Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/8435
標題: 使用離散小波-餘弦複合式轉換及錯誤更正技術的多數決浮水印架構
Watermarking Scheme based on Majority Voting ,DWT-DCT Composite and Error Correction Techniques
作者: 郭炳南
Kuo, Ping-nan
關鍵字: 數位浮水印;Watermarking;離散小波;離散餘弦;錯誤更正碼;DWT;DCT;error correction code;majority;Discrete Wavelet Transform;Discrete Cosine Transform;Gaussian filtering;JPEG2000;Turbo code
出版社: 電機工程學系所
引用: [1]. 陳同孝、張真誠、黃國峰,「數位影像處理技術」,松岡電腦圖書資料股份有限公司,pp.8-1-8-18,2001年1月。 [2]. 王旭正、柯建萱,「資訊媒體安全」,博碩文化,pp.185-250,pp.296-319,2007年8月 。 [3]. C. T. Hsu and J. L. Wu, “Hidden Digital Watermarks in Imag”, pp.58-68, January 1999. [4]. I. J. Cox, J. Kilian, F. T. Leighton, and T. Shamoon, “Secure Spread Spectrum WaterMarking for Multimedia”, pp. 1673-1687, July 1997. [5]. C. S. Lu, S. K. Huang, C. J. Sze, H. Y. Liao, “Cocktail Watermarking for Digital Image Protection” , pp.209-224, Dec. 2000. [6]. R. G. van Schyndel, A.Z. Tirkel, C.F. Osbome, “A Digital Watermark”, pp.86-90, June 1994. [7]. W. Bender, D. Gruhl, N. Morimoto, A. Lu, “Techniques for Data Hiding,”, pp.313-336, July 1996 [8]. T. S. Chen, C. C. Chang, M.S. Hwang, “Virtual Image Cryptosystem Based upon Vector Quantization” ,pp.1485-1488, Oct. 1998. [9]. C. T. Hsu and J. L. Wu, “Hidden Digital Watermarks in Images”, pp58-68, January 1999. [10]. C. T. Hsu and J. L. Wu, “DCT-based watermarking for video”, pp206-216, Feb. 1998. [11]. W. N .Lie, and C. L. Wu, and G. S. Lin, “Robust image watermarking on the DCT domain”, pp9-15, January 1999. [12]. W. C. Cheng, and C. W. Chu, and J. S. Wang, “A robust watermarking method on discrete cosine transform domain”, pp191-198, July 1999. [13]. E. Koch and J. Zhao, “Towards robust and hidden image copyright labeling”, pp.452-455, June 1995. [14]. C. F. Wu, W. S. Hsieh ,“Image refining technique using digital watermarking”, pp.1-5, Feb. 2000. [15]. H. C. Hsu, “Wavelet Base secure spread Spectrum Image Watermarking”, pp. 27-34, July 2003. [16]. C. T. Hsu, J. L. Wu, “Multiresolution watermarking for digital images”, pp.1097-1101, Aug. 1998 [17]. X. G. Xia, C. G. Boncelet and G. R. Arce, “Wavelet transform based watermark for digital images”, pp.497-507, Dec. 1998. [18]. Y. P. Wang, M. J Chen, P. Y. Chang, “Robust Image Watermarking with Wavelet Transform and Spread Spectrum Techniques”, pp.1846-1850, July 2000. [19]. X. L Yang, S.D. Lin, “A Robust DWT-based Watermarking of Still Images”, pp.497-507, July 2001. [20]. X. Kang, J. Huang, Y. Q. Shi, and Y. Lin, “A DWT-DFT composite watermarking scheme robust to both affine transform and JPEG compression”, pp.776-786, Aug. 2003. [21]. A. Amdy, “Complementary Digital Watermarking Technique Based on Wavelet Transformation”, pp.1-14, December 2001. [22]. A. H. Ali, “Combined DWT-DCT Digital Image Watermarking”, pp.740-746, April 2007. [23]. Y. J. Lin, “A DWT-based and Effective Restoration Scheme for Tampered-with Image”, pp. 6-19, July 2004. [24]. F. F. Huo and X.B. Gao,“ A wavelet Based Image watermarking Scheme”, pp.2573-2576, June 2006. [25]. C. Chemak, J. C. Lapayre and M. S. Bouhlel,”A new scheme of image Watermarking based on 5 /3 Wavelet decomposition and turbo-code “, pp.1-14, April 2007. [26]. A. J. Viterbi, “CDMA Principles of spread spectrum communication”, pp.5-1- 5-5 , April 2002. [27]. C. Y. Kao,” A Bi-directional SOVA with Normalization for Turbo Decoding”, pp.5-8, pp.12-30, June 2006. [28]. Y. C. Chang, “Performance Evaluation and Implementation of Improved Bi-directional SOVA Decoding of Turbo Codes”, pp.9-26, June 2005.
摘要: 
數位浮水印技術乃是利用人眼無法察覺細微影像變化的特點,在不被人眼察覺的前提下將含有特殊用途或意義的資訊以各種方式嵌入於原始數位影像中,並期望縱使影像資料經過加解密、壓縮、非惡意或其他刻意的影像處理,所嵌入之資訊依然可以被偵測出來。
本論文中,我們提出一種結合離散小波-離散餘弦復合式轉換及錯誤更正碼技術的多數決浮水印架構,希望藉由結合隱藏3個不同屬性的浮水印、使用錯誤更正碼技術來提高資料位元取出時之可靠度及利用多數決判斷及互補架構來決定最後輸出等三個方式來提高浮水印在各種攻擊行為下的存活機率。同時,本架構在浮水印偵測及取出過程不需借助原始影像之輔助,可避免原始影像儲存及傳送之問題並有效節省記憶體空間。
在實驗過程中我們使用Photoshop影像處理軟體及浮水印外部攻擊程式來模擬影像在一般運用狀況下可能會面臨的各種有意或無意的處理行為並藉由觀察及分析實驗結果以確定我們所提出之架構在面對一般的攻擊行為時浮水印具有很高的存活機率及取出品質。

Abstract— In this thesis we present a digital watermarking scheme that is based on DWT-DCT composite, error correction code and majority judgement techniques. For the purpose of increasing the robustness of watermarking against attacks from image transmission, we encode an image and embedded watermarks by Turbo code with error correction capability. Three identity encoded watermarks was embedded into the host image, two watermarks were using a combine method of the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) and the Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) algorithm and the other one is embedded into the three lowest detail suband images by a significant triplet of wavelet coefficients. The performance of the proposed scheme is tested on a series of attacks in geometry processing, image processing and compression. Examples are down-scaling, Gaussian filtering, uniform noise addition, JPEG2000, etc. The corresponding experimental results show that the proposed watermarking scheme has better performance.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/8435
其他識別: U0005-0408200911531600
Appears in Collections:電機工程學系所

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