Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/81152
標題: 毒餌對棕帶蟑螂之防治效能
Efficacy of Insecticidal Baits to the Brown-banded Cockroach , Supella longipalpa(Fabricius), (Blattaria:Blattellidae)
作者: 黃彥勛
Huang, Yan-Hsun
關鍵字: 棕帶蟑螂;brown-banded cockroach (Supella longipalpa);蟑螂餌劑;凝膠餌劑;致死效果;cockroach bait;gel bait;killing effect
出版社: 生命科學院碩士在職專班
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摘要: 
蟑螂為居家環境之重要衛生害蟲。從臺灣南部到北部都有分布的棕帶蟑螂(Supella longipalpa (Fabricius))近年來其發生有日漸嚴重之勢,但臺灣針對此種蟑螂之相關研究甚少。本研究選擇17種環保署核可之防治蟑螂餌劑及凝膠餌劑,在28℃定溫環境下,針對棕帶蟑螂成蟲與若蟲分別進行藥效測試。同時比較食物存在對毒餌殺蟑效果之影響,以找出防治棕帶蟑螂較有效的毒餌產品與施藥方式。
以棕帶蟑螂死亡率做為評論指標,使用SPSS 12.0中文版軟體進行統計分析,結果顯示,不同毒餌成分對棕帶蟑螂殺蟑效果不同。其中以陶斯松(chlorpyrifos)、因得克(indoxacarb)、益達胺(imidacloprid)、芬普尼(fipronil)等成分的毒餌效果較佳,而硼酸(boric acid)效果較差。由陶斯松與愛美松(hydramethylnon)進一步分析結果顯示,餌劑與凝膠餌劑之殺蟑效果差異不顯著。不同產品類別殺蟑結果顯示,無蟑道(陶斯松)、上黏必蟑螂螂愛S105(陶斯松)、等無螂蟑螂凝膠餌劑(陶斯松)、蟑愛呷藥膏(陶斯松)、威靈凝膠餌劑(陶斯松)、上黏螂螂愛(S102)凝膠餌劑(陶斯松)、威滅滅蟑隊-s(愛美松)、威滅滅蟑凝膠餌劑-s(愛美松)、一點絕2%凝膠餌劑(愛美松)、拜沛達蟑螂凝膠型餌劑(益達胺)等對棕帶蟑螂殺蟑效果不受食物存在影響,其中以上黏螂螂愛(S102)凝膠餌劑(陶斯松)之殺蟑效果最佳。不同毒餌成分與產品類別對成蟲的毒殺效果明顯高於若蟲。食物對所有產品殺蟑效果之影響,以不提供食物只有毒餌的組別蟑螂死亡率最高,此顯示於蟑螂防治前先清除食物來源,可得更佳防治成效,符合綜合害蟲管制(integrated pest management)的理念。
本研究結果顯示,同時選擇對棕帶蟑螂較有效之毒餌成分產品加上清除食物來源,對棕帶蟑螂防治效率可顯著提升。故本研究結果可作為棕帶蟑螂綜合害蟲管制之參考,以有效杜絕其危害。

Cockroaches, carrying a variety of pathogens, cause domestic environmental health problems. The brown-banded cockroach (Supella longipalpa (Fabricius)) distributed from southern to northern Taiwan has been categorized as the household pests in recent years. The related researches about this kind of cockroaches are few in Taiwan. This study mainly focused on the commercially available cockroach baits, choosing 17 kinds of insecticidal baits and gel baits, all approved by EPA, to test the efficacy for adult and nymph brown-banded cockroaches, at 28 ℃ in the growth chamber. Meanwhile, we also compared the existence of food to see if it would affect the killing effect of cockroach baits in order to identify more effective bait products and application methods in cockroach prevention and control programs.
This study used the Chinese version of the software SPSS 12.0 for the statistical analysis. The results of the killing effect for the brown-banded cockroach among different active ingredients were different significantly. The effects of chlorpyrifos, indoxacarb, imidacloprid, and fipronil bait were better, but that of boric acid was less effective. From further analysis the result of chlorpyrifos and hydramethylnon showed that there was not different significantly between the bait and the gel bait. The results showed that the existence of food made no difference to the effect of killing the brown-banded cockroach, among Wo-zhang-dow (chlorpyrifos), Chlorpyrifos S105 (chlorpyrifos), Don-wo-lang cockroach gel bait (chlorpyrifos), Clean bait (chlorpyrifos), Vita-bait (chlorpyrifos), Chlorpyrifos S102 (chlorpyrifos), Combat silver roach (hydramethylnon), Wei-mie- Miezhang gel bait-s (hydramethylnon), Siege*2% gel (hydramethylnon), and Premise Cockroach Bait (imidacloprid). Among all, Chlorpyrifos S102 (chlorpyrifos) showed the best effect. All the chosen cockroach killers had much better effect on adult cockroaches than nymphs. The treatment group with bait and without food got the highest mortality. It meant removing food sources before taking a control measure could get better control effectiveness, which would fit the concept of the integrated pest management.
The results of this study showed that by choosing the products with more effective bait ingredients and removing food sources at the same time could significantly improve the efficiency of cockroach control. Therefore, the results could be used as a basis for the integrated pest management of the brown-banded cockroach.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/81152
其他識別: U0005-1807201221511700
Appears in Collections:生命科學院

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