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標題: 起源的迷思:《最後的莫希根人》中的國族論述
The Myth of the Origin: On the Last of the Mohicans as a National Narrative
作者: 周淑娟
關鍵字: 他者;後殖民;國族論述
出版社: 臺中市:國立中興大學文學院
Project: 文史學報, Volume 29, Page(s) 197-220.
In the nineteenth century Americans were troubled by the problem of national
subjectivity. On the one hand they faced the post-colonial difficulty of
purifying themselves of the colonial culture. On the other hand they had
to cleanse their position of the invading Other to native Indians. To solve
the dilemma, Americans called for a literary nationalism that would serve
as a national narrative to depict American identity for their nationals.
With the experience of frontier life, Cooper gives himself the role as a
historian who will portray the American character by presenting the
historical meaning of the 1757 Fort William Henry massacre. In this
representation, Cooper aims construct American character by returning to
their colonial history and thus disavow their British genealogy and redefine
their origin at the same time. However, through the help of post-
structuralist theories, this paper first discloses that, in writing The last
of the Mohicans, Cooper is not producing the truth of history but translating
the history of American colonization. Then, through the strategies offered
by the post-colonial scholars, this paper explores how the political
elements, such as power relation and apparatuses of consolidating
identification, function in this translation. At the same time, the
depressed desire, which is formed by lack and absence in American national
identity as also disclosed.
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