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標題: 安‧嚴萊特《聚會》中的創傷回憶及憂鬱敘述
Traumatic Memory and Melancholic Narrative in Anne Enright's The Gathering
作者: 陳雅婷
Chen, Ya-Ting
關鍵字: trauma;創傷;memory;melancholia;narrative;回憶;憂鬱;敘述
出版社: 外國語文學系所
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《聚會》(The Gathering, 2007) 是愛爾蘭作家安‧嚴萊特(Anne Enright)的第四本小說。不同於她的前三本小說,《聚會》關注的主題是女主角處在天主教的愛爾蘭社會當中的壓抑,探討女性在承受壓抑的過程中所表現的創傷行為及憂鬱。受創的女主角活在有關創傷的回憶中,雖不願去回想痛苦的過去,卻又被揮之不去的創傷記憶所纏繞,她試著透過書寫,緩和長期壓抑所表徵的憂鬱。
《聚會》的故事單以女主角Veronica來到倫敦,將投海自殺的哥哥Liam的遺體帶回都柏林為主軸,當家人齊聚守靈時,她和哥哥孩提時守護的秘密也暴露出來。全書以Veronica第一人稱意識流式的交錯當下與過往,呈現愛爾蘭天主教大家庭裡的貧窮、擁擠,以及遭受忽略的孩提時光對他們的影響;而安瑞特在追探Veronica的過去以及她和Liam的複雜關係時,真實冷酷的語言托出幾近殘酷的創傷,彷彿也讓讀者經歷她苦澀的回憶及失去摯愛親人之痛。本論文,首先試著以「創傷敘述」(tramatic narrative) 為主軸,採用佛洛依德(Sigmund Freud)與卡露思(Cathy Caruth) 的創傷理論來分析《聚會》中的創傷是如何影響記憶形成與敘事。其次,延續佛洛依德及克莉斯蒂娃(Julia Kristeva)對於憂鬱的定義及探討,企圖解釋安瑞特為何透過哀悼式及憂鬱式的書寫,來再現縈繞著女主角Veronica的創傷記憶。最後,在結論中我將重申,藉由創傷敘事與憂鬱書寫的共鳴,創傷者得以為那巨大且無法承擔的哀痛找到出口。

The Gathering is Anne Enright's fourth novel. It centers on the depression which an Irish woman is confronted with in her life and explores the imperatives of her traumatic memory and melancholy throughout. In her post-traumatic life, the heroine Veronica is trapped and shattered in her traumatic memory. In order to reconcile the trauma to reality—clinically, to assimilate trauma—a narrative of the event must be constructed. While Veronica is creating this narrative, she relives the event in such a way that she will re-experience the feelings and sensations of the trauma. Being eager to write, she attempts to understand her trauma and melancholy.
The story of The Gathering resolves around the heroine Veronica's secret of her brother Liam's suicide. With the stream of unconsciousness narrative, Enright has the heroine Veronica provide commentary on and contribute to the way the traumatized shapes her narrative of traumatic events, how she understands these events, and how they haunt her. Depicitng memory photographically and bleakly , Anne Enright has created a traumatic narrative that almost mimics trauma. She provides a way for readers to theorize how trauma conveys and makes itself comprehensible to oneself and to others. The challenge for Enright imaginatively engaging with individual trauma is to render convincingly these feelings in creating a new narrative.
My project in this thesis seeks to contribute to analyzing the interplay of traumatic memory and melancholic narrative by using Sigmund Freud's and Cathy Caruth's trauma theories. Firstly, this thesis discusses how the traumatic event affects the formation and narration of memory. The discussion also demonstrates how Enright adopts the characteristics of trauma narrative to represent a story of trauma. The second chapter intends to bring in Sigmund Freud's and Julia Kristeva's theories of melancholia in order to provide a psychoanalytical interpretation of melancholia and writing. Meanwhile, it explores the interrelation of trauma narrative and trauma transformation by interrogating the affects that mourning and melancholia discharge in The Gathering. In the concluding chapter, I will argue that understanding trauma goes to one's choice. Combating the impossibility of trauma, the heroine Veronica would not ignore her gnawing trauma; instead, she chooses to make trauma understood in a certain sense. Writing in her way appears to be an outlet for the enduring repression of pain. Being able to write makes her sustain herself.
其他識別: U0005-1206201121440700
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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