Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7208
標題: 論石黑一雄《未得安撫者》中之記憶問題
The Problems of Memory in Kazuo Ishiguro''s The Unconsoled
作者: 林晶晶
Lim, Jin-jin
關鍵字: Ishiguro, Kazuo;石黑一雄;memory;modernization;forgetfulness;記憶;現代化;遺忘
出版社: 外國語文學系所
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摘要: 
在第四本小說《未得安撫者》裡,石黑一雄(Kazuo Ishiguro)捨棄了他在首三本小說所用的現實主義手法,運用了夢景(dreamscape)來呈現Ryder的過去。夢和記憶的結合,排除讀者想以單一觀點來解讀有關於小說中記憶的可能性。事實上,它反而提供給讀者更大的解讀空間。此論文所關心和探討的主題有三點,分別闡述在三個章節裡。第一章在於檢視記憶的不可靠性以及記憶跟個人觀點之間的關係,以顯示,在Ryder記憶裡的過去並非全然是他曾經歷的過去;他的觀點決定了記憶的樣貌。第二章在於討論現代化所引起的記憶問題。此章節將引用黑德格(Martin Heidegger)和班雅民(Walter Benjamin)對現代科技或記憶的看法,以闡明現代化如何形塑人們的經歷、萎縮人們的記憶。第三章在於探討遺忘所扮演的角色,以呈現Ryder記憶不平衡的狀態以及追憶和遺忘之間平衡的重要性。通過檢視小說人物的記憶和經歷,本論文將探究《未得安撫者》所提出的記憶問題,以揭示Ryder如何錯誤地讓他的過去影響和破壞他的現在。

The Unconsoled, Kazuo Ishiguro's fourth novel, departs from the realistic representation that characterizes the narrative of memory in Ishiguro's first three novels. In The Unconsoled, Ishiguro uses dreamscape to conjure Ryder's past. The interaction between dream and memory undermines the possibility of understanding the working of memory from a single viewpoint. In fact, this interaction invites a diversity of interpretation. With all the possibilities it raises, this thesis concerns with three topics about memory, which are elaborated in three chapters. Chapter One examines the unreliability of memory and its interaction with one's perspective. It manifests the fact that Ryder's past is not the past he has experienced, but a past subjected to his interpretation. Chapter Two focuses on the interplay of modernization and memory. It employs Martin Heidegger's and Walter Benjamin's perception of modern technology or modernization to illustrate how modernization shapes modern person's experience and atrophies memory. Chapter Three explores the roles forgetfulness plays in The Unconsoled, manifesting the imbalance of Ryder's memory and the importance to strike a balance between remembrance and forgetfulness. Through examining the characters' memory and experiences, this thesis probes the problems of memory posed by The Unconsoled in order to reveal how misguided Ryder is to let his past exert its influence on his adulthood and ruin his life.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7208
其他識別: U0005-2508200902452100
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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