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標題: 重寫新自由主義霸權:山下‧凱倫的《橘子回歸線》
Rewriting Neoliberal Hegemony: Karen Tei Yamashita's Tropic of Orange
作者: 陳宇璿
Chen, Yu-Shuan
關鍵字: neoliberalism;新自由主義;hegemony;magic realism;flaneur;counterhegemony;霸權;魔幻寫實主義;漫遊者;反霸權
出版社: 外國語文學系所
引用: Works Cited Agnew, John. Hegemony: The New Shape of Global Power. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 2005. Artz, Lee, and Bren Ortega Murphy. Cultural Hegemony in the United States. Foundations of Popular Culture 7. Thousand Oaks: Sage, 2000. Benjamin, Walter. “On Some Motifs in Baudelaire.” Illuminations. Ed. Hannah Arendt. New York: Shocken, 1968. 155-200. ---. “Unpacking My Library.” Illuminations. Ed. Hannah Arendt. New York: Shocken, 1968. 486-93. Bowers, Maggie Ann. Magic(al) Realism. London: Routledge, 2004. Chae, Youngsuk. “Is There Any Essential Component of Asian American Literature? : Karen Tei Yamashita's Tropic of Orange.” Politicizing Asian American Literature: Toward a Critical multiculturalism. New York, Routledge, 2008. 89-105. Chiang, Mark. “Capitalizing Form: The Globalization of the Literary Field: A Response to David Palumbo-Liu.” American Literary History 20.4 (2008): 836-44. Clarke, Grahame. “The Great Wrong Place? L.A. as Urban Milieu.” Ed. Grahame Clarke The American City: Literary and Cultural Perspectives. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1988. Danow, David K.. The Spirit of Carnival: Magic Realism and the Grotesque. Lexington, UP of Kentucky, 1995. Durix, Jean-Pierre. Mimesis, Genres and Post-colonial Discourse: Deconstructing Magic Realism. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 1998. Gier, Jean Vengua, and Carla Alicia Tejada. “An Interview with Karen Tei Yamashita.” Jouvert 2.2 (1998). <> Gill, Stephen. “Globalization, Market Civilization and Disciplinary Neoberalism.” The Globalization of Liberalism Ed. Eivind Hovden and Edward Keene Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan, 2002. p.123-51. Glixman, Elizabeth P.. “An Interview with Karen Tei Yamashita.” Eclectica Magazine 11.4 (2007). Gramsci, Antonio. Selections from the Prison Notebooks. Ed. and trans. Quintin Hoare and Geoffrey Nowell Smith. New York: International, 1971. Hardt, Michael, and Antonio Negri. Empire. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2000. Harmon, William, ed. A Handbook to Literature. 9th ed. Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River, 2003. Harvey. David. The New Imperialism. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2005. Hsu, Ruth Y.. “The Cartography of Justice and Truthful Refractions in Karen Tei Yamashita's Tropic of Orange.” Transnational Asian American Literature: Sites and Transits. Ed. Shirley Geok-lin Lim, et al. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 2006. 74-99. Lee, Sue-Im. “‘We Are Not the World': Global Village, Universalism, and Karen Tei Yamashita's Tropic of Orange.” Modern Fiction Studies 52.3 (2007): 501-27. Lemke, Thomas. “The birth of bio-politics”: Michel Foucault's lecture at the College de France on neo-liberal governmentality.” Economy and Society 30.2 (2001): 190-207. Leslie, Esther. Walter Benjamin: Overpowering Conformism. London: Pluto, 2000. Lowe, Lisa. “Heterogeneity, Hybridity, Multiplicity: American Differences.” Immigrant Acts. Durham: Duke UP, 1996. 60-83. Luxemburg, Rosa. The Mass Strike, the Political Party and the Trade Union. London: Merlin, 1906. Mellen, Joan. Magic Realism. Literary Topics vol. 5. Detroit: Gale Group, 2000. Murashige, Michael S.. “Karen Tei Yamashita.” Words Matter: Conversations with Asian American Writers. Ed. King-Kok Cheung Honolulu: U of Hawai‘I P, 2000. 320-42 Ozer, Yvette Malamud. “‘Rising From Its Own Ashes': Hopelessness and Redemption in Parable of the Sower and Tropic of Orange.” Journal of Ethnic Studies 1.3 (2006) <> Rupert, Mark. Producing Hegemony: The Politics of Mass Production and American Global Power. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1995. Sadowski-Smith, Claudia. “Border Fictions: Globalization, Empire, and Writing at the Boundaries of the United States.” Charlettesville: Virginia UP, 2008. 1-20. Shan, Te-Hsing. “Imagination, Writing, and Border-Crossings: An Interview with Karen Tei Yamashita.” Chung-Wai Literary Monthly 35.3 (2006): 171-92. Wallace, Molly. “Tropic of Globalization: Reading the New North America.” Symploke 9.1 (2001): 145-60. Wolch, Jennifer. “From Global to Local: The Rise of Homelessness in Los Angeles during the 1980s.” The City: Los Angeles and Urban Theory at the End of the Twentieth Century. Ed. Allen J. Scott and Edward W. Soja Berkeley: U of California P, 1996. 390-462. Yamashita, Karen Tei. “Traveling Voice.” Comparative Literature Studies 45:1 (2008): 4-11 ---. Tropic of Orange. Minneapolis: Coffee House, 1997. Zamora, Lois, and Wendy B. Faris. Magical Realism: Theory, History, Community. Durham: Duke UP, 1995.
本論文探討山下‧凱倫的小說《橘子回歸線》中,1990年代美國新自由主義霸權(neoliberal hegemony),如何由國家政策層次滲透至書中角色的市民生活;七個人物則以不同的方式回應霸權。新自由主義霸權一詞由大衛‧哈維(David Harvey)提出,藉此說明1970年代以後的美國,經濟邏輯不只主導國家政策,亦形成以理性控制個人行動的力量。葛蘭西(Antonio Gramsci)對霸權的解釋為:一種難以在日常生活中察覺,「來自共識的權力」(power through consent)。
第一章從新自由主義與霸權理論談起,巴比(Bobby)、艾米(Emi)和蓋布里歐(Gabriel)順從並默許此一權力支配眼前的生活。第二章討論拉斐菈(Rafaela)、阿克安酋(Arcangel)的魔幻寫實場景,提供墨裔美國人重寫族群歷史,與重新定義真實的機會;扭曲的時間空間亦彰顯人與貨物在全球化時代中難以想像的流動。第三章從巴斯沃(Buzzworm)和蒙札納(Manzarna)兩人,以班雅明(Walter Benjamin)漫遊者(flaneur)的形象和霸權斡旋,而非激烈的正面對抗策略中,可找出實踐駱里山(Lisa Lowe)反霸權(counterhegemony)力量的可能性。

This thesis attempts to research how American neoliberal hegemony in the 1990s transfers the stress from the level of national policy to civil life of characters in Karen Tei Yamashita's novel Tropic of Orange, and the seven characters response to the hegemony in different ways. David Harvey proposes neoliberal hegemony to elaborate American growing power after the 1970s; economic logic becomes a type of hegemony which guides not only national policy but people's action in a rational way. Antonio Gramsci considers that hegemony is a power through consent and difficult to be perceived in daily routine.
Chapter one starts from theories of neoliberalism and hegemony; Bobby, Emi and Gabriel are obedient to the dominant power, and they consent to the power ruling their life at the present. Chapter two discusses that the magic realist scenes in which Rafaela and Arcangel appear provide the opportunities for the Chicano to rewrite their ethnic history and to redefine the reality that we are unacquainted with. Curved time and space underline the inconceivable flows of humans and products in global age. In chapter three, Buzzworm and Manzarna, two Benjaminian flaneur figures use indirect methods to negotiate with the hegemony instead of confronting it radically. The strategy provides the possibility of practicing Lisa Lowe's counterhegemony.
其他識別: U0005-0708201100473700
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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