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標題: 清領時期吳德功儒學價值觀念的形成
作者: 林美秀
關鍵字: Wu Te-Kung;吳德功;Taiwan Confucianism;Causeries on Poetry in Juei Tao Chamber;Poetry Anthology in Juei Tao Chamber;臺灣儒學;瑞桃齋詩話;瑞桃齋詩稿
出版社: 臺中市:國立中興大學文學院
Project: 興大人文學報, Volume 44, Page(s) 111-138.
In the Qing Dynasty, the cultural pattern in Taiwan was a replica of that in Central China. Using the concept of benevolence and the personality paradigm as core values, emigrants to Taiwan systematically transplanted the cultural paradigm of Central China to that island through the back and forth interaction of travelers and the mechanism of an official educational system. As a result, Wu Te-Kung, influenced by the scholarship of the late Qing Dynasty, adopted a Confucianism philosophy whose outlook on life is pragmatic and altruistic in nature. His style of Confucianism reconciled Zhu Tzu's line of thoughts and that of Lu Xiang Shan. Wu's Confucianism equally emphasized the aspects of meanings and logic, textual research, and chapter discourse, converging the three under the unifying title of Sinology. However, the emigrant settlers in Taiwan, when facing the challenge of cultivating more lands for space, developed a set of pragmatic characteristics underlying that of an oceanic culture. Bringing Zhu Tzu's scholarship to their homeland, settlers in Taiwan emphasized how to fulfill ethics to their everyday lives. Their efforts in putting Chinese Confucianism to practical use won them the recognition of Lan Yuan Din, a meritorious strategist who planned the settlement of Taiwan. The settlers' emphasis on ethical actualization without heeding the issue of moral metaphysics too much embodied a local variation of Chinese traditional culture in Taiwan. As a cultural variant, Taiwan Confucianism manifests itself in various dimensions such as religious beliefs, filial piety, imperial examination, scholarly honor, geomancy, and the transmigration of souls. Settlers' endeavors to advance scholarship and morality, as well as to seek officialdom through imperial examination, entangled Taiwan Confucianism with a streak of Wen-Chang belief. Imbued with the Confucian logic of thoughts underlying self-discipline, Taiwan Confucianism has been infused with redemption beliefs endemic to the utilitarianism of Taoism and other folk religions as well as to the philistinism of Confucianism. These phenomena explain the formation of Taiwan Confucianism as a result of the grass-root Confucian disciples engrossed in seeking officialdom through imperial examinations from the basic level upwards.

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