Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/88896
標題: Divine Providence and the Politics of Slavery in Uncle Tom's Cabin
《湯姆叔叔的小屋》中的天命觀與奴隸制度
作者: Wan-Ting Sung
宋宛庭
關鍵字: 天命觀;奴隸制度;Divine Providence;slavery;politics
引用: Works Cited Adams, John R. Harriet Beecher Stowe. New York: Twayne, 1963. Print. Allen, W. B. 'A Guide to the Reading of Uncle Tom''s Cabin.' Public Affairs 5 (1978): 1-15. Academic Search Premier. Web. 20 Feb. 2013. Ammons, Elizabeth. 'Heroines in Uncle Tom''s Cabin.' American Literature 49.2 (1977): 161-79. Jstor.Web. 23 Aug. 2012. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/2925420>. Anderson, Beatrice A. 'Uncle Tom: A Hero At Last.' Atq 5.2 (1991): 95. Academic Search Premier. Web. 18 Aug. 2013. Aquinas, Thomas.Trans. Mcdermott,Timothy. Selected Philosophical Writing.Oxford: 1993.Print. 'Beecher,Lyman(1775-1863).' AmericanEras.1997. Encyclopedia.com. 17.Feb. 2013<http://www.encyclopedia.com>. Bellin, Joshua D. 'Up To Heaven''s Gate, Down In Earth''s Dust: The Politics Of Judgment In Uncle Tom''s Cabin.'American Literature 65.2 (1993): 275. Academic Search Premier. Web. 3 Oct. 2012. Bense, James. 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'Calvinism Feminized: Divine Matriarchy in Harriet Beecher.' Connotations 5.2 (1995): 147-66. Connotations: A Journal for Critical Debate.Web. 12 Sept. 2012. Giles, Kevin. 'The Biblical Argument for Slavery: Can the Bible Mislead? A Case Study in Hermeneutics.' Evangelical Quarterly 66.1 (1994): 3-17. Biblicalstudies.Web. 20 Feb. 2013. <http://www.biblicalstudies.org.uk/pdf/eq/1994-1_003.pdf>. Guyatt, Nicholas. Providence and the Invention of the United States, 1607–1876. Cambridge University Press, 2007.Cambridge Books Online. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511619137 ---'Divided Destinies': The Providential Meanings of American a Slavery.' Providence and the Invention of the United States, 1607-1876. New York: Cambridge UP, 2007. 214-58. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. ---. Introduction. Providence and the Invention of the United States, 1607-1876. New York: Cambridge UP, 2007.1-8. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. ---. 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University of Massachusetts Press, 1994.EBSCOhost.Web. 23 Dec. 2012. McKim, Donald K. 'Providence Without and Within.' John Owen''s Doctrine of Scripture in Historical Perspective (1973): 215-37. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. Morrison, Larry R. 'The Religious Defense of American Slavery before 1830.' Religious Thought 37.2 (1980): 16-29. Academic Journal.Web. 20 Jan. 2013. Nuernberg, Susan Marie. 'The Rhetoric of Race.'Stowe Debate : Rhetorical Strategies In Uncle Tom''s Cabin. Eds. Mason I. et al. 4vols. University of Massachusetts Press, 1994.EBSCOhost.Web. 23 Dec. 2012. O''Connell, Catharine E. 'The Magic of Real Presence of Distress: Sentimentality and Competing Rhetorics of Authority.' Stowe Debate : Rhetorical Strategies In Uncle Tom''s Cabin. Eds. Mason I. et al. 4vols. University of Massachusetts Press, 1994.EBSCOhost.Web. 23 Dec. 2012. Pelletier, Kevin. 'Uncle Tom''s Cabin and Apocalyptic Sentimentalism.' Literature Interpretation Theory 20 (2009): 266-87. Routledge.Web. 20 Aug. 2012. Pilditch, Jan. 'Rhetoric and Satire.'Stowe Debate : Rhetorical Strategies In Uncle Tom''s Cabin. Eds. Mason I. et al. 4vols. University of Massachusetts Press, 1994.EBSCOhost.Web. 23 Dec. 2012. 'Protestantism.' Dictionary of American History.2003. Encyclopedia.com. 30 Jan. 2013 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>. Randall, David. 'Providence.' Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World. 2004.Encyclopedia.com. 27 Jan. 2013 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>. 'Revivalism.' AmericanEras.1997. Encyclopedia.com. 17.Feb. 2013 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>. Riss, Arthur. 'Racial Essentialism And Family Values In Uncle Tom''s Cabin.' American Quarterly 46.4 (1994): 513. Academic Search Premier. Web. 18 Aug. 2013. Ryan, S. M. 'Charity Begins at Home: Stowe''s Antislavery Novels and the Forms of Benevolent Citizenship.' American Literature 72.4 (2000): 751-82. Academic Search Premier. Web. 12 June 2012. Selby, Gary S. 'Mocking the Sacred: Frederick Douglass''s 'slaveholder''s Sermon' and the Antebellum Debate over Religion and Slavery.'Quarterly Journal of Speech 88.3 (2002): 326-41. Quarterly Journal of Speech.Web. 20 Sept. 2012. Shanks, Caroline L. 'The Biblical Anti-Slavery Argument of the Decade 1830-1840.' The Journal of Negro History 16.2 (1931): 132-57. JSTOR.Web. 8 Aug. 2012. Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Uncle Tom''s Cabin. 2nd ed. New York: W.W.Norton&Company, 2010. Print. Sundquist,Eric. Ed. New Essay on Uncle Tom's Cabin.Canbridge: 1986. Print. Thomas, Aquinas. Selected Philosophical Writing.Trans. Timothy Mcdermott.Oxford, 1993. Print. Thompson, J. Earl. 'Lyman Beecher''s Long Road to Conservative Abolitionism.' Church History 42.01 (1973): 89-109. Cambridge Org. Web. 18.Feb.2013.http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=2211148 Tompkins, Jane. Sensational Designs: The Cultural Work of American Fiction 1790-1860. Oxford:1985. Print. Toolin, Cynthia. 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摘要: 
English Abstract

That the concept of Divine Providence holds a central place in US American civil religion and played an especially important role in the debate about the abolition of slavery is generally acknowledged. This thesis attempts to show how this concept informs Harriet Beecher Stowe's view of slavery in Uncle Tom's Cabin. After surveying the history of theological debates about Divine Providence, the thesis examines Stowe's critique of religious defenses of slavery, and goes on to relate this to her challenge to the sort of orthodox Calvinism represented by her father. Stowe herself advocated a more liberal, feminized theology of an Arminian cast. Her political strategy in Uncle Tom's Cabin must be understood in the context of these theological views. Stowe's novel is a powerful reminder of the importance which religion has played, and continues to play, in US American history and culture.

摘要
天命概念在美國基督教世界裡扮演著重要的位置,特別是在探討奴隸制度的問題時。本論文的主要目標是探討十九世紀內戰前的基督徒如何以天命觀點詮釋奴隸制度的議題。本論文共分兩個章節。第一章探討的是基督教的天命神學觀點。第二章以天命的觀點分析《湯姆叔叔的小屋》以呈現史托如何批判人們以嚴謹的宗教觀去詮釋奴隸制度。史托以女性和自由的宗教觀挑戰加爾文教義的傳統。接著,我將探討史托對於奴隸制度的政治策略與其女性的宗教觀點之關係。最後的結語指出人們的宗教詮釋背後隱藏著很多因素。例如: 不同的教義、政治因素、個人私慾等。這些因素影響了人們對奴隸制度的看法,也因此漸漸地危害了整個社會的道德風氣。然而,宗教詮釋的現象已變成了美國歷史與文化中不可或缺的一環。無論如何,可以確信的是,美國人抱持著相信天命的信仰去看待他們的歷史與生活。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/88896
其他識別: U0005-1901201411062300
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2014-01-27起公開。
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