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標題: Study on "Zhi Man" (支滿) in Medical Manuscripts of Frontier Regions of the Han Dynasty
作者: Ming-Te Shen
關鍵字: 醫簡;支滿;丈滿;漢代;居延;疾病;Medical manuscripts of wooden slips;Zhi Man;Zhang Man;Han Dynasty;Juyan;Diseases
Project: 興大歷史學報, Issue 28, Page(s) 27-50.
As tens of thousands wooden slips were excavated in the Juyan region in 1930s and 1970s. These slips recorded military actions of Juyan frontier fortress during Han dynasty. There had many soldiers illness records. On the medical manuscripts slips, there are many disease names and symptoms mentioned, which describe "Shang han" (傷寒), headache or disease on their chest and abdomen regions. Due to the translation of wooden slips, one of the records sometime were translated into Zhi man (支滿), and sometimes called into Zhang man (丈滿). Although the words are looked and translated close, if we are unable to determine the text of the medical manuscripts, it would be impossible to know what causes of the illness. First, when consolidate various conclusions to present their views, we pay attention to retain the character of the writer deliberately fonts. I think it's Zhi man (支滿), not Zhang man (丈滿). Then by comparing these records on wooden slips and traditional medicine literatures, we can find Zhi man (支滿) was a common used vocabulary of Traditional Chinese Medicine, that means something obstruct on body, that induces syndrome (實症) in meridians (經絡). Meanwhile we infer Xin Fu Zhi Man (心腹支滿) and Xiong Xie Zhi Man (胸脅支滿), were both induced that soldiers were in the extreme temperatures, food and drinking without control for a long-time or once physical weakness caused by syndrome in meridians. They usually induce heart stuffy, chest and abdomen swelling. If not treated quickly might result in death.

Appears in Collections:第28期

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