Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/8703
標題: 一個無人飛行載具降落導引系統之設計
Design of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Landing Guidance System
作者: 黃國榮
Huang, Guo-Rong
關鍵字: Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV);無人飛行載具;coordinate reconstruction;HITS;flight tunnel;座標重建;空中通道;飛行導引框道
出版社: 電機工程學系所
引用: [1] M. C. Ertem, "An airborne synthetic vision system with HITS symbology using X-Plane for a head up display", Proc. of Digital Avionics Systems Conference, 2005. [2] J. B. McKinley, E. Heidhausen, J. A. Cramer, and N. J. Krone, "Flight testing of an airborne SVS with highway-in-the-sky on a head-up display", Proc. of Digital Avionics Systems Conference, 2005. [3] Wikipedia, “Geodetic System”, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geodetic_system. [4]劉世壹,多影像三維座標重建系統實作,碩士論文,國立中興大學電機系,2006。 [5] X-Plane相關網頁: X-Plane Homepage http://www.x-plane.com/ Home of the X-Plane Flightsim Community http://www.x-plane.org/ X-Plane SDK Main Page http://www.xsquawkbox.net/ Sandy Barbour’s XPlugin SDK Website http://www.xpluginsdk.org/index.html [6]國際民間航空組織機場代碼: http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/ICAO%E6%A9%9F%E5%A0%B4%E4%BB%A3%E7%A2%BC [7]洪維恩, Matlab 7 程式設計, 旗標有限公司, 2007。 [8]李顯宏, MATLAB 7.x介面開發與編譯技巧, 文魁出版社, 2005。 [9] L. Tetley and D. Calcutt , "Electronic Navigation Systems", 3rd ed., Butterworth- Heinemann . [10]長安工程學院, 控制與導航, http://bbs.ccit.edu.cn/kepu/100k/read.php?tid=7137。 [11] Federal Aviation Administration, "Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge", 2008. [12]飛行員航空知識手冊,美國航空管理局,2003。
摘要: 
現今無人飛行載具的應用越來越普遍,應用於各種人力所不及的方面。然而無人飛行載具用於軍事方面的造價相當昂貴,當無人飛行載具降落時,常常需要依賴有經驗的飛行員來完成。本論文的目的在於研發一套飛行導引系統,協助飛行員順利降落。首先,透過飛行模擬軟體X-Plane取得飛行時的座標,並建立一個空中通道(High way in the sky, HITS)導引無人飛行戴具飛行,最終降落至機場的跑道。

本論文的飛行導引框道,係以飛行路徑的數據搭配三維座標重建、攝影機成像原理與相似三角形實現。飛行導引框道一連串地顯示於電腦螢幕上導引無人飛行戴具飛行。另外,我們也提供一個圖形使用者介面以方便使用者選擇不同機場及跑道。

關鍵字:無人飛行載具、座標重建、空中通道、飛行導引框道

There are many applications of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), especially the high risk tasks. However, the cost of its usage for military is high, and the experienced pilot is necessary for accomplishing landing. The objective of this thesis is to design a landing guidance tunnel to help the pilot to land the UAV successfully. The coordinates of UAV such as longitude, latitude and altitude are obtained from the pace flight simulator software, X-Plane. According to the flight data, a high way in the sky (HITS) is established to guide the UAV to land on the runway.

The implementation of flight tunnel involves the data of flying path, 3-D coordinate reconstruction, imaging principle of camera and theory for similar triangles. The flight tunnel is displayed on the monitor and used to guide the UAV. We also provide a graphical user interface to let the user choose the different airports and runways.

Keywords: Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), coordinate reconstruction, HITS, flight tunnel.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/8703
其他識別: U0005-2807200914445900
Appears in Collections:電機工程學系所

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