” New York Reviews of Books 21 Dec. 1995: 17-18. Yates, Francis A. The Art of Memory. London: Routledge, 1999. Zimmerman, Michael E. Heidegger's Confrontation with Modernity: Technology, Politics, Art. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1990.
在第四本小說《未得安撫者》裡,石黑一雄(Kazuo Ishiguro)捨棄了他在首三本小說所用的現實主義手法,運用了夢景(dreamscape)來呈現Ryder的過去。夢和記憶的結合,排除讀者想以單一觀點來解讀有關於小說中記憶的可能性。事實上,它反而提供給讀者更大的解讀空間。此論文所關心和探討的主題有三點,分別闡述在三個章節裡。第一章在於檢視記憶的不可靠性以及記憶跟個人觀點之間的關係,以顯示,在Ryder記憶裡的過去並非全然是他曾經歷的過去;他的觀點決定了記憶的樣貌。第二章在於討論現代化所引起的記憶問題。此章節將引用黑德格(Martin Heidegger)和班雅民(Walter Benjamin)對現代科技或記憶的看法,以闡明現代化如何形塑人們的經歷、萎縮人們的記憶。第三章在於探討遺忘所扮演的角色,以呈現Ryder記憶不平衡的狀態以及追憶和遺忘之間平衡的重要性。通過檢視小說人物的記憶和經歷,本論文將探究《未得安撫者》所提出的記憶問題,以揭示Ryder如何錯誤地讓他的過去影響和破壞他的現在。

The Unconsoled, Kazuo Ishiguro's fourth novel, departs from the realistic representation that characterizes the narrative of memory in Ishiguro's first three novels. In The Unconsoled, Ishiguro uses dreamscape to conjure Ryder's past. The interaction between dream and memory undermines the possibility of understanding the working of memory from a single viewpoint. In fact, this interaction invites a diversity of interpretation. With all the possibilities it raises, this thesis concerns with three topics about memory, which are elaborated in three chapters. Chapter One examines the unreliability of memory and its interaction with one's perspective. It manifests the fact that Ryder's past is not the past he has experienced, but a past subjected to his interpretation. Chapter Two focuses on the interplay of modernization and memory. It employs Martin Heidegger's and Walter Benjamin's perception of modern technology or modernization to illustrate how modernization shapes modern person's experience and atrophies memory. Chapter Three explores the roles forgetfulness plays in The Unconsoled, manifesting the imbalance of Ryder's memory and the importance to strike a balance between remembrance and forgetfulness. Through examining the characters' memory and experiences, this thesis probes the problems of memory posed by The Unconsoled in order to reveal how misguided Ryder is to let his past exert its influence on his adulthood and ruin his life.
其他識別: U0005-2508200902452100
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

Show full item record

Google ScholarTM


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.