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標題: 從限制性到無限制性消費:詹姆士(Henry James)《聖泉》(the Sacred Fount)中的身體經濟
From Restricted to Unrestricted Expenditure: Body Economy in James's the Sacred Fount
作者: 王俊三
關鍵字: 聖泉;The Sacred Fount;原慾交換;渾雄經濟;恐怖靈視;情色想像;消費;The Sacred Fount;Libidinal exchange;Sublime economy;Vision of horrors;Spermatic economy;Expenditure;Pornographic imagination;Libidinal exchange;Sublime economy;Vision of horrors;Spermatic economy;Expenditure;Pornographic imagination
出版社: 臺中市:國立中興大學文學院
Project: 興大人文學報, Volume 39, Page(s) 401-439.

The theory of the sacred fount constructed by the unnamed first-person narrator in The Sacred Fount has baffled its readers since its publication in 1902. For most Jamesian critics, this theory is merely a whimsical and prurient fantasy of the narrator. However, this article argues that, more than a private fantasy of the narrator, the theory of the fount is inscribed within the sexual ideology of the late-Victorian age. This approach allows us to see the theory not simply as the outcome of the narrator's solipsistic idealism as many illustrious scholars hold it to be: it is a logical consequence of his belief in the late-Victorian sexual ideology. This article examines the complex interchanges whereby the ideological structure of beliefs is translated into a narrative structure that encodes and perpetuates those beliefs. However, as this article also attempts to show, the very act of deciphering the plot and characterization uncovers a simultaneous counter-narrative: the persistent undermining of the dominant sexual ideology by the contradictions concealed within the specific form that its representation has assumed. Therefore, the aggressivity of the novel is not, as some critics have asserted, aimed at its reader, so much as it is targeted at the sexual ideology itself: embedded and inscribed within the repressive sexual ideology, The Sacred Fount simultaneously represents and undermines that ideology by locating its inherent fissures and gaps and thus maps out, for the individual's desires, a(n) (im-)possible route of escape from the surveillance of that ideology.
Appears in Collections:第39期

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