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標題: 自我覺醒的旅程:莫馬戴的《雨山之路》與《黎明之屋》中原住民身分認同之復建
The Way to Self-Recognition: Recovery of Native Identity in N. Scott Momaday''s The Way to Rainy Mountain and House Made of Dawn
作者: 王芸閣
Wang, Yun-Ge
關鍵字: identity;身份認同;Native American culture;self-recognition;myth;imagination;美國原住民文化;自我覺醒;神話;想像
出版社: 外國語文學系所
引用: Allen, Chadwick. Blood Narrative: Indigenous Identity in American Indian and Maori Literary and Activist Texts. London: Duke UP, 2002. ---. “N. Scott Momaday: Becoming the Bear.” Joy Porter and Kenneth M. Roemer. 207-20. Allen, Paula Gunn. “Bringing Home the Fact: Tradition and Continuity in the Imagination.” Brian Swann and Arnold Krupat. 563-79. Bataille, Gretchen M. “Momaday and the Evocation of Identity.” Kenneth M. Roemer. 79-84. Bernstein, Alison R. American Indians and World War II: Towards the New Era in Indian Affairs. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1991. Bevis, William. “Native American Novels: Homing In.” Brian Swann and Arnold Krupat. 580-619. Blaeser, Kimberly. “Momaday's Work in Motion.” Gerald Vizenor. 39-54. Campbell, W. John. The Book of Great Books: a Guide to 100 World Classics. New York: Barnes & Noble, 2000. Chevalier, Tracy, ed. Encyclopedia of the Essay. London: Fitzroy, 1997. De Mente, Boye Lafayette. Cultural Code Words of the Navajo People. New York: Phoenix, 2005. Erikson, Erik H. Identity: Youth and Crisis. New York: Norton, 1968. Evers, Lawrence J. “Words and Place, A Reading of House Made of Dawn.” Native American Writers. Ed. Harold Bloom. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 1998. Hoxie, Frederick E. ed. Encyclopedia of North American Indians. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1996. Kidwell, Clara Sue and Alan R. Velie. Native American Studies. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 2005. Kracht, Benjamin R. “Kiowa Religion in Historical Perspective.” Native American Spirituality. Ed. Lee Irwin. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 2000. Kroeber, Karl. “Technology and Tribal Narrative.” Gerald Vizenor. 17-38. Krupat, Arnold. Red Matters: Native American Studies. Philadelphia: U of Pennysylvia P, 2002. Lake-Thom, Bobby. Spirits of the Earth: A Guide to Native American Nature Symbols, Stories, and Ceremonies. New York: Penguin, 1997. Lincoln, Kenneth. Native American Renaissance. New York: U of California P, 1985. ---. Ind''in Humor. New York: Oxford, 1993. Lundquist, Suzanne. Native American Literatures: An Introduction. New York: Continuum, 2004. Molesky-Poz, Jean. “Reconstructing Personal and Cultural Identities.” American Quartly 45 (1993): 611-20. Momaday, N. Scott. House Made of Dawn. New York: HarperPerennial, 1968. ---. The Way to Rainy Mountain. Albuquerque: U of New Mexico P, 1969. ---. The Names: A Memoir. Tucson: The U of Arizona P, 1976. ---. The Man Made of Words: Essays, Stories, Passage. New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 1997. ---. “The Man Made of Words.” Indian Voices. Ed. Rupert Costo. San Francisco: Indian Historian Press, 1970. Owens, Louise, “Acts of Imagination: The Novels of N. Scott Momaday.” Other Destinies: Understanding the American Indian Novel. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1992. Porter, Joy and Kenneth M. Roemer, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Native American Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2005. Porter, Joy. “Historical and Cultural Contexts to Native American Literature.” Joy Porter and Kenneth M. Roemer. 39-68. Ramsey, Jarold. “Thoreau's Last Words—and America's First Literatures.” Redefining American Literary History. Ed. A. LaVonne Brown and Jerry W. Ward, Jr. New York: The Modern Language Association, 1990. Roemer, Kenneth M., ed. Approaches to Teaching Momaday's “The Way to Rainy Mountain.” New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 1988. Scarberry-Garcia, Susan. Landmarks of Healing: A Study of House Made of Dawn. Albuquerque: U of New Mexico P, 1971. ---. “Beneath the Stars: Images of the Sacred.” Kenneth M. Roemer. 89-97. Schubnell, Matthias. N. Scott Momaday: The Cultural and Literary Background. London: U of Oklahoma P, 1985. Schubnell, Matthias, ed. Conversation with N. Scott Momaday. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1997. Swann, Brian and Arnold Krupat, eds. Recovering the Word: Essays on Native American Literature. Berkeley: U of California P, 1989. Trout, Lawana. “The Way to Rainy Mountain: Arrow of History, Spiral of Myth.” Kenneth M. Roemer. 32-40. Velie, Allan R., ed. The Lightening Within: An Anthology of Contemporary American Indian Fiction. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993. Vizenor, Gerald, ed. Narrative Chance: Postmodern Discourse on Native American Literature. Albuquerque: U of New Mexico P, 1989. ---. Manifest Manners: Narratives on Postindian Survivance. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1994. ---. Fugitive Poses: Native American Indian Scenes of Absence and Presence. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1998. Weaver, Jace. That the People Might Live: Native American Literatures and Native American Community. New York: Oxford, 1997. Wiget, Andrew, ed. The Handbook of Native American Literature. New York: Garland, 1994. Wong, Hertha Dawn. Sending My Heart Back Across the Years: Tradition and Innovation in Native American Autobiography. New York: Oxford, 1992. Woodard, Charles L. Ancestral Voice: Conversations with N. Scott Momaday. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1989.

The thesis plans to probe into the self-recognition journey in N. Scott Momaday's two representative works, The Way to Rainy Mountain (1969), an autobiographical fiction with first-person narrative, and House Made of Dawn (1968), a novel inspired by what Momaday witnessed in postwar Indian reservation. As reflection of the author's life, the protagonists experience separation, alienation, cultural and linguistic deprivation, and identity crisis in the era where Native American culture is in danger of extinction. Conflict, struggle, and quest are thus the main ideas throughout the two works. In Chapter One, I will give a panorama of Momaday's background, education, works, writing themes and images, and literary contribution. Chapter Two discusses Momaday's The Way to Rainy Mountain. The work is written in the author's perspective. Momaday, aware that his grandmother's death heralds the decline of Kiowa tradition, tries to weave the tribal memories and stories through imagination for recovering self-identity. Chapter Three focuses on a dispossessed young Indian veteran, Abel, who moves from place to place attempting to learn who he is by his contact with his grandfather, Tosamah, and other important characters. Momaday expresses his anticipation of self-recognition in the quest journeys. The protagonists, who seem to be considered as inactive victimized Indians, subvert the stereotype and continuously explore Native identity by revisiting the past. The journey helps them grow up and recompose the conception of self. At last, they are aware that they cannot linger in the shade of past. Recognizing themselves as Indians and heirs of Native American culture, they determine to venture out and face the real world in the future.
其他識別: U0005-2006201013540600
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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