Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/8291
標題: 數位雷射列印系統之模式建立,分析與設計最佳化
Modeling, Analysis and Design Optimization for Digital Laser Printing Systems
作者: 翁精邦
Weng, Ching-Pang
關鍵字: Digital laser printing system;數位雷射列印系統;Modeling;Analysis;Desing optimization;模式建立;分析;設計最佳化
出版社: 電機工程學系所
引用: [1] R. M. Schaffert, Electrophotography, Halstead Press, New York, 1975. [2] K. Furukawa, K. Shiojima, H. Ishii and T. Ishikawa, “Discharge Characteristics and OPC-drum Charging Characteristics of Separated Saw-tooth Charging Device,” IS&T''s Tenth International Congress on Advances in Non-Impact Printing Technologies, pp. 34-37, 1994. [3] H. Kawamoto, “Ozone Generation in Corona Discharge at Pin Electrode of Electrophotographic Charger,” Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol.44, No.5, pp.452-456, 2000. [4] B. A. Lengyel, Introduction to Laser Physics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1966. [5] C.-L. Chen, G. T.-C. Chiu and Jan P. Allebach, “Banding Reduction in EP Processes Using Human Contrast Sensitivity Function Shaped Photoconductor Velocity Control,” Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol.47, No.3, pp.209-223, 2003. [6] P. S. Ramesh, “Simulating Digital Exposure of Xerographic Photoreceptors Using the Domain-Decomposition Method,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Application, Vol.42, No.2, pp.392-398, 2006. [7] S. Jeyadev and D. M. Pal, “Photoconductor Implications in Digital Electrophotography,” Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol.40, No.4, pp.327-333, 1996. [8] H. Sonnenberg, “Laser-Scanning Parameters and Latitudes in Laser Xerography, “Applied Optics, Vol. 21, No. 10, pp.1745-1751, 1982. [9] L. B. Schein, Electrophotography and Development Physics, Laplacian Press, California, 1996. [10] E. J. Gutman, R. S. Naumchick, J. Paxson and A. M. Webb, “Why Does the Tribo Value Appear to be Independent of Toner Concentration in some Two-component Electrophotographic Developers,” Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol.45, No.1, pp.43-52, 2001. [11] E. J. Gutman, M. L. Grande and R. N. Muller, “Comparison of Triboelectric Measurements of Two-component Xerographic Developers with the Continuous and Patchy Charge Models,” Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol.47, No.3, pp.229-238, 2003. [12] R. J. Nash, M. L. Grande and R. N. Muller, “CCA Effects on the Triboelectric Charging Properties of a Two-component Xerographic Developer,” Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol.46, No.4, pp.313-320, 2002. [13] R. Baur and H.-T. Macholdt, “Charge Control Agents and Triboelectrically-adjusted Pigments in Electrophotographic Toner,” Journal of Electrostatics, Vol.40-41, pp.621-626, 1997. [14] J. H. Anderson, “ Effects of Carbon Black on Toner Tribocharging in Two-component Electrophotographic Developers,” Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol.45, No.6, pp.529-536, 2001. [15] H. Mio, Y. Matsuoka, A. Shimosaka, Y. Shirakawa and J. Hidaka, “Analysis of Developing Behavior in Two Component Development System by Large Scale-discrete Element Method,” Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, Vol.39, No.11, pp.1137-1144, 2006. [16] H. Kawamoto, “Transport of Carriers in Magnetic Brush Development Process of Electrophotography,” Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol.40, No.2, pp.168-170, 1996. [17] J. Q. Feng and D.A. Hays, “Theory of Electric Field Detachment of Charged Toner Particles in Electrophotography,” Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol.44, No.1, pp.19 -25, 2000. [18] H. Fusayasu, H. Inoue, Y. Komatsu and Y. Sekine, “Analysis for Electrophotographic Process on Digital Copier,” IEEE Transaction on Magnetics, Vol.37, No.5, pp.3440-3443, 2001. [19] K. Ishii, M. Takahashi, H. Nagato, K. Higuchi, M. Hosoya and K. Komata, “2540 dpi Full Color Image Creation with a Liquid Electrophotography System,” IS&T''s NIP19: International Conference on Digital Printing Technologies, pp.9-12, 2003. [20] P. K. C. Pillai, R. C. Ahuja, S. K. Kaura and S. K. Agarwal, “Effect of Binder Content on the Surface Charge Characteristic of Hgl2:Cds Polystyrene Binder Layers,” Photographic Science and Engineering, Vol.20, No.1, pp.39-42, 1976. [21] S. Tsuchiya, A. Omote, M. Murakami and S. Yoshimura, “Positively Charged Monolayer Photoreceptor with H2-phthalocyanine,” Journal of Image Science and Technology, Vol.39, No.4, pp., 294-298, 1995. [22] M. Sasahara, H. Fukunaga and A. Ikeda, “Resolution Improvement on a-Si Photoreceptor Drums,” IS&T''s NIP14: International Conference on Digital Printing Technologies, pp.535-538, 1998. [23] T. Toyoshima, T. Iwamatsu, N. Azuma, S. Nishio and Y. Mutoh, “Optimization of the Image Profile Transform in High Resolution Electrophotography,” IS&T''s NIP16: International Conference on Digital Printing Technologies, pp.303-306, 2000. [24] R. Kohler, D. Giglberger and F. Bestenreiner, “Studies on Electorphoretic Developers for Pictorial Electrophotography,” Photographic Science and Engineering, Vol.22, No.4, pp.218-227, 1978. [25] S. Ahuja, “Flow of Particulates, Toners and Carriers in a Housing Cavity,” IS&T''s NIP23: International Conference on Digital Printing Technologies, pp.53-55, 2007. [26] K. B. Paxton, “Electrophotographic Systems Solid Area Response Model,” Photographic Science and Engineering, Vol.22, No.3, pp.159-164, 1978. [27] S. Rai and R. Rockwell, “Setpoint Determination of Printing Systems Using Multiobjective Optimization,” IS&T''s NIP16: International Conference on Digital Printing Technologies, pp.164-166, 2000. [28] H. Fujita, D.-Y. Tsai, T. Itoh, K. Doi, J. Morishita, K. Ueda and A. Ohtsuka, “A Simple Method for Determining the Modulation Transfer Function in Digital Radiography,” IEEE Transactions on Medical Image, Vol.44, No.1, pp.34-39, 1992. [29] R. L. Lamberts, Use of Sinusoidal Test Patterns for MTF Evaluation. [30] R. O. Gappinger, J. E. Greivenkamp and C. Borman, “High-modulation Camera for Use with a Non-null Interferometer,” Optical Engineering, Vol.43, No.3, pp.689-696, 2004. [31] M. Zaja and A. Persin, “Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Measurement of Thermal Imaging System from the Edge Response Function,” Optical Engineering, Vol. 22, No. 6, pp.743-745, 1983. [32] P. Madhav, C. N. Brzymialkiewicz, S. J. Cutler, J. E. Bowsher and M. P. Tornai, “Characterizing the MTF in 3D for a Quantized SPECT Camera Having Arbitrary Trajectories,” IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record-Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, Vol.3, pp.1722-1726, 2005. [33] J. Primot, M. Girard and M. Chambon, “Modulation Transfer Function Assessment for Sampled Imaging Systems: A Generalization of the Line Spread Function,” Journal of Modern Optics, Vol. 41, No. 7, pp.1301-1306, 1994. [34] W. Jang and Jan P. Allebach, “Characterization of printer MTF,” Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 264-175, 2006. [35] How Scanners Work, http://computer.howstuffworks.com/ [36] Roy S. Berns, Principles of Color Technology, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2000. [37] KODAK Color Separation Guides. [38] E. M. Williams, The Physics and Technology of Xerographic Processes, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1984. [39] D. McMutry, M. Tinghitella and R. Svendsen, “Technology of the IBM 3800 Printing Subsystem Model 3”, IBM Journal of Research and Development, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp.257-262, 1984. [40] L. B. Schein, K. J. Fowler, G. Marshall and V. Ting, “Microscopic Theory of Magnetic Brush Development with Sponge Carrier,” Journal of Imaging Technology, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp.60-67, 1987. [41] C. Yamaguchi and M. Takeuchi, “Influence of Toner Particle Shape and Size on Electrophotographic Image Quality”, Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol.40, No.5, pp.436-440, 1996. [42] D. Kacker, T. Camis and Jan P. Allebach, “Electrophotographic Process Embedded in Direct Binary Search,” IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, Vol.11, No.3, pp.243-257, 2002. [43] User's Guide for Optimization Toolbox. The MathWorks. [44] K. Deb, Multi-objective Optimization using Evolutionary Algorithms, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2002. [45] A. Ravindran, K. M. Ragsdell and G. V. Reklaitis, Engineering Optimization Method and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey, 2006. [46] K. Deb and R. B. Agrawal, Simulated Binary Crossover for Continuous Search Space, Technical Reports, Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology, 1994. [47] S. H. Ong and P. M. Nickolls, “Analysis of MTF Degradation in the Imaging of Cells in a Flow System,” International Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol.5, No.3, pp.243-250, 1994. [48] S. Inoue, S. Yamazaki, N. Tsumura and Y. Miyake, “An Evaluation of Image Quality for Hardcopy Based on the MTF of Paper,” Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol.44, No.3, pp.188-195, 2000. [49] C. Koopipat, N. Tsumura, M. Fujino and Y. Miyake, “Image Evaluation and Analysis of Ink Jet Printing System (I): MTF Measurement and Analysis of Ink Jet Images,” Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol.45, No.6, pp.591-597, 2001. [50] R. Jenkin, R. E. Jacobson, M. A. Richardson and I. C. Luckraft, “Analytical MTF Bounds and Estimate for SFR in Discrete Imaging Arrays due to Non-stationary Effects,” Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Vol.47, No.3, pp.200-208, 2003. [51] J. Nakamoto, H. Yamashita and H. Kaneko, “Quantitative Evaluation of Print Density Uniformity using MTF Fractal Dimension,” Systems and Computers in Japan, Vol.34, No.2, pp. 92-99, 2003. [52] A. S. Chawla, H. Roehrig, J. J. Rodriguez and J. Fan, “Determining the MTF of Medical Imaging Displays using Edge Techniques,” Journal of Digital Imaging, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 296-310, 2005. [53] I. W. Selesnick, “Maximally Flat Low-pass Digital Differentiators,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Analog and Digital Signal Processing, Vol.49, No.3, pp.219-223, 2002. [54] D. L. Lau and G. R. Arce, Modern Digital Halftoning, Marcel Dekker, New York, 2001. [55] R. C. Gonzales and R. E. Woods, Digital Image Processing, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 2002.
摘要: 
隨選列印已經成為一個競爭激烈的全球市場。而光電成像技術則是解決快速列印需求之不二選擇,其相關研究仍是一個蓬勃發展之領域。雷射印表機則為使用光電成像技術最典型之產品。
本論文首先嘗試整合雷射列印系統中最重要之三個子過程,即充電、曝光以及顯像,並加入掃描線距模式,獲得一可預測從二元輸入影像至碳粉影像之整合模式。透過模擬列印測試影像,並與實際列印影像比較,所獲得之整合模式的確可以有效預測列印影像。藉由這個模式,將能進一步作系統參數最佳化設計和系統調變移轉函數 (MTF) 之預測分析。有鑒於產品生命週期日益縮短,且跌價速度變快,與此同時產品之品質也要兼顧。藉由之前所建立之模式,並利用模糊機制來連結模式之參數與目標函數,以此建立符合消費者及製造商期望 (成本、性能和耗電量) 之目標函數,並進一步利用演化演算法 (Evolutionary Algorithm) 和傳統最佳化演算法 (Standard Optimization Algorithm) 來求解目標函數,其解為符合期望之系統最佳化參數。再者,一個理想的列印系統除了要能夠準確地重現列印影像之顏色之外,也要能夠重現影像之空間品質 (例如清晰度或解析度)。一般列印系統之空間反應函數 (SRF) 與標示系統 (由 SRF 分解而得之非線性濾波器) 可看成由區域性傳遞函數 (local transfer functions or LTF’s) 與調變轉換函數 (modulation transfer functions or MTF’s) 串聯而成之空間不變性 (spatially invariant) 模式。本論文利用含正弦或方波圖樣之測試圖樣和邊緣上升 (edge rise) 之測試圖樣來鑑別列印系統之 MTF’s。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/8291
其他識別: U0005-2108200822331700
Appears in Collections:電機工程學系所

Show full item record
 

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.