Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/88387
標題: Estimate on Investigation for Rural Constructions Facilities of Rural Rejuvenation Communities at Taichung and Miaoli Area
中苗農村再生社區農村建設設施體檢之評估
作者: 黃隆明
林芸暄
徐森彥
Long-Ming Huang
Yun-Shen Lin
關鍵字: 農再社區;農村建設設施;設施體檢;木作設施;rural rejuvenation communities;rural constructions facilities;facilities investigation;wood facilities
Project: 水土保持學報, Volume 47, Issue 3, Page(s) 1449-1464.
摘要: 
本研究蒐集民國90年至103年,中苗地區88個農再社區中,以往災害通報較頻繁之農村建設設施,作為辦理體檢評估之對象;除了運用GIS掌握農村建設設施之分布情形之外,並進行現場之檢視與調查,後續並依其體檢成果資料,進行損壞項目、原因及損壞情形之探討分析,藉以建立各類設施物後續維護管理之機制,以有效提升設施物之使用年限。

根據調查結果,在295件農村建設設施中,經實地檢視設施物受損程度,其中設施狀況良好,功能健全者,約有51%;而輕微或局部受損,功能尚可維持或有減損者,約有41%;至於設施嚴重損毀,影響原功能者,僅約8%。再依受損程度經評估後,無需修復者,約51%;需修復但無急迫性者,約32%;優先修復及拆除者,約17%。

在受損設施物中,木作設施之受損率最高,約64%;混凝土次之,約15%;石材再次之,約10%;而金屬、塑膠及植栽,約8%;其他材料,約3%。本研究中再針對各項材料損壞原因,進行分析與探討,且針對受損率最高之木作材料致損原因深入之分析與探討,提出加強選材及防腐、異質結合或替代材料及定期維護等改善策略,以提升木作設施之品質與耐久性,並提供後續農村建設設施之參考。

In this research, it is focused on the collection of information between the period of 2001 and 2014, especially for the 88 rural rejuvenation communities in Taichung and Miaoli area. And the objects of investigation and estimation processes are those rural constructions facilities frequently reported in disaster bulletins. Thereby not only GIS is applied so as to control the distribution of rural constructions facilities but also onsite inspection and survey are proceeded as well, entailing with explorative analyses for damaged items, causes of damage and damaged scenarios according to the findings from inspections so as to establish follow-up maintenance and management mechanism for all facilities in order to effectively lengthen the service life of these structures.

According to the survey finding, within the 295 pieces of rural constructions facilities, and right after the onsite inspection is completed for the structure damage level, therefore this research finds that there are approximately 51% rated as in good condition, 41% with minor or partial damages whereas the functionalities are maintained or diminished somewhat. As for facilities severely damaged which would impact the functionalities are only 8%. In these, 51% are rated as no need for restoration after assessments made on the level of damage. And 32% require restoration nonetheless not urgent and only 17% are rated as prioritized restoration as well as dismantling.

Within the damaged facilities, wood facilities suffers the most which is about 64%, followed by concrete facilities at approximately 15%, and 10% is of stone facilities, about 8% in metal facilities, plastics facilities and vegetation facilities, the remaining is of 3%. In this research, we target to the causes for all material damages and proceed to analyses and explorations as well. In addition, in-depth analyses and explorations are conducted and followed with proposals for enhancement strategies in aspects like strengthening the material selection and anti-corrosion, heterogeneous binding or substitute material so as to raise the level of quality and durability for wood facilities in addition to serve as reference for subsequent rural constructions facilities.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/88387
Appears in Collections:第47卷 第03期

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