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dc.contributor.authorYi-Hung Hoen_US
dc.contributor.authorChing-Hua Chiuen_US
dc.contributor.authorChung-Shun Hungen_US
dc.contributor.authorLi-Cheng Hsiehen_US
dc.contributor.authorHong-Wen Wuen_US
dc.contributor.authorYi-Chun Linen_US
dc.contributor.authorWei-Lin Changen_US
dc.contributor.authorQing-Ying Oyangen_US
dc.contributor.otherGraduate Institute of Sports & Health Management, National Chung Hsing Universityen_US
dc.description.abstractContext:Lack of effective rehabilitation may cause upper extremity atrophy in patients with prolonged periods of wheelchair confinement. Objective: mities by comparing the kinematic and kinetic features of Tai Chi beginning movements between a normal control group and a group of wheelchair patients.Participants: Two groups of subjects participated in this study: the control group (8 healthy male subjects) and the patient group (8 wheelchair-bound male patients with lower extremity injuries).Interventions: The 2-dimensional kinematic images of subjects’ upper extremities are captured while they perform Tai Chi beginning movements.Main Outcome Measures: Two-dimensional kinematic images of the subjects’ upper extremities were captured on high-speed video cameras while the subjects performed the beginning movements of Tai Chi. Computer analysis produced digital data on the movement trajectories and the results were statistically analyzed.Results: Significant differences in the range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder joints were found between the 2 groups. The average shoulder ROM for the control group was 66.99 ± 3.70 degrees, while that of the patient group averaged 53.66 ± 1.16 degrees. This indicates that wheelchair confinement does have a great impact on human body composition. However, on analyzing the angular velocity of the 3 main joints of the upper extremity and joint moments, we found that the control group had a faster peak angular velocity of the shoulder joint (control: 0.369 ± 0.027 rad/s, patient: 0.127 ± 0.004 rad/s). The control group also had higher peak joint moments.Conclusions: By analyzing ROM and joint moments involved in Tai Chi beginning movements, we confirmed that Tai Chi can help wheelchair patients rehabilitate the lost movement of their upper extremities.en_US
dc.publisherTaichung, Taiwan :Graduate Institute of Sports & Health Management, National Chung Hsing Universityen_US
dc.relationInternational Journal of Sport and Exercise Science, Volume 3, Issue 1, Page(s) 1-10.en_US
dc.titleAnalysis of Tai Chi as a Functional Rehabilitation Treatment for Upper Extremities of Wheelchair Patientsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
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