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Block-Layout Design Using MAX-MIN Ant System for Saving Energy on Mass Rapid Transit System
|關鍵字:||rapid transit system;捷運系統;fixed-block signaling system;energy consumption;Max-Min Ant System;固定閉塞區間號誌系統;耗能;最大-最小螞蟻系統||出版社:||電機工程學系所||引用:|| H.H. Hoang et al, “Reducing Energy Consumption through Trajectory Optimization for a Metro Network,” IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, Vol. 20, No. 5, pp. 590-595, October 1975.  B. Szabados and U. Schaible, “Peak Power Bi-directional Transfer from High Speed Flywheel to Electrical Regulated Bus Voltage System: A Practical Proposal for Vehicular Technology,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 34-41, March 1998.  S.P. Gordon and D.G. Lehrer, “Coordinated Train Control and Energy Management Control Strategies,” Proceedings of the 1998 ASME/IEEE Joint Railroad Conference, pp. 165-176, April 1998.  L.A.M.V. Dongen and J.H. Schuit, “Energy-Efficient Driving Patterns in Electric Railway Traction,” International Conference on Main Line Railway Electrification, pp. 154-158, September 1989.  S.N. Talukdar and R.L. 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This thesis presents a method of block-layout design between successive stations for saving energy under the framework of the fixed-block signaling system and the equi-block principle on mass rapid transit systems. The main factors that affect the energy consumption of train operation in the journey are the alignment gradient and train-speed trajectory. At the same time, the block-layout and speed code need to be determined under the restrictions of average speed and headway for service quality.
First, the problem of minimizing energy consumption between successive stations is represented to the combinatorial optimization problem in this thesis. Second, the train-speed trajectory for saving energy is optimized by the max-min ant system of ant colony optimization algorithms. Third, the block-layout is designed in accordance with the shortest block length under the equi-block principle. Finally, the feasibility and benefit are verified via simulations, analyses and discussions.
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