Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7237
標題: 自我覺醒的旅程:莫馬戴的《雨山之路》與《黎明之屋》中原住民身分認同之復建
The Way to Self-Recognition: Recovery of Native Identity in N. Scott Momaday''s The Way to Rainy Mountain and House Made of Dawn
作者: 王芸閣
Wang, Yun-Ge
關鍵字: identity;身份認同;Native American culture;self-recognition;myth;imagination;美國原住民文化;自我覺醒;神話;想像
出版社: 外國語文學系所
引用: Allen, Chadwick. Blood Narrative: Indigenous Identity in American Indian and Maori Literary and Activist Texts. London: Duke UP, 2002. ---. “N. Scott Momaday: Becoming the Bear.” Joy Porter and Kenneth M. Roemer. 207-20. Allen, Paula Gunn. “Bringing Home the Fact: Tradition and Continuity in the Imagination.” Brian Swann and Arnold Krupat. 563-79. Bataille, Gretchen M. “Momaday and the Evocation of Identity.” Kenneth M. Roemer. 79-84. Bernstein, Alison R. American Indians and World War II: Towards the New Era in Indian Affairs. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1991. Bevis, William. “Native American Novels: Homing In.” Brian Swann and Arnold Krupat. 580-619. Blaeser, Kimberly. “Momaday's Work in Motion.” Gerald Vizenor. 39-54. Campbell, W. John. The Book of Great Books: a Guide to 100 World Classics. New York: Barnes & Noble, 2000. Chevalier, Tracy, ed. Encyclopedia of the Essay. London: Fitzroy, 1997. De Mente, Boye Lafayette. Cultural Code Words of the Navajo People. New York: Phoenix, 2005. Erikson, Erik H. Identity: Youth and Crisis. New York: Norton, 1968. Evers, Lawrence J. “Words and Place, A Reading of House Made of Dawn.” Native American Writers. Ed. Harold Bloom. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 1998. Hoxie, Frederick E. ed. Encyclopedia of North American Indians. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1996. Kidwell, Clara Sue and Alan R. Velie. Native American Studies. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 2005. Kracht, Benjamin R. “Kiowa Religion in Historical Perspective.” Native American Spirituality. Ed. Lee Irwin. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 2000. Kroeber, Karl. “Technology and Tribal Narrative.” Gerald Vizenor. 17-38. Krupat, Arnold. Red Matters: Native American Studies. Philadelphia: U of Pennysylvia P, 2002. Lake-Thom, Bobby. Spirits of the Earth: A Guide to Native American Nature Symbols, Stories, and Ceremonies. New York: Penguin, 1997. Lincoln, Kenneth. Native American Renaissance. New York: U of California P, 1985. ---. Ind''in Humor. New York: Oxford, 1993. Lundquist, Suzanne. Native American Literatures: An Introduction. New York: Continuum, 2004. Molesky-Poz, Jean. “Reconstructing Personal and Cultural Identities.” American Quartly 45 (1993): 611-20. Momaday, N. Scott. House Made of Dawn. New York: HarperPerennial, 1968. ---. The Way to Rainy Mountain. Albuquerque: U of New Mexico P, 1969. ---. The Names: A Memoir. Tucson: The U of Arizona P, 1976. ---. The Man Made of Words: Essays, Stories, Passage. New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 1997. ---. “The Man Made of Words.” Indian Voices. Ed. Rupert Costo. San Francisco: Indian Historian Press, 1970. Owens, Louise, “Acts of Imagination: The Novels of N. Scott Momaday.” Other Destinies: Understanding the American Indian Novel. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1992. Porter, Joy and Kenneth M. Roemer, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Native American Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2005. Porter, Joy. “Historical and Cultural Contexts to Native American Literature.” Joy Porter and Kenneth M. Roemer. 39-68. Ramsey, Jarold. “Thoreau's Last Words—and America's First Literatures.” Redefining American Literary History. Ed. A. LaVonne Brown and Jerry W. Ward, Jr. New York: The Modern Language Association, 1990. Roemer, Kenneth M., ed. Approaches to Teaching Momaday's “The Way to Rainy Mountain.” New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 1988. Scarberry-Garcia, Susan. Landmarks of Healing: A Study of House Made of Dawn. Albuquerque: U of New Mexico P, 1971. ---. “Beneath the Stars: Images of the Sacred.” Kenneth M. Roemer. 89-97. Schubnell, Matthias. N. Scott Momaday: The Cultural and Literary Background. London: U of Oklahoma P, 1985. Schubnell, Matthias, ed. Conversation with N. Scott Momaday. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1997. Swann, Brian and Arnold Krupat, eds. Recovering the Word: Essays on Native American Literature. Berkeley: U of California P, 1989. Trout, Lawana. “The Way to Rainy Mountain: Arrow of History, Spiral of Myth.” Kenneth M. Roemer. 32-40. Velie, Allan R., ed. The Lightening Within: An Anthology of Contemporary American Indian Fiction. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993. Vizenor, Gerald, ed. Narrative Chance: Postmodern Discourse on Native American Literature. Albuquerque: U of New Mexico P, 1989. ---. Manifest Manners: Narratives on Postindian Survivance. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1994. ---. Fugitive Poses: Native American Indian Scenes of Absence and Presence. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1998. Weaver, Jace. That the People Might Live: Native American Literatures and Native American Community. New York: Oxford, 1997. Wiget, Andrew, ed. The Handbook of Native American Literature. New York: Garland, 1994. Wong, Hertha Dawn. Sending My Heart Back Across the Years: Tradition and Innovation in Native American Autobiography. New York: Oxford, 1992. Woodard, Charles L. Ancestral Voice: Conversations with N. Scott Momaday. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1989.
摘要: 
本論文探討莫馬戴的《雨山之路》和《黎明之屋》兩部代表作品中所呈現的自我覺醒之旅。《雨山之路》這部作品是以作者第一人稱為敘述的自傳體文學,而《黎明之屋》則是一部由作者所觀察到的原住民戰後現象為背景的小說。這兩部作品皆反應作者的生活。書中的主角處於美國原住民文化面臨滅絕危機的時代,他們經歷了分離、疏離感、文化與語言的剝奪、及自我認同危機。於是,衝突、掙扎與追尋成為貫串整部作品的三大主題。在本論文第一章裡,我將會縱觀作者的背景、教育、作品、文學貢獻、及代表作品中的主題和意象。第二章則是探討莫馬戴的《雨山之路》。此作品由作者的觀點鋪陳:莫馬戴意識到祖母的死亡意味著凱歐瓦民族(Kiowa)傳統的衰敗,於是他試圖藉由想像來編織原住民族群記憶及故事,由此重建原住民身分認同。第三章主要描寫一個年輕卻遭受剝奪的印第安戰後退役士兵—艾爾伯(Abel);在自我覺醒的旅途中,他不斷遷徙,藉由與祖父、妥沙馬(Tosamah)、及其他重要角色的關係來了解自我。在追尋之旅中,莫馬戴表達了他對主角們自我覺醒的期望。作品中的印地安主角似乎在一開始被視為無反擊能力的犧牲者;而他們不斷重建原住民身分的行動扭轉了這樣的刻板印象。追尋之旅幫助他們成長並重新塑造自我。他們了解自己身為印第安族裔並且肩負了美國原住民文化傳承的責任。最後他們意識到自己不能再留戀過去的庇蔭,而決定大膽向前、並面對未來的現實世界。

The thesis plans to probe into the self-recognition journey in N. Scott Momaday's two representative works, The Way to Rainy Mountain (1969), an autobiographical fiction with first-person narrative, and House Made of Dawn (1968), a novel inspired by what Momaday witnessed in postwar Indian reservation. As reflection of the author's life, the protagonists experience separation, alienation, cultural and linguistic deprivation, and identity crisis in the era where Native American culture is in danger of extinction. Conflict, struggle, and quest are thus the main ideas throughout the two works. In Chapter One, I will give a panorama of Momaday's background, education, works, writing themes and images, and literary contribution. Chapter Two discusses Momaday's The Way to Rainy Mountain. The work is written in the author's perspective. Momaday, aware that his grandmother's death heralds the decline of Kiowa tradition, tries to weave the tribal memories and stories through imagination for recovering self-identity. Chapter Three focuses on a dispossessed young Indian veteran, Abel, who moves from place to place attempting to learn who he is by his contact with his grandfather, Tosamah, and other important characters. Momaday expresses his anticipation of self-recognition in the quest journeys. The protagonists, who seem to be considered as inactive victimized Indians, subvert the stereotype and continuously explore Native identity by revisiting the past. The journey helps them grow up and recompose the conception of self. At last, they are aware that they cannot linger in the shade of past. Recognizing themselves as Indians and heirs of Native American culture, they determine to venture out and face the real world in the future.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7237
其他識別: U0005-2006201013540600
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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