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A new Family of Wavelength-Time Codes for Fiber-Optic CDMA Systems
|關鍵字:||波長時間碼;wavelength-time;光纖分碼多工;O-CDMA||出版社:||電機工程學系所||引用:|| L.Tančevski and I.Andonovic, “Hybrid wavelength hopping/time spreading schemes for use in massive optical networks with increased security,” J. Llightwave Technol , vol.14, no. 12, pp. 2636-2647, Dec. 1996.  G.-C. Yang and W.C. Kwong, “Performance comparison of multiwavelength CDMA and WDMA+CDMA for fiber-optic networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 45, no. 11, pp. 1426-1434, Nov. 1997  G.-C. Yang and W.C. Kwong, Prime Codes With Applications to CDMA Optical and Wireless Networks, Artech House, Norwood, MA, 2002  R.M.H Yim, L.R. Chen, and J. Bajcsy, “Design and performance of 2D codes for wavelength-time optical CDMA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.14, no. 5, pp. 714-716, May 2002.  W.C. Kwong, G.-C. Yang, V. Baby, C.-S. Brès, and P.R. Prucnal, “Multiple-wavelength optical orthogonal codes under prime-sequence permutation for ptical CDMA,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 117-123, Jan 2005.  L. Tančevski and I. Andonovic, “Wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,” Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 17, pp. 1388-1390, Aug. 1994.S. P. Wan and Y. Hu, “Two-dimensional optical CDMA differential system with prime/OOC codes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 12, pp.1373-1375, Dec. 2001.  H. Fathallah, L.A. Rusch, and S. Laroschelle, “Passive optical fast frequency- hop CDMA communication system,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, pp. 397-405, Mar 1999.  L. R. Chen, “Flexible fiber Bragg grating encoder/decoder for hybrid wavelength-time optical CDMA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp 1233-1235, Nov. 2001.  P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. Richardson, “A comparative study of the performance of seven- and 63- chip optical code-division multiple- access encoder and decoder based on the superstructured fiber Bragg grating,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 19, pp. 1352-1365, Sep. 2001.  J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. Richardson, “A grating-based OCDMA coding-decoding system incorporating a nonlinear optical loop mirror for improved code recognition and noise reduction ,” Lighthwave Technol., vol. 20, pp. 36-46, Jan. 2002.  S. Yegnanarayanan, A. S. Bhushan, B. Jalali, “Fast wavelength-hopping time-spreading encoding/decoding for optical CDMA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 573-576, May 2000.  K. Yu, J. shin, and N. Park, “Wavelength-time spreading optical CDMA system using wavelength multiplexers and mirrors fiber delay lines, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12,pp. 1278-1280, Sep. 2000.  F.R.K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, and V.K. Wei, “Optical orthogonal codes Design, Analysis, and applications,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 594-604, May 1983.  G.-C. Yang and T. Fuja, “Optical orthogonal codes with unequal auto- and cross-correlation constraints,” IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 96-106, Jan. 1995.  G.-C. Yang, “Some new families of optical orthogonal codes for code division multiple-acess fiber-optic network ,” IEEE Proc. Commun.., vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 363-367, Dec. 1995.  J.-H. Tien, G-.C. Yang, C.-Y. Chang and W.C. Kwong, “Design and analysis of 2-D code with the maxium cross- correlation value of two for optical CDMA,” to appear in J. Lightwave Technol.  J.-J. Chen and G.-C. Yang, “CDMA fiber-optic systems with optical hard limiters,” Lighthwave Technol., vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 950-958, Jul. 2001.  J. A. Salehi and C. A. Brackett, “Code division multiple-axess techniques in optical fiber networks-part II: system performance analysis,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 834-842, Aug. 1989.  M. Azizoglu, J. Sslehi, and Y. Li, “Optical CDMA via temporal codes,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 1162-1170, July 1992.  H. M. Kwon, “Optical orthogonal code-division multiple-access system-Part I: APD noise and thermal noise,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 42, no. 7, pp. 2470-2479, July 1994.  H. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with light. New York :Academic, 1985.  J. Jwell, M. Rushford, and H. Gibbs, “Use of a single nonlinear Fabry-Perot etalon as optical logic gates,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 44, no.2, pp. 172-174, Jan. 1984.  J.-H Wu and J. Wu, “Synchronous fiber-optic CDMA using hard-limiter and BCH codes,” Lighthwave Technol., vol. 13, pp. 1169-1176, June. 1995.  C.-C. Hsu and G.-C. Yang, and W.C. Kwong, “Hard-limiting performance analysis of 2-D optical codes under the chip-asynchronous assumption,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 56, no. 56, pp. 762-768, May 2008.  G.-C. Yang and W.C. Kwong, “Two-dimensional spatial signature patterns,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 184-191, Feb. 1996.||摘要:||
In this thesis, a new family of wavelength-time codes, which is based on one-dimensional optical orthogonal codes (1D OOCs) of cross-correlation functions of at most two, is proposed. By relaxing the maximum cross-correlation values to two, the new two-dimensional (2D) codes provide larger code cardinality for accommodating more subscribers and support heavier code weight for better code performance. The traditional chip-synchronous assumption used in the analyses of optical codes gives a pessimistic performance upper bound, while the newer chip-asynchronous assumption offers a more accurate performance. The performance of the new 2D codes is here analyzed under both assumptions for comparison. Under certain conditions, our results show that the new wavelength-time codes outperform our recently reported multiple-wavelength OOCs and 2D codes, which were based 1D OOCs of cross-correlation functions of at most one and two, respectively.
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