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標題: 腦丁、隘勇與客家移民-埔里、魚池比較研究(1875-1945)
Nao-ding, Ai-yung and Hakka Migration: A Comparison Research of Puli and Yuchi (1875-1945)
作者: 邱正略
Cheng-Lueh Chiu
關鍵字: 樟腦;腦丁;隘勇;客家;埔里;魚池;camphor;nao-ding(腦丁);ai-yung(隘勇);Hakka(客家);Puli(埔里);Yuchi(魚池)
Project: 興大人文學報, Issue 52, Page(s) 1-48.
The development of the Hakka people in Nantou County has always been a neglected area in Hakka research. This article tries to use some historical records such as the provisional Taiwanese household investigation data during the Japanese sovereignty and Taiwan Governor documents to discuss the change of the Hakka population and the development of the camphor industry near Puli. Through the household investigation books of Japanese sovereignty, which were related to the 〞nao-ding〞 (腦丁) (labors of camphor industry) and 〞ai-yung〞 (隘勇) (border guards), the article explores the trails of mid-Hakka migrants since the cultivation of the aborigines in the late Qing Dynasty. In addition to the discussion of the nao-dings (腦丁), ai-yungs (隘勇) and Hakka migrants of Puli and Yuchi, there are also comparisons between nao-dings (腦丁) and ai-yungs (隘勇) of the two places. Many Hakka migrants were attracted by the prospering camphor industry and moved to Puli and Yuchi here during the beginning of Japanese sovereignty. Some Hakka migrated again, some just stayed for a period of time, while others lived in Puli and Yuchi permanently. The household investigation book showed that there were some females among the nao-dings (腦丁) and the ai-yungs (隘勇) were all male. Whether it was group form or living form, there were obvious differences between the Puli immigrants and the Yuchi immigrants. There were less local nao-dings (腦丁) and ai-yungs (隘勇) in Puli but relatively more in Yuchi. The same thing was that most nao-dings (腦丁) were Hakka and most ai-yungs (隘勇) were Southern Min.

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