Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7636
標題: ㄧ種高效率電動機車電能控制器
An Efficient Energy Managing Controller for Electrical Scooters
作者: 陳啟杉
Chen, Chi-Shan
關鍵字: electric scooter;電動機車;phase-lead;energy recycle;相位超前;能量回收
出版社: 電機工程學系所
引用: 參考文獻 [1] 尤如瑾,“我國電動機車市場概況”,行政院 環保署/工研院機械所IIS計畫整理,1999。 [2] 賀力行,李陳國,“台灣電動機車產業發展與競爭策略之分析”,經濟情勢暨評論季刊-第五卷第一期( 88年06月)。 [3] 揚明哲,“無感測直流無刷馬達驅動器研製”,國立中興大學電機工程學系,碩士論文,中華民國九十二年六月。 [4] 詹晉榮,“直流無刷馬達驅動系統實務設計”,大葉大學電機工程學系,碩士論文,國九十二年六月。 [5] 王景弘,“無量測器直流無刷馬達控制與模擬”,國立台灣科技大學電機工程系,碩士論文,中華民國九十四年五月。 [6] 曾佑民,“無量測器直流無刷馬達控制之FPGA設計與製作”,國立台灣科技大學電機工程系,碩士論文,中華民國九十四年五月。 [7] 鄭光耀,“無刷直流馬達無感測控制方法之研究與DSP實現技術之發展”,國立交通大學,博士論文,中華民國九十二年十月。 [8] A. Affanni, A. Bellini, G. Franceschini, P. Guglielmi, and C. Tassoni, “Battery Choice and Management for New-Generation Electric Vehicles,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 1343-1349, 2005. [9] M. Ceraolo, A. Caleo, P. Capozzella, M. Marcacci, L. Carmignani, and A. Pallottini, “A Parallel-Hybrid Drive-Train for Propulsion of a Small Scooter,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 768-778, 2006. [10] J. S. Won, R. Langari, and M. Ehsani, “An Energy Management and Charge Sustaining Strategy for a Parallel Hybrid Vehicle With CVT,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 313-320, 2005. [11] P. Pisu, K. Koprubasi and G. Rizzoni, “Energy Management and Drivability Control Problems for Hybrid Electric Vehicles,” Proc. of the 44th IEEE Conf. on Decision and Control, and the European Control, Seville, Spain, pp.1824-1830, 2005. [12] A. Sciarretta, M. Back, and L. Guzzella, “Optimal Control of Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicles,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 352-363, 2004. [13] S. H. Hsu, D. W. Hsu, L. C. Fu and Y. P. Hsu, “Novel Integrated Management System Design of Electric Motorcycles,” Proc. of the 2004 American Control Conf., Boston, Massachusetts, pp. 2784-2788, 2004. [14] A. Nasiri, V.S. Rimmalapudi, A. Emadi, D.J. Chmielewski and S. Al-Hallaj, “Active control of a hybrid fuel cell-battery system,” Power Electronics and Motion Control Conf., Vol 2, no. 14-16, pp. 491-496, 2004. [15] R. Rizzo and L. Piegari “An integrated control strategy for electric road vehicles equipped with fuel cells,” Conf. Proc. Power Tech, Vol 4, no.5, pp. 23-26, 2003. [16] 張佳祺,“超高電容器在蓄電池及燃料電池電動機車混成能源系統上的應用”,輔仁大學電子工程學系,碩士論文,中華民國九十二年九月。 [17]
摘要: 
本論文的研究目的在改進電動機車的性能及效能,在性能的提升方面,主要以增加車速為目的,本論文使用數位控制器強大運算能力,再配合所製作的週邊電路,透過撰寫程式達到速度控制目的。馬達運轉於額定轉速之下,速度控制係以速度回授控制加上PI控制器,確保馬達轉速能跟上速度命令。而馬達運轉於額定轉速之上,由於馬達反電動勢的關係,使得速度無法有效提升,因此在本論文中加入相位超前控制方法,也稱為弱磁控制,在速度回授控制下,抵消反電動勢的作用,而補償速度迴授的誤差,使得速度能提升。本論文針對超前角度的控制,先由實驗得出速度與角度相關數據,利用多項式最小平方法將這些數據由一多項式表示,並加入程式中,使得馬達運轉於額定轉速之上。本論文所使用方法與固定超前角方法比較,本方法除了可以提升馬達速度之外,並且較固定超前角度方式省電。
另一方面,本論文也設計一能量回收電路,它依據電動機車行車狀況,進行電能回充,以增加機車的續航力及煞車力。本研究提出兩個方法,一是新增一充電電路,建立一回充路徑,機車滑行時,將馬達產生的能量回送至電池,以進行充電;其二,依使用者緊急煞車的狀況,新增多條電能洩放路徑,洩放至新增加的功率電阻上,消耗馬達所產生的能量,亦即電子煞車,煞車一開始會與手動煞車一起作用,待煞車至某一種程度,停止電子煞車。為因應騎士各種操作狀態,在電路中加入各種回授信號的處理並進行邏輯判斷,以控制充電率。

The thesis proposes an efficient energy managing control system for electrical scooters where consists of a phase-lead motor driver and an energy recycling controller. The proposed idea is implemented in a real-world case which is electronic circuit-based without resorting to complicated computation and hence avoid the need of coding and designing computerized hardware. Functionally, the EMC detects the braking status and efficiently recharge the battery using the back EMF from the motor to maximize the scooter's traveling endurance and enhance braking performance. It has two key functions: (i) it keeps monitoring the voltage across the battery, battery's capacity, and ambient temperature to determine a preferable charging mode for the constant current or voltage charge (dependent on which one may offer better charging efficiency); (ii) it keeps identifying the braking status by checking the change rate of wheel speed; the electronic brake activates when the scooter is sliding on the flat road or moving down slope. Performance improvement with respect to the vehicle without EMC is verified via on-road riding tests.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/7636
其他識別: U0005-2307200710430800
Appears in Collections:電機工程學系所

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