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標題: 日治公學校國語教科書裡的性別操演
作者: 鄭昱蘋
關鍵字: 底層女性;Females at the bottom social level;公學校;性別操演;殖民話語;國語教科書;Public schools;Gender performativity;Words of colonizers;Textbook
出版社: 臺中市:國立中興大學文學院
Project: 興大人文學報, Volume 46, Page(s) 95-126.
Under grand discourses of nation, race, and patriarchy, Taiwanese females living in the Japanese colonial era were rendered as the people at the bottom social level under the triple-class consciousness. The author observes teaching material in the fifth issue of the textbook of Mandarin-which was used in public schools where Han people studied. Based on the teaching material, she analyzes how in the history of that colonization period, the Japanese colonial master, through the knowledge discourse of the public authority, performed the stereotype that males acted towards females.The content of the teaching material where gender was used as a topic implies that the male colonial masters deepened the gender stereotype on the land. Japanese males and females who were chosen as a part of the content of the text were apotheosized and glorified by the editor, and the imperialist used them as the colonial consciousness that was pure, delicate, grand, and noble in terms of gender, race, and nation. On the other hand, Taiwanese males were at the bottom social level and were laborers of the colony, having to work hard for the economic industries of the empire.Taiwanese females were the people at the lowest social level of the colony, and from the words of the colonizers, they were trapped in their families and imprisoned in stale and old-fashioned thoughts-they settled, resigned to fate, and followed three rules about females' acts towards males and wifely virtue. Male colonial masters used the public power for creating a legalized discourse of female myths, and by means of education, they made Taiwanese school kids turn their dependence and trust towards their mothers to the recognition of the nation, Japan, as well as reminding children to like and show filial obedience for their mothers by means of their attachments towards the mothers. The Japanese males, as a result of carrying out their methods towards Taiwanese children, felt that the children should listen to their mothers by being laborers of the contemporary industries of the Great Empire of Japan, and patriots who pledged loyalty to the emperor of Japan.The editor performed the gender issue through the use of four types of characters: Japanese males and females and Taiwanese males and females. It is apparent that both recipients (males and females) and the designer of the teaching material of the public schools (male) were passively accepting the gender society constructed by the patriarchy when they confronted the teaching material that males were taken as the principal figures in the society. It is simply that the gender stereotype imprinted with symbols of the patriarchy was merely re-deepened in Taiwanese girls and boys when this group of Taiwanese girls and boys read the text that centered thoughts on patriarchy.

Appears in Collections:第46期

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