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標題: 以PC為基礎之雙軸太陽能板感測追日系統製作
Design and Manufacture of a PC-Based Two-Axis sun Seeker with Solar Cell Sensors
作者: 洪敏洲
洪敏洲, Min-Zhou Hung
關鍵字: Sun seeker system;追日系統;Solar azimuth;Graphical Monitoring Software;太陽方位;圖控軟體
出版社: 電機工程學系所
引用: [1] 沈華堅,Solar 產業發展概況,,2005/10/17 [2] 工研院材料所,工研院IEK-IT IS 計畫,2004/07 [3] F. Harashima and H. Inaba, “Microprocessor Controlled SIT Inverter for Solar Energy System”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. IE-34, No. 1, pp50-55, Feb., 1987. [4] M. G. Simoes, N. N. Franceschetti and M. Friedhofer, “A Fuzzy Logic Based Photovoltaic Peak Power Tracking Control”, International Symposium ISIE ''98. IEEE on Industrial Electronics, Proceedings, Vol. 1 pp. 300 –305, 1998 [5] K. H. Hussein, I. Muta , T. Hoshino and M. Osakada , “Maximum Photovoltaic Power Tracking: an algoruthon for rapidly changing atmospheric conditions”, IEEE Proceedings of Generation Transmission & Distribution, Vol. 142, No. 1, Jan., pp. 59-64, 1995. [6] Emarineinc Solar Tracker http://www. [7] 高職進修網站 [8] 李東諭、王耀諄,“日射量機率模型之建立”,中華民國第21 屆電力研討會pp. 1231-1235, 2000. [9] 蘇丁財、石延民、陳裕愷,“追光控制器提昇太陽能集熱效率之研究與設計”,建國技術學報第十九期,(1999). [10] 何金滿、包濬瑋,“中壢地區太陽光發電系統運轉性能評估”,中華民國第24 屆電力研討會,pp. 419-420, 2003. [11] 吳旭晉、陳耀銘,“固定式太陽能電池最佳安裝角度之研究”,中華民國第21 屆電力研討會,pp. 967-971, 2000. [12] M.Cucuno , D. Kaliakatsos ,and V. Marinelli, “General Calculation Methods for Sorlar Trajectories”, Renewable Energy, Vol.11, No.2, pp.223-234, 1997. [13] Braun, J. E.and Mitchell, J.C .,”Solar Geometry for Fixed and Tracking Surfaces” , Solar Energy, 31, pp. 439-444, 1983. [14] Walraven,R.,” Calculation the Position of the Sun ”,Solar Energy.20, pp. 393-397, 1978. [15] 黃秉鈞,蓀輔笙,廖偉承,高晨喬,”集光式太陽光發電追蹤控制系統”, 2004 太陽能科技與產業發展研討會論文集,1~32 頁,2004。 [16] Institude of Solar Energy Technical University of Madrid Website. [17] 卓胡誼、黃文川、吳春吉,“具有導光裝置的太陽能系統” 崑山科技大學電機系。 [18] 葉益男,集光式太陽光發電追控系統研製,碩士論文,國立台灣 大學機械工程研究所,2002。 [19] W.A. Lynch and Z.M. Salameh, “Simple electro-optically controlled dual-axis sun tracker”, Department of Electrical Rngineering, University of Lowell , Lowell, MA 01854, USA [20] Zomeworks Track Rack UTRK 040, [21] Kipp&Zonen 2AP,http://www. [22] POULEK Solar Tracker,http://www. [23] Wattsun AZ-225, [24] LED3X Sun Seeker, [25] U.S. patent No. 4228417, (1982/5/4) “Solar tracking system or the like” [26] William A. Lynch and Ziyad M. Salameh, “Simple electro-optically controlled dual-axis sun tracker”, Department of Electrical Rngineering, University of Lowell , Lowell,MA 01854, USA. [27] Lisa K.Wells,and Jeffrey Travis 原著,蕭子健、儲昭偉、 王智昱編譯,『LabVIEW 基礎篇』,民國八十七年。 [28] 包濬偉,太陽光發電系統運轉性能評估,私立中原大學碩士論文,2003。 [29] 光華開發科技, [30] 美商國家儀器, [31] 王崇飛,“步進馬達簡介”,元智大學機械系大四自動化機械設計實務課程教材,2000-05-05。 [32] 東元精電股份有限公司, [33] datasheet, [34] K.S. Lynch , R.C.GONZALEZand C.S.G.LEE, “ROBOTICS:CONTROL, SENSING,VISION, and INTELLIGENCE ” 。
本論文建立一套結構簡單的追日系統,包含感測器、I/O 介面、以及步進馬達整合雙軸機構,實現一套自主式太陽行進軌跡追蹤系統,以追蹤太陽方位角來調整太陽能發電系統的受光面,在任何時間和地點下,使太陽能光電板與陽光保持垂直,而達到最大的發電效率。本系統採用雙軸設計,分別控制水平角度和仰角角度,以電腦作為系統的控制器,利用四個太陽感測片的電壓差,來判斷太陽方位,經步進馬達移動後,快速鎖定太陽直射方位。硬體是由太陽感測片、資料擷取卡、步進馬達、驅動電路、雙軸旋轉平臺及一台監控電腦等所組成,採用LabVIEW圖控軟體。

The main purpose of this research is to set up a simple sun seeker system, which consists of solar sensors, I/O interfaces, and stepper motors. It is a two-axis structure, which controls horizontal angle and elevation angle independently to trace the solar azimuth in the daytime at any location. This sun seeker can be mounted to a solar energy system, as a means of keeping the solar panels perpendicular to the sunray so as to reach the maximum efficiency. Four solar sensors are placed on top of the sun seeker. They provide four voltages for the sun seeker to determine the sun''s position. As the stepper motors move,the normal directions of the solar sensors change accordingly. The control objective is to adjust the normal direction of a specific solar sensor to coincide with the solar azimuth. The hardware is composed of the solar sensing piece, data acquisition card, stepping motor, drive circuits, two-axis rotational platform and a monitor, The control program is developed by way of LabVIEW.
其他識別: U0005-0507200708573400
Appears in Collections:電機工程學系所

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