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dc.contributorChih-Yu Wenen_US
dc.contributorBor-Chen Kuoen_US
dc.contributor.advisorHon-Son Donen_US
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Guo-Rongen_US
dc.identifier.citation[1] M. C. Ertem, "An airborne synthetic vision system with HITS symbology using X-Plane for a head up display", Proc. of Digital Avionics Systems Conference, 2005. [2] J. B. McKinley, E. Heidhausen, J. A. Cramer, and N. J. Krone, "Flight testing of an airborne SVS with highway-in-the-sky on a head-up display", Proc. of Digital Avionics Systems Conference, 2005. [3] Wikipedia, “Geodetic System”, [4]劉世壹,多影像三維座標重建系統實作,碩士論文,國立中興大學電機系,2006。 [5] X-Plane相關網頁: X-Plane Homepage Home of the X-Plane Flightsim Community X-Plane SDK Main Page Sandy Barbour’s XPlugin SDK Website [6]國際民間航空組織機場代碼: [7]洪維恩, Matlab 7 程式設計, 旗標有限公司, 2007。 [8]李顯宏, MATLAB 7.x介面開發與編譯技巧, 文魁出版社, 2005。 [9] L. Tetley and D. Calcutt , "Electronic Navigation Systems", 3rd ed., Butterworth- Heinemann . [10]長安工程學院, 控制與導航,。 [11] Federal Aviation Administration, "Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge", 2008. [12]飛行員航空知識手冊,美國航空管理局,2003。zh_TW
dc.description.abstract現今無人飛行載具的應用越來越普遍,應用於各種人力所不及的方面。然而無人飛行載具用於軍事方面的造價相當昂貴,當無人飛行載具降落時,常常需要依賴有經驗的飛行員來完成。本論文的目的在於研發一套飛行導引系統,協助飛行員順利降落。首先,透過飛行模擬軟體X-Plane取得飛行時的座標,並建立一個空中通道(High way in the sky, HITS)導引無人飛行戴具飛行,最終降落至機場的跑道。 本論文的飛行導引框道,係以飛行路徑的數據搭配三維座標重建、攝影機成像原理與相似三角形實現。飛行導引框道一連串地顯示於電腦螢幕上導引無人飛行戴具飛行。另外,我們也提供一個圖形使用者介面以方便使用者選擇不同機場及跑道。 關鍵字:無人飛行載具、座標重建、空中通道、飛行導引框道zh_TW
dc.description.abstractThere are many applications of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), especially the high risk tasks. However, the cost of its usage for military is high, and the experienced pilot is necessary for accomplishing landing. The objective of this thesis is to design a landing guidance tunnel to help the pilot to land the UAV successfully. The coordinates of UAV such as longitude, latitude and altitude are obtained from the pace flight simulator software, X-Plane. According to the flight data, a high way in the sky (HITS) is established to guide the UAV to land on the runway. The implementation of flight tunnel involves the data of flying path, 3-D coordinate reconstruction, imaging principle of camera and theory for similar triangles. The flight tunnel is displayed on the monitor and used to guide the UAV. We also provide a graphical user interface to let the user choose the different airports and runways. Keywords: Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), coordinate reconstruction, HITS, flight tunnel.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents摘 要 i Abstract ii 目 錄 iii 表 目 錄 iv 圖 目 錄 v 第一章 緒論 1 1.1 研究背景與研究動機 1 1.2 研究方法及步驟 2 1.3文獻回顧 2 1.4 章節架構 3 第二章 導航技術與數據來源 4 2.1 導航方法與原理 4 2.2 X-Plane軟體介紹 5 2.3 Google Earth介紹 8 第三章 研究原理及方法 10 3.1 前言 10 3.2 地球座標系統 10 3.2.1世界測量座標系統(World Geodetic System , WGS-84) 10 3.2.2 地球固定系統(Earth-Centered, Earth-Fixed Coordinate, ECEF) 11 3.2.3 本地水平系統(Local Level System) 12 3.2.4 座標系統總結 13 3.3 機體座標系統 13 3.4 影像座標系統(Image Coordinate System, ICS) 14 3.4.1 世界座標系統轉換至影像座標系統 14 3.4.2 影像座標重建 17 3.5 降落導引框道 20 第四章 操作介面及實驗結果 24 4.1圖形使用者介面 24 4.2實驗結果 30 第五章 結 論 39 參考文獻 40zh_TW
dc.subjectUnmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)en_US
dc.subjectcoordinate reconstructionen_US
dc.subjectflight tunnelen_US
dc.titleDesign of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Landing Guidance Systemen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
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