Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/8530
標題: 適用於正交分頻多工被動光網路之基頻接收機設計
Baseband receiver design for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing based passive optical network
作者: 陳俊良
Chen, Jyun-Liang
關鍵字: passive optical network;被動光網路;orthogonal frequency division multiplexing;baseband receiver;fiber;正交分頻多工;基頻接收機;光纖
出版社: 電機工程學系所
引用: [1]T. Koonen, “Fiber to the Home/Fiber to the Premises: What, Where, and When?,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 94, no. 5, pp. 911 - 934, May 2006. [2]IEEE 802.3av, “10Gb/s PHY for EPON Task Force,” http://www.ieee802.org/3/av/index.html. [3]J. Armstrong, “OFDM for Optical Communications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 189 - 204, Feb.1, 2009. [4]ITU-T, “Gigabit-capable Passive Optical Networks (GPON): Physical Media Dependent (PMD) layer specification,” http://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-G.984.2/en. [5]N. Duong, N. Genay, M. Ouzzif and J. Le Masson, et al, “Adaptive Loading Algorithm Implemented in AMOOFDM for Next Generation PON System Integrating Cost-Effective and Low-Bandwidth Optical Devices,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett., Accepted for future publication. [6]Liang Chang, Jian Wang, Chang Joon Chae and A. Nirmalathas, “Combined transmission of baseband OFDM and PON signals for integrated access networks,” in proc. OECC/ACOFT, Sydney, Australia, July 2008, pp. 1 - 2. [7]Lei Xu, Dayou Qian, Junqiang Hu, Wei Wei and Ting Wang, “OFDMA-based passive optical networks (PON),” IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, Acapulco, Mexico, July 2008, pp. 159 - 160. [8]Yu-Min Lin, “Demonstration and Design of High Spectral Efficiency 4Gb/s OFDM System in Passive Optical Networks,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., Anaheim, California, March 2007, pp. 1 - 3. [9]R.W. Chang, “Orthogonal Frequency Multiplex Data Transmission System,” USA U.S. Patent 3,488,445, 1966. [10]J. Salz and S.B. Weinstein, "Fourier transform communication system", ACM Conf. on Computers & Communication, Pine Mountain, GA, Oct. 1969. [11]A. Peled and A. Ruiz, “Frequency domain data transmission using reduced computational complexity algorithms,” in Proc. IEEE ICASSP, Denver, CO, 1980, pp. 964-967. [12]L.J. Cimini, “Analysis and simulation of a digital mobile channel using orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 33, no. 7, July 1985, pp. 665-75. [13]R. Lassalle and M. Alard, “Principles of modulation and channel coding for digital broadcasting for mobile receivers,” EBU Tech. Rev., no. 224, pp. 47-69, Aug. 1987. [14]J.S. Chow, J.C. Tu and J.M. Cioffi, “A discrete multitone transceiver system for HDSL applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 9, pp. 895-908, Aug. 1991. [15]I. Koffman and V. Roman, “Broadband wireless access solutions based on OFDM access in IEEE 802.16,” IEEE Comm. Magazine, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 96 - 103, April 2002. [16]U. Reimers, “Digital video broadcasting,” IEEE Comm. Magazine, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 104 - 110, June 1998. [17]O. Gonzalez, R. Perez-Jimenez, S. Rodriguez, J. Rabadan and A. Ayala, “Adaptive OFDM system for communications over the indoor wireless optical channel,” IEE Proceedings-Optoelectronics, vol. 153, no. 4, pp. 139 - 144, Aug. 2006. [18]J. Grubor, V. Jungnickel and K.-D. Langer, “Adaptive Optical Wireless OFDM System with Controlled Asymmetric Clipping,” in Proc. ACSSC, Pacific Grove, CA, US, Nov. 2007, pp. 1896 - 1902. [19]B.J.C. Schmidt, A.J. Lowery and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 196 - 203 Jan. 2008. [20]W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 587 - 589, May 2006 [21]S.L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda and H. Tanaka, “20-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4,160-km SSMF enabled by RF-pilot tone phase noise compensation,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2007, PDP15. [22]S.L. Jansen, I. Morita, T.C.W. Schenk, N. Takeda and H. Tanaka, “Coherent optical 25.8-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160-km SSMF,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 6-15, Jan. 2008. [23]Rongqing Hui, Benyuan Zhu, Renxiang Huang, C.T. Allen, K.R. Demarest and D. Richards, “Subcarrier multiplexing for high-speed optical transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 417 - 427, Mar. 2002. [24]Jinghong Chen, F. Saibi, E. Sackinger, J. Othmer, Meng-Lin Yu, Fuji Yang et al, “A Multi-Carrier QAM Transceiver for Ultra-Wideband Optical Communication,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 1876 - 1893, Aug. 2006. [25]J.M. Tang and K.A. Shore, “30-gb/s signal transmission over 40-km directly modulated DFB-laser-based single-mode-fiber links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 2318 - 2327, June 2006. [26]H. Bulow, F. Buchali and A. Klekamp, “Electronic Dispersion Compensation,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 158 - 167, Jan.1, 2008. [27]K. Azadet, E.F. Haratsch, H. Kim, F. Saibi, J. H. Saunders, M. Shaffer, L. Song and Meng-Lin Yu, “Equalization and FEC techniques for optical transceivers,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 317 - 327, March 2002. [28]E. Ip and J.M. Kahn, “Digital Equalization of Chromatic Dispersion and Polarization Mode Dispersion,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 2033 - 2043, Aug. 2007. [29]M. Franceschini, G. Bongiorni, G. Ferrari, R. Raheli, F. Meli and A. Castoldi, “Fundamental Limits of Electronic Signal Processing in Direct-Detection Optical Communications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 1742 - 1753, July 2007. [30]F. Buchali and H. Bulow, “Adaptive PMD compensation by electrical and optical techniques,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 1116 - 1126, April 2004. [31]G. Katz, D. Sadot and J. Tabrikian, “Electrical Dispersion Compensation Equalizers in Optical Direct- and Coherent-Detection Systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun, vol. 54, no. 11, pp. 2045 - 2050, Nov. 2006. [32]D. Barros and J.M. Kahn, “Optimized Dispersion Compensation Using Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no.16, pp. 2889 - 2898, Aug.15, 2008. [33]A.J. Lowery, “Fiber Nonlinearity Mitigation in Optical Links That Use OFDM for Dispersion Compensation,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 19, pp. 1556 - 1558, Oct.1, 2007. [34]N. Cvijetic, Lei Xu and Ting Wang, “Adaptive PMD Compensation using OFDM in Long-Haul 10Gb/s DWDM Systems,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., Anaheim, CA, March 2007, pp. 1 - 3. [35]E. Giacoumidis, J.L. Wei, X.Q. Jin and J.M. Tang, “Improved transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD links using adaptive cyclic prefix,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, no. 13, pp. 9480-9494, 2008. [36]I.B. Djordjevic, B. Vasic and M.A. Neifeld, “LDPC-Coded OFDM for Optical Communication Systems with Direct Detection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 13, no.5, pp. 1446 - 1454, Sept. 2007. [37]J. Lowery , “Amplified-spontaneous noise limit of optical OFDM lightwave systems,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 860-865, 2008. [38]A.J. Lowery, Liang Bangyuan Du and J. Armstrong, “Performance of Optical OFDM in Ultralong-Haul WDM Lightwave Systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 131 - 138, Jan. 2007. [39]G.P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed., Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 2001. [40]I.B. Djordjevic, “PMD compensation in fiber-optic communication systems with direct detection using LDPC-coded OFDM,” Opt. Express, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 3692-3701, 2007. [41]ITU-T, “Characteristics of a single-mode optical fibre and cable,” http://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-G.652/en. [42]J.P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, “PMD fundamentals : Polarization mode dispersion in Optical fiber,” PNAS Reviews, vol. 97, pp. 4541 - 4550, April 2000. [43]E. Forestieri and G. Prati, “Exact analytical evaluation of second-order PMD impact on the outage probability for a compensated system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 988 - 996, April 2004. [44]N. Cvijetic, S.G. Wilson and Dayou Qian, “System Outage Probability Due to PMD in High-Speed Optical OFDM Transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 14, pp. 2118 - 2127, July 2008. [45]W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A.E. Willner and S. Chi, “Estimation of the Bit Error Rate for Direct-Detected OFDM Signals With Optically Preamplified Receivers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 1340 - 1346, May 2009. [46]A.J. Lowery, “Improving Sensitivity and Spectral Efficiency in Direct-Detection Optical OFDM Systems,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., San Diego, California, Feb. 2008, pp. 1 - 3. [47]B. Goebel, B. Fesl, L.D. Coelho and N. Hanik, “On the Effect of FWM in Coherent Optical OFDM Systems,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., San Diego, CA, Feb. 2008, pp.1 - 3. [48]Rongqing Hui, “XPM and FWM in OFDM optical systems,” in Proc. LEOS 2001, San Diego, California, Nov. 2001, pp. 281 - 282. [49]R. Dischler and F. Buchali, “Experimental Assessment of a Direct Detection Optical OFDM System Targeting 10Gb/s and beyond,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., San Diego, CA, Feb. 2008, pp. 1 - 3. [50]Chi-Wai Chow, Chien-Hung Yeh, Chia-Hsuan Wang, Fu-Yuan Shih, Ci-Ling Pan and Sien Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, no. 16, pp. 12096-12101, 2008. [51]T.M. Schmidl and D.C. Cox, “Low-Overhead, Low-Complexity [Burst] synchronization for OFDM”, in Porc. ICC, vol. 3, Dallas, TX, pp 1301-1306, 1996, [52]T. Sansaloni, A. Perez-Pascual and J. Valls, “Area-efficient FPGA-based FFT processor,” Electronics Letters, vol. 39, no. 19, pp.1369 - 1370, Sept. 2003. [53]M. Hasan, T. Arslan and J.S. Thompson, “A Novel Coefficient Ordering based Low Power Pipelined Radix-4 FFT Processor for Wireless LAN Applications,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron., vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 128 - 134, Feb. 2003. [54]J.A. Prabhu and G.B. Zyner, “167 MHz radix-8 divide and square root using overlapped radix-2 stages,” in Proc. 12th Symp. Computer Arithmetic, pp.155 - 162, July 1995. [55]Yunho Jung, Hongil Yoon and Jaeseok Kim, “New efficient FFT algorithm and pipeline implementation results for OFDM/DMT applications,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron., vol. 49, no. 1, pp.14 - 20, Feb. 2003.
摘要: 
隨著消費者對於網路頻寬的需求提升,以至於光纖通訊的發展日益精進,從長途傳輸逐漸佈局至短距離傳輸。下一個世代的被動光網路10GEPON與10GGPON雖可透過增加光電元件的頻寬,達到更高的傳輸資料量,但需付出更大的成本。因此透過正交分頻多工技術,在不改變的光電傳輸架構下,即可提升光纖系統的資料量,並有效解決通道效應,進一步降低系統成本,實現光纖到家服務的目的。
本論文設計一高速傳輸的正交分頻多工被動光網路基頻實體層接收機,並定義正交分頻多工被動光網路的系統規格。其中,傳送機、通道模型與接收機以Matlab程式撰寫,並利用VPI transmissionMaker7.1進行系統驗證,最後接收機部分再改寫程式,以定點數模擬系統效能。本論文首先探討正交分頻多工被動光網路的光纖通道模型,並建立系統模擬環境,以Matlab撰寫程式進行模擬。接收機部分針對符元邊界粗調與符元邊界細調,進行演算法與電路架構的開發與研究。為因應系統高速傳輸欲追求十億位元級的資料傳輸量,本論文提出一套8/16平行化運算處理的接收機架構。
最後,在本論文提出的系統操作環境下,所設計的架構可以有效對抗色散失真、極化模態色散失真、非線性失真及元件雜訊等不完美效應。模擬結果也顯示所設計的正交分頻多工被動光網路系統在遭受這些不完美的通道效應下,最後能夠成功的將資料解調還原回來。

According to the extended demand of network bandwidth from consumer, the developing of optical communication is gain ground day by day. The long haul transmit will be replace by short reach transmit gradually. The passive optical network 10GEPON or 10GGPON in next generation can increased the transmission data rate by add optical component, but it must pay the bigger cost. Therefore to use the orthogonal frequency division multiplex technology of optical communication, base on the original optical architecture, and it could advance data rate of fiber system and also solves channel distortion effectively. Further more it could reduce the system cost and realizes the goal that is fiber to the home service.
This paper presents the OFDM PON baseband receiver design, and defines the system specification. The transmitter, channel model and receiver are programming by Matlab program and test by VPI transmissionMaker7.1 program. And final re programming receiver and fixed point simulation results. In this paper the first issue is the fiber channel model of OFDM PON, and establishes the system simulation environment by the Matlab program. The receiver designs include the coarse package detection and the fine package detection algorithm and circuit architecture design. To want in accordance to the system high speed transmission to pursue the 10Gbits transmission capacity, the present paper proposes a set of 8/16 parallel processing receiver construction.
Finally, under the system operation environment which in the present paper proposed, designs the construction may resist the chromatic dispersion, polarization mode dispersion, nonlinear distortion and the component noise. The simulation result showed the OFDM PON can demodulation in suffers under these channel effects.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/8530
其他識別: U0005-1708200920580300
Appears in Collections:電機工程學系所

Show full item record
 
TAIR Related Article

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.