Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/74844
標題: 金門、澎湖孰重?論明代福建泉州海防佈署重心之移轉(1368-1598年)
作者: 何孟興
關鍵字: Kin-Men;金門;Peng-Hu;Peng-Hu armada;澎湖;澎湖遊兵
出版社: 臺中市:國立中興大學文學院
Project: 興大人文學報, Volume 44, Page(s) 179-206.
摘要: 
海洋和福建的安危密不可分,金門和澎湖又是福建海上的二座要島。其中,金門地近泉州同安內岸,控制泉、漳二府海上的交通往來,地理位置十分重要,早在明初洪武(1368-1398)時,明政府便採「佈防金門,監控泉海」的戰略思維,在島上設置守禦千戶所和巡檢司軍兵,並派浯嶼水寨兵船泊駐料羅,用來監控海上的動態。至於,孤懸大海中的澎湖,明政府則採「棄守」主張而慘遭「墟地徙民」的下場,又因海禁政策不准民人私自出海販貿或活動,致使澎湖日後演成一「失聯」的海島,?世人所遺忘。直至嘉靖(1522-1566)晚期,澎湖成?倭、盜入犯內地的集結處後,才再度引起明政府的關心和注意,而派遣水軍兵船前往汛防,亦讓澎湖歷史發展方向有了重大的轉折;尤其是,經隆慶(1567-1572),再到萬曆(1573-1620)初期,澎湖倭、盜和私販巢據的問題有逐次惡化的趨勢,此又更加地增強明政府在澎湖戍防的決心,進而影響到萬曆中期澎湖遊兵的設立。而上述的這些事件,連帶使得泉州海防佈署重心發生了挪動,由金門移到澎湖,讓明代中國的海防線因澎湖的置兵而「跨越」過臺灣海峽,向東邁進了一大步。

Kin-Men and Peng-Hu Islands are two essential islands of the Fu-Jian coastal area. During the reign of Hong-Wu, 1368 AD to 1398 AD, the Ming government established a police and military force on Kin-Men Island, and stationed the navel vessels in Liao-Luo Bay, Kin-Men to defend the territorial waters. However, the Ming government abandoned its governance over Peng-Hu, which is isolated in the sea, and forced the people on Peng-Hu Island to move back to the mainland. In the later period of the reign of Jia-Jing, 1522 AD to 1566 AD, when Peng-Hu became the gathering place of pirates before they made incursions, the Ming government started to pay more attention to Peng-Hu. This was the turning point of the development of Peng-Hu, which caused the establishment of the Peng-Hu Armada in the middle period of the reign of Wan-Li, 1573 AD to 1620 AD. Besides, this event also led to the transfer of the coastal defense of Quan-Zhou area from Kin-Men to Peng-Hu Islands and moving the navel defense line to the Taiwan Strait.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/74844
Appears in Collections:第44期
文學院

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