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標題: 易道之「懼以終始」論述
作者: 劉錦賢 
關鍵字: 周易;道德;憂患意識;戒懼;敬慎
出版社: 臺中市:國立中興大學文學院
Project: 興大人文學報, Volume 34, Page(s) 1-44.
Chou Yi containing its contents and Ten Wings to interpretations the contents, is the work compiled by wisdom of sages of generations. The regents in the period of domination of early Chou realized the ever-changing fate, their conceptions of cultivating virtues cautiously and respectfully can often be seen in The Book of Songs and Shangshu. Chou Yi finished in early Chou Dynasty, proves that the author’s concerns and anxiety. As Confucians rises, Confucius cares about “people don’t neither cultivate moralities nor pursue real knowledge”, and Manfucius mentions “one of fine virtues in all his life worries that he does not do his responsibilites to the society,” both respond to “wariness” of Doctrine of the Mean and “no cheating but honesty and sincerity” of Great Learning. In such thought trends and backgrounds, the author of Yi Chuan shows his fears in his interpretations.
Hexagram Judgments of Chou Yi admonish people by its dread messages; the author of Tuan treats each hexagram as the gist for one to cultivate morality, therefore, it works greatly on self-cultivation and national governance. Every first and last lines of hexagrams depict the “the beginning and the result” of the development of an event; Line Judgement as well as Minor Image thus instructs people to start with cogitation and finish with respect. Generally speaking, middle lines of hexagrams describe good fortune, therefore, the thrid and fourth Lines pour out more fear than the second and fifth Lines. The author of Great Image roots in higher moral senses, with imagination, combines the definitions of name of the images, and their external and metaphorical images as well, to express his philosophies toward life and politics, such as “one of honor shall not fold his bright virtues to the rulers and people”, “cultivate and introspect with serious attention”, “to take precaution”, and “treat subordinates well and assure people a good life.”
His Tsu quotes what Confucius’s statement of protecting oneself by caution and respect, which illustrates Confucius’ philosophies, gives much more precise explications to line judgements than to Minor Image, to enrich the contents of Chou Yi. Through this study, His Tsu, Chapter 11, vol.2 adopts “keeping caution and respect from the beginning to the end” as the principle of Yi, which is sufficiently proved.

Appears in Collections:第34期

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