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Design of small Chip-Area Balun in CMOS Technology
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This thesis includes five topics. Firstly, the stacked Balun structure will be addressed. The measurement shows that the stacked Balun structure not only improvements the coupling coefficient with 58% but also saves layout area with 80% comparing with planar structure. Therefore, the high coupling and low cost of Balun is achieved in CMOS technology. Afterward, the stacked Baluns with different coil width are designed to investigate the performance. Measurement shows that the wide metal coil is suitable to be operated at low frequency and the narrow one is suitable to be operated at high frequency.
The Balun is designed for the high coupling and the high turn number ratio is depicted in the third topic. The range of turn number ratio is from 1:0.6:0.6 to 1:2.6:2.6 by compared with traditional Balun . The proposed device decreases the chip area with 90%. The stacked symmetry would be discussed in the fourth topic, this structure is bilateral symmetry. It is easier to design that the phase and amplitude imbalance. The phase and amplitude imbalance are small than 0.5 degree and 0.4 dB, respective. Based on proposed structure, the multi-turn layout is implemented to obtain high turn number ratio and high coupling coefficient in the future work.
Finally, the design of the coil width is addressed to get the minimum resistance. It improves the quality factor of transformer by keeping the same self inductance. The measurement results show that the improvement of metal resistance approximates to the value of 12%.
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