Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/75871
標題: 加入WTO後水稻育苗中心營運調查研究
作者: Hung-I Liu
劉虹宜
Chung-The Sheng
盛中德
關鍵字: Rice seedling center;WTO;Practice;水稻育苗中心;營運調查
出版社: 臺中巿: 國立中興大學農學院
Project: 農林學報, Volume 51, Issue 4, Page(s) 31-45.
摘要: 
"Rice is the main food in Taiwan. Following the change of diet habit, the consumption of rice is decreasing yearly. On the other hand, Taiwan has formally entered WTO, and the domestic rice market must open to the world. The open of domestic rice market will significantly affect the rice production locally. At the same time, the rice seedling business will be forced to be shrinkage. After opening the domestic rice market, local rice production won't be able to compete with imported rice, because of the production cost too high and scale to small. Therefore, the object of this study is to fully discover the practice situation of rice seedling centers in Taiwan by running a survey to fully gather and analyze the data and information.
The result of survey shows that the outputs of 82.65% of centers are decreasing yearly. The average decrement is 10%, and the worst situation can be 25%. But there are still few of centers of which outputs increase. The factors of output decrement are: the decrement of rice production field (35%), more competition among rice seedling centers (24%), the decrement of self production capability (15%), the facilities too old, lack of labor, labor aging, and etc. The factors of output increment are: the improvement of production technique and automatic equipment (48.26%), the increment of demand (38.61%), less competitors (9.65%), the improvement of seedling quality (3.48%), and etc. Due to the differences of rice production environment, economic structure, and business structure among four districts, the influence of imported rice to different districts does differ significantly. The influences on central and southern districts arc heavy, and the eastern district will be affected in the medium level, and there will be the least influence to the northern district."

"稻米為國人主食,隨著膳食結構的改變,米食消費量已逐年降低,另外我國巳正式加入WTO,稻米將開放進口,對稻米產業的影響極大,育苗中心營運面臨嚴峻的考驗,市場開放後國產稻米將因生產成本過高、規模過小而失去競爭力。因此本研究乃針對目前國內尚營運的育苗中心進行調查,以了解目前國內育苗中心的可實際營運狀況。
調查結果顯示:有83.65%的育苗中心產量逐年減少,減少的量平均約在10%左右,嚴重的達到25%之多,少數業者則產量反而增加,產量減少的原因包括:供應稻作面積減少(佔35%)、競爭日趨嚴重(佔24%)本身產能減少(佔15%)及其他如設備老舊產能降低、勞動力嚴重老化等佔26%。產能增加的原因則包括:生產技術提高與自動化程度提高佔(佔48.26%),需求量增加(38.61%),競爭者減少(佔9.65%),其他如種苗品質改善等佔3.48%。由於四區域的水稻栽培環境、整體經濟結構與產業經營型態有很大的不同,因此各地區對稻米市場開放後所受到的影響亦有顯著差異,其中以中南部地區所受影響最大,其次為東部地區,而對北部的影響最小。"
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/75871
Appears in Collections:第51卷 第04期
農業暨自然資源學院

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