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RF Receiver Frond-end Circuits with a Integrated Transformer Technique
|關鍵字:||壓控振盪器;vco;低雜訊放大器;變壓器;lna;transformer||出版社:||電機工程學系所||引用:|| B. Razavi, RF Microelectronics, Prentice Hall, 1998.  Y. Tsividis, Operation and Modeling of the MOS Transistor, 2nd ed., Boston: McGraw-Hill, 1999.  K. L. Fong, R. G. Meyer, “Monolithic RF active mixer design,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems-II Analog and Digital Signal Processing, vol. 46, no. 3, March 1999.  A. Zolfaghari, B. Razavi, “A low-power 2.4-GHz transmitter/receiver CMOS IC,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 38, pp. 176-183, Feb. 2003.  C. Patrick and S. S. Wong, “On-Chip Spiral Inductors with Patterned Ground Shields for Si-Based RF IC's,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 33, pp. 743-752, MAY 1998.  Y.-T. Chang, “A GFSK Modulator by Using a Fractional-N Frequency Synthesizer”, M. S. thesis, National Taiwan University, 2003.  D. B. Leeson, “A simple model of feedback oscillator noise spectrum,” in Proc. IEEE, vol. 54, pp. 329-330, Feb. 1966.  J.J. Rael, A.A. 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This thesis describes the feasibility study of inductive varactor realized with integrated transformer and applies it in quadrature VCO and low noise amplifier circuits. There are three major parts in this thesis discussed in detail.
Firstly, the basic structures of the RF receiver and efficiency parameter are introduced and analysized, then are state the definition of the efficiency parameters of the receiver. Secondly, discussed the traditional LC VCO applied capacitive varactors and its disadvantages. The thesis proposed the concept of inductive varactor. The proposed structures employ integrated transformers as inductance with voltage-controlled value. The traditional approach of tuning the VCO oscillation frequency by capacitance variation would be sacrificed, and the proposed structure with induction variation will be applied to substitute for quadrature VCO and low noise amplifier.
The last part of all, the work presents the frequency synthesizer. The output frequency ranges from 2.3GHz to 2.6GHz. It consumes 13mW from a 1.8V power supply. The chip is implemented in 0.18μm CMOS technology with the die area 1.1mm×0.785mm.
|Appears in Collections:||電機工程學系所|
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