Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7261
標題: 反面烏托邦:瑪格麗特‧愛特伍《末世男女》的 真實層倫理
Dystopia: the Ethics of the Real in Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake
作者: 劉香儀
Liu, Hsiang-Yi
關鍵字: Margaret Atwood;瑪格麗特‧愛特伍;Oryx and Crake;object a;the ethics of the Real;dystopia;《末世男女》;小幻物;真實層倫理;反面烏托邦
出版社: 外國語文學系所
引用: Atwood, Margaret. “An End to Audience?” Second Words: Selected Critical Prose. Toronto: Anansi, 1982. 334-57. Print. ---. “The Handmaid's Tale and Oryx and Crake in Context.” PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America 119.3 (2004a): 513-17. ---. Oryx and Crake: a Novel. New York: Anchor, 2004. Print. ---. Survival: a Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 2004b. Print. ---. “Writing Oryx and Crake.” Writing with Intent: Essays, Reviews, Personal Prose, 1983-2005. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2005a. 284-86. Print. ---. “Writing Utopia.” Writing with Intent: Essays, Reviews, Personal Prose, 1983-2005. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2005b. 92-100. Print. Barzilai, Shuli. “‘Tell My Story': Remembrance and Revenge in Atwood's Oryx and Crake and Shakespeare's Hamlet.” Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction 50.1 (2008): 87-110. Becker, Manuel Benjamin. Forms and Functions of Dystopia in Margaret Atwood's Novels: “The Handmaid''s Tale” and “Oryx and Crake.” Saarbrucken: VDM, Verlag Dr. Muller, 2008. Print. Bouson, J. Brooks. “‘It's Game Over Forever': Atwood's Satiric Vision of a Bioengineered Posthuman Future in Oryx and Crake.” Journal of Commonwealth Literature 39.3 (2004): 139-56. Cooke, Nathalie. Margaret Atwood: A Critical Companion. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2004. Print. Davis, Roger. “‘A White Illusion of a Man': Snowman, Survival and Speculation in Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake.” Hosting the Monster. Ed. Holly Lynn. Baumgartner and Roger Davis. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2008. 237-58. Print. DiMarco, Danette. “Paradice Lost, Paradise Regained: Homo Faber and the Makings of a New Beginning in Oryx and Crake.” Papers on Language and Literature: A Journal for Scholars and Critics of Language and Literature 41.2 (2005): 170-95. Dunning, Stephen. “Margaret Atwood''s Oryx and Crake: The Terror of the Therapeutic.” Canadian Literature 186 (2005): 86-101. Evans, Dylan. An Introductory Dictionary of Lacanian Psychoanalysis. London: Routledge,1996. Print. Fink, Bruce. “The Dialectic of Desire.” A Clinical Introduction to Lacanian Psychoanalysis: Theory and Technique. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1999. 50-71. Print. ---. The Lacanian Subject: Between Language and Jouissance. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1995. Print. ---. “The Subject and the Other's Desire.” Reading Seminars I and II: Lacan's Return to Freud. Ed. Richard Feldstein, Bruce Fink, and Maire Jaanus. Albany: State University of New York, 1996. 76-97. Print. Freud, Sigmund. “Beyond the Pleasure Principle.” The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Trans. and ed. James Strachey. Vol. ⅩⅧ. London: Vintage, 2001a. 7-64. Print. ---. “Civilization and Its Discontents.” The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Ed. James Strachey. Vol. XXI. London: Vintage, 2001b. 64-145. Print. Gussow, Mel. “Atwood's Dystopian Warning: Hand-Wringer's Tale of Tomorrow.” The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. 24 June 2003. Web. 6 Sept. 2010. <http://www.nytimes.com/2003/06/24/books/atwood-s-dystopian-warning-hand-wringer-s-tale-of-tomorrow.html?scp=1&sq=Mel Gussow&st=nyt>. Howells, Coral Ann. “Margaret Atwood: Bodily Harm, The Handmaid's Tale.” Private and Fictional Words: Canadian Women Novelists of the 1970s and 1980s. London: Methuen, 1987. 53-70. Print. ---. “Margaret Atwood's Dystopian Visions: The Handmaid's Tale and Oryx and Crake.” The Cambridge Companion to Margaret Atwood. Ed. Coral Ann Howells. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UP, 2006. 161-75. Print. Ingersoll, Earl G. “Survival in Margaret Atwood's Novel Oryx and Crake.” Margaret Atwood. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Bloom's Literary Criticism, 2009. 111-25. Print. Klaić, Dragan. The Plot of the Future: Utopia and Dystopia in Modern Drama. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1991. Print. Ku, Chung-Hao. “Of Monster and Man: Transgenics and Transgression in Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake.” Concentric: Literary and Cultural Studies 32.1 (2006): 107-33. Web. 25 Nov. 2010. <http://www.concentric-literature.url.tw/issues/32_1/05_ku.pdf>. Lacan, Jacques. The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho-Analysis. Trans. Alan Sheridan. New York: W.W. Norton, 1981. Print. ---. The Seminar Book Ⅱ: The Ego in Freud''s Theory and in the Technique of Psychoanalysis. Trans. Sylvana Tomaselli. New York: Norton, 1988. Print. ---. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan Edited by Jacques-Alain Miller: Book VII. The Ethics of Psychoanalysis 1959-1960. Trans. Dennis Porter. New York and London: Norton, 1992. Print. Levitas, Ruth. The Concept of Utopia. London: Philip Allan, 1990. Print. Miller, Jacques-Alain. “Context and Concepts.” Reading Seminar XI: Lacan's Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis: Including the First English Translation of “Position of the Unconscious” by Jacques Lacan. Ed. Richard Feldstein, Bruce Fink, and Maire Jaanus. Albany: State University of New York, 1995. 3-15. Print. Moylan, Tom, and Raffaella Baccolini, eds. Dark Horizons: Science Fiction and the Dystopian Imagination. New York: Routledge, 2003. Print. Mundler, Helen E. “Heritage, Pseudo-Heritage and Survival in a Spurious Wor(l)d: Oryx and Crake by Margaret Atwood.” Commonwealth Essays and Studies 27.1 (2004): 89-98. Soler, Colette. “The Subject and the Other (Ⅱ).” Reading Seminar XI: Lacan's Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis : Including the First English Translation of “Position of the Unconscious” by Jacques Lacan. Ed. Richard Feldstein, Bruce Fink, and Maire Jaanus. Albany: State University of New York, 1995. 45-53. Print. Storey, Francoise, and Jeff Storey. “History and Allegory in Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake.” Cycnos 22.2 (2005): 129-138. Tolan, Fiona. “Oryx and Crake: A Postfeminist Future.” Margaret Atwood: Feminism and Fiction. Amsterdam: Editions Rodopi B.v., 2007. 273-97. Print. Žižek, Slavoj. “Kant with (or against) Sade.” The Žižek Reader. Elizabeth Wright and Edmond Wright, eds. Oxford: Blackwell, 1999. 283-301. Print. ---. The Plague of Fantasies. London: Verso, 1997. Print. ---. “Schelling-for-Hegel: The ‘Vanishing Mediator.'” The Invisible Remainder: on Schelling and Related Matters. London: Verso, 2007. 92-186. Print. ---. “From Symptom to Sinthome.” The Sublime Object of Ideology. London: Verso, 1989. 55-84. Print. Zupančič, Alenka. Ethics of the Real: Kant, Lacan. London: Verso, 2000. Print.
摘要: 
本論文旨在以拉岡精神分析的觀點來討論瑪格麗特‧愛特伍 (Margaret Atwood) 的小說《末世男女》(Oryx and Crake)。在小說中,克雷科因為對人類慾望的厭惡而毀滅人類,並創造出一個沒有慾望的世界,他相信他所創造出的世界將會是個不再有苦難的世界。然而,這個新世界卻變成反面烏托邦(dystopia)。本論文以拉岡理論的概念探討克雷科的真實層倫理(the ethics of the Real),可怕的暴力便是由此產生。首先,以小幻物(object a)的概念說明人類慾望的不可滿足性。為了要消除人類慾望,克雷科擁有驅使他消滅人類和實現他理想世界的力量,這個理想世界顯示出真實層倫理的問題。克雷科認為他在追求聖善物(the Supreme Good),然而事實上,他是遵循淫穢超我指令(obscene superego imperative)去追求他的理想,這是他的潛意識絕爽(jouissance)的問題。最後,因為克雷科在創造新世界時企圖將他的潛意識慾望(unconscious desire)普世化,所以他所創造的世界逆轉成為反面烏托邦。

This thesis mainly analyzes Margaret Atwood's novel Oryx and Crake (2003) from the perspective of Lacanian psychoanalysis. In the novel, due to his hatred of excessive human desire, the character Crake eliminates human beings and creates a world without desire. He believes that the world he creates will be an ideal world where the creatures live without suffering. However, after his vision has been realized, the new world turns out to be a dystopia. This thesis applies Lacanian concepts to analyze Crake's ethics of the Real that generates horrible violence. In the first place, Lacan's idea, object a, is employed to demonstrate the insatiable nature of human desire. Since Crake wants to eliminate human desire, he has the force to destroy human beings and to accomplish his ideal world that shows the problem of the ethics of the Real. He supposes what he pursues is the Supreme Good; yet, he is actually commanded by obscene superego imperative to pursue his ideal, which, in fact, is the problem of his unconscious jouissance. In the end, Crake's ideal world inversely becomes a dystopia, for he universalizes his unconscious desire in creating the new world.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7261
其他識別: U0005-2501201223283400
Appears in Collections:外國語文學系所

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