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標題: 可以將「女勇士」視為一個跨文化的童話或民間傳奇嗎?
Can the Woman Warrior Become a Cross-Cultural Fairy Tale/Folk Legend﹖
作者: 朱崇儀
關鍵字: 童話;中國;湯婷婷
出版社: 臺中市:國立中興大學文學院
Project: 文史學報, Volume 27, Page(s) 251-265.
My paper first points out the importance of the ideological innovation
in fairy tales. In order to revive the classical fairy tales as well as
preventing them form falling nto myths, we need to rewirte and re-frame their
ideological framework. The instance cited here is Sleeping Beauty. Then I assess
the parallel development of Chinese fairy tales form the May Fourth to the prese
nt moment, pointing out especially its gender blindness as reflected in those ta
To reassess with a concrete example, I choose to illustrate by the contemporary
Chinese-American writer Maxine Hong Kingston's appropriation of the Hua Mulan
legend in The Woman Warrior. By comparing the two versions of Mulan's legend, I
argue that Kingston's Mulan has been transformed form a defender of the partriar
chal establishment into a potentially subversive woman warrior a whom even trad
ition yield.
At last I discuss briefly the role cultural differences play in the reception of
Kingston's text. Within the autobiographical context, the simultaneous
identification and nonidentification of the narrator/protagonist with Mulan is
unique and sophisticated. To Chinese and non-Chinese readers, their degrees of
sensitivity to the cultural confrontations also vary. Yet as a truly
"cross-cultural" fairy tale, Kingston's text has its advantages as well as
disadvantages. It is hoped that under Kingsto's inspiration, there will be an
increase of radical Chinese fairy tales in Chinese.
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