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標題: 印度西太平洋招潮蟹的胃磨結構之初步探討
A Preliminary Study on the Gastric Mills of Indo-West Pacific Fiddler Crabs
作者: 劉乃銀
Liu, Nai-Yin
關鍵字: 招潮蟹;fiddler crabs;胃磨結構;亞屬;分類特徵;gastric mill;subgenera;taxonomic characters
出版社: 生命科學院碩士在職專班
引用: 楊思諒, 1986。胃磨結構在蟹類分類研究上的意義 (甲殼綱:歪尾派) 。動物分類學報11: 151-159。 黃萍, 2010。淡水蟹類胃磨形態結构特征及其在分類中的初步研究。南昌大學基礎醫學院病源生物學研究所碩士學位論文。 陳少華, 2012。 Sinopotamon wanzaiense胃磨形態發育研究及其在分類上的意義。 南昌大學基礎醫學院病源生物學研究所碩士學位論文。 Beinlich B. & von Hagen H.O. (2006) Materials for a more stable subdivision of the genus Uca Leach. Zoologische Mededelingen, 80 (2), 9–32. Brosing, A. (2010) Recent developments on the morphology of the brachyuran foregut ossicles and gastric teeth. Zootaxa, 2510: 1–44. Crane J. (1975) Fiddler Crabs of the World. Ocypodidae: Genus Uca. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, i–xxiii + 736 pp. Levinton, J., C. Sturmbauer & J. Christy, 1996. Molecular data and biogeography: resolution of a controversyover evolutionary history of a pan-tropical group of invertebrates. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 203: 117-131. Lewinsohn C. (1977) Die Ocypodidae des Roten Meeres (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura). Zoologische Verhandelingen, 152, 45–84. Naderloo, R., M. Turkay, and H.-L. Chen. 2010. Taxonomic revision of the wide-front fiddler crabs of the Uca lactea group (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Ocypodidae) in the Indo-West Pacific. Zootaxa 2500:1-38. Ng, P. K. L., D. Guinot, and P. J. F. Davie. 2008. Systema Brachyurorum: Part I. An annotated checklist of extant brachyuran crabs of the world. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 17:240–243. Rosenberg, M. S. 2001. The systematics and taxonomy of fiddler crabs: A phylogeny of the genus Uca. Journal of Crustacean Biology 21: 839-869. Shih, H.-T. 1994. Fiddler Crabs Kaohsiung, Taiwan: National Museum of Marine Biology/Aquarium. Shih, H.-T, Kamrani E., Davie P.J.F & Liu M.Y. (2009) Genetic evidence for the recognition of two fiddler crabs, Ucairanica and U. albimana (Crustacea: Brachyura: Ocypodidae), from the northwestern Indian Ocean, with notes on the U. lactea species-complex. Hydrobiologia, 635, 373–382. Shih, H.-T, Mok H.-K, Chang, H.-W & Lee S.-C. (1999) Morphology of Uca formosensis Rathbun, 1921 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Ocypodidae), an endemic fiddler crab from Taiwan, with notes on its ecology. Zoological Studies, 38(2), 164–177. Shih, H.-T., T. Naruse, and P.K.L. Ng. 2010. Uca jocelynae sp. nov., a new species of fiddler crab (Crustacea: Brachyura: Ocypodidae) from the Western Pacific. Zootaxa2337:47-62. Shih, H.-T., P.K.L. Ng, K.J.H. Wong, and B.K.K. Chan. 2012. Gelasimus splendidus Stimpson, 1858 (Crustacea: Brachyura: Ocypodidae), a valid species of fiddler crab from the northern South China Sea and Taiwan Strait. Zootaxa 3490:30-47. Shih, H.-T., P.K.L. Ng, & M.-Y. Liu,2013. Systematics of the Indo-West Pacific broad-fronted fiddler crabs (Crustacea: Ocypodidae: genus Uca). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 61(2): 1–9. Spivak, E. D. & J. A. Cuesta, 2009. The effect of salinity on larvaldevelopment of Uca tangeri (Eydoux, 1835) (Brachyura:Ocypodidae) and new fi ndings of the zoeal morphology. ScientiaMarina, 73: 297–305. von Hagen, H.-O., and D.S. Jones. 1989. The fiddler crabs (Ocypodidae: Uca) of Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences 6(1):55-68.
本研究擬探討招潮蟹之胃磨結構在不同的亞屬間及種間的差異程度, 以及此特徵是否可作為招潮蟹分類的有用特徵。本研究以印度西太平洋招潮蟹為材料, 包含Australuca、Austruca、Cranuca、Gelasimus、Paraleptuca、Tubuca 等亞屬之物種, 以印度西太平洋以外地區之招潮蟹與其他沙蟹總科螃蟹作為比較群。觀察並描述各群蟹類胃的尾賁門骨形態。結果顯示尾賁門骨形態在屬間的差異特別明顯。亞屬間與種間則有不同程度的差異, 如除了 U. lactea 外, Austruca 亞屬 U. lactea complex 的成員均有類似之胃磨。種內差異方面, U. perplexa 與 U. formosensis 不同個體之間, 其胃磨仍相當相似。本研究建議胃磨中的尾賁門骨結構形態在特定部分亞屬、物種可當作的分類依據。

This study focused on the degree of diffence in gastric mills of fiddler crabs among and within subgenera and species, and whether these characters can be used for the taxonomy of fiddler crabs. The specimens used were collected from Indo-West Pacific region, including the subgenera Australuca, Austruca, Cranuca, Gelasimus, Paraleptuca and Tubuca. Other specimens of fiddler crabs outside the Indo-West Pacific, and other genera of the superfamily Ocypodoidea, were used for comparison. The morphology of urocardiac ossicle of stomach of these crabs was examined and described. The results showed that the urocardiac ossicles are very different among genera of the superfamily Ocypodoidea. There are various degrees of morphological differences among subgenera and species of Uca. For example, all species of the U. lactea-complex of Austruca, except U. lactea, have similar morphology of gastric mills. Regarding the difference within a species, different individuals within U. perplexa or U. formosensis still have similar gastric mills. It is suggested that the morphology of urocardiac ossicle of gastric mill should be useful in classification of some groups (subgenera and species) of Indo-West Pacific fiddler crabs.
其他識別: U0005-2608201308430900
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