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The Way to Self-Recognition: Recovery of Native Identity in N. Scott Momaday''s The Way to Rainy Mountain and House Made of Dawn
|關鍵字:||identity;身份認同;Native American culture;self-recognition;myth;imagination;美國原住民文化;自我覺醒;神話;想像||出版社:||外國語文學系所||引用:||Allen, Chadwick. Blood Narrative: Indigenous Identity in American Indian and Maori Literary and Activist Texts. London: Duke UP, 2002. ---. “N. Scott Momaday: Becoming the Bear.” Joy Porter and Kenneth M. Roemer. 207-20. Allen, Paula Gunn. “Bringing Home the Fact: Tradition and Continuity in the Imagination.” Brian Swann and Arnold Krupat. 563-79. Bataille, Gretchen M. “Momaday and the Evocation of Identity.” Kenneth M. Roemer. 79-84. Bernstein, Alison R. American Indians and World War II: Towards the New Era in Indian Affairs. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1991. Bevis, William. “Native American Novels: Homing In.” Brian Swann and Arnold Krupat. 580-619. Blaeser, Kimberly. “Momaday's Work in Motion.” Gerald Vizenor. 39-54. Campbell, W. John. The Book of Great Books: a Guide to 100 World Classics. New York: Barnes & Noble, 2000. Chevalier, Tracy, ed. 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Lincoln, Kenneth. Native American Renaissance. New York: U of California P, 1985. ---. Ind''in Humor. New York: Oxford, 1993. Lundquist, Suzanne. Native American Literatures: An Introduction. New York: Continuum, 2004. Molesky-Poz, Jean. “Reconstructing Personal and Cultural Identities.” American Quartly 45 (1993): 611-20. Momaday, N. Scott. House Made of Dawn. New York: HarperPerennial, 1968. ---. The Way to Rainy Mountain. Albuquerque: U of New Mexico P, 1969. ---. The Names: A Memoir. Tucson: The U of Arizona P, 1976. ---. The Man Made of Words: Essays, Stories, Passage. New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 1997. ---. “The Man Made of Words.” Indian Voices. Ed. Rupert Costo. San Francisco: Indian Historian Press, 1970. Owens, Louise, “Acts of Imagination: The Novels of N. Scott Momaday.” Other Destinies: Understanding the American Indian Novel. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1992. Porter, Joy and Kenneth M. Roemer, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Native American Literature. 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Ancestral Voice: Conversations with N. Scott Momaday. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1989.||摘要:||
The thesis plans to probe into the self-recognition journey in N. Scott Momaday's two representative works, The Way to Rainy Mountain (1969), an autobiographical fiction with first-person narrative, and House Made of Dawn (1968), a novel inspired by what Momaday witnessed in postwar Indian reservation. As reflection of the author's life, the protagonists experience separation, alienation, cultural and linguistic deprivation, and identity crisis in the era where Native American culture is in danger of extinction. Conflict, struggle, and quest are thus the main ideas throughout the two works. In Chapter One, I will give a panorama of Momaday's background, education, works, writing themes and images, and literary contribution. Chapter Two discusses Momaday's The Way to Rainy Mountain. The work is written in the author's perspective. Momaday, aware that his grandmother's death heralds the decline of Kiowa tradition, tries to weave the tribal memories and stories through imagination for recovering self-identity. Chapter Three focuses on a dispossessed young Indian veteran, Abel, who moves from place to place attempting to learn who he is by his contact with his grandfather, Tosamah, and other important characters. Momaday expresses his anticipation of self-recognition in the quest journeys. The protagonists, who seem to be considered as inactive victimized Indians, subvert the stereotype and continuously explore Native identity by revisiting the past. The journey helps them grow up and recompose the conception of self. At last, they are aware that they cannot linger in the shade of past. Recognizing themselves as Indians and heirs of Native American culture, they determine to venture out and face the real world in the future.
|Appears in Collections:||外國語文學系所|
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