Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/88898
標題: The Function of Art in Kazuo Ishiguro's An Artist of the Floating World, Never Let Me Go and Nocturnes
論石黑一雄筆下之藝術功能:《浮世畫家》、《別讓我走》、《夜曲》
作者: Ang-Wei Lu
呂昂衛
關鍵字: 藝術;石黑一雄;班雅明;再製;布迪厄;Art;Ishiguro;Walter Benjamin;Reproduction;Pierre Bourdieu
引用: Beatrice, Hanssen. 'Benjamin or Heidegger: Aesthetics and Politics in an Age of Technology.' Ed. Andrew E. Benjamin. Walter Benjamin and Art. London: Continuum, 2005. 73-92. Print. Beedham, Matthew. 'A Troubled Artist's Art: An Artist of the Floating World ' Ref. of The Novels of Kazuo Ishiguro. China: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. 140-43. Benjamin, Walter., and J. A. Underwood. The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction. London: Penguin, 2008. Print. Berger, John. Ways of Seeing. London: British Broadcasting, 1973. Print. Bigsby, Christopher. 'In Conversation with Kazuo Ishiguro.' Conversations with Kazuo Ishiguro. Ed. Brian W. Shaffer and Cynthia F. Wong. Jackson: U of Mississippi, 2008. 15-26. Print. Black, Shameem. 'Ishiguro's Inhuman Aesthetics.' Modern Fiction Studies 55.4 (2009): 785–807. Project Muse. Web. 25 Dec. 2013. Bourdieu, Pierre. 'Art as Cultural Production: Pierre Bourdieu.' The Nature of Art: An Anthology. By Thomas E. Wartenberg. Fort Worth: Harcourt College, 2002. 299-311. Print. Bourdieu, Pierre. The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature. Cambridge: Columbia UP, 1993. Print. ---. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1984. Print. ---. The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature. Cambridge: Columbia UP, 1993. Print. Fenves, Peter. 'Is There an Answer to the Aestheticizing of the Political?' Walter Benjamin and Art. Ed. Andrew E. Benjamin. London: Continuum, 2005. 60-72. Print. Groes, Sebastian. ''Something of A Lost Corner': Kazuo Ishiguro's Landscapes of Memory and East Anglia in Never Let Me Go.' Kazuo Ishiguro: New Critical Visions of the Novel. Ed. Sebastian Groes and Barry Lewis. China: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. 211-24. Print. Griffin, Gabriele. 'Science and The Cultural Imaginary: The Case of Kazuo Ishiguro's Never Let Me Go.' Textual Practice 23.4 (2009): 645–663 Google Scholar. Web. 30 Dec. 2013. Ishiguro, Kazuo. An Artist of the Floating World. New York: Vintage, 1989. ---. Never Let Me Go. New York: Vintage, 2006. ---. Nocturnes: Five Stories of Music and Nightfall. London: Faber and Faber, 2009. ---. A Pale View of Hills. London: Faber, 2005. ---. The Remains of the Day. London: Faber, 2005. ---. The Unconsoled. London: Faber, 2005. ---. When We Were Orphans. London: Faber, 2001. Lewis, Barry. 'The Concertina Effect: Unfolding Kazuo Ishiguro's Never Let Me Go.' Kazuo Ishiguro: New Critical Visions of the Novel. Ed. Sebastian Groes and Barry Lewis. China: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. 200-10. Print. Lochner, Liani. ''This Is What We're Supposed to Be Doing, Isn't It?': Scientific Discourse in Kazuo Ishiguro's Never Let Me Go.' Kazuo Ishiguro: New Critical Visions of the Novel. Ed. Sebastian Groes and Barry Lewis. China: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. 225-35. Print. Marks, John. 'Clone Stories: Shallow are the Souls that Have Forgotten How to Shudder.' Paragraph 33.3 (2010): 331–53. MLA. Web. 25 Dec. 2013. Mason, Gregory. 'An Interview with Kazuo Ishiguro' Contemporary Literature, 30.3 (1989): 3-14. Project Muse. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. Mark Mazullo. 'Alone: Kazuo Ishiguro and the Problem of Musical Empathy.' The Yale Review 100.2 (2012): 78-98. MLA. Web. 25 Dec. 2013. Melberg, Arne. 'The Work of Art in the Age of Ontological Speculation: Walter Benjamin Revisited.' Walter Benjamin and Art. Ed. Andrew E. Benjamin. London: Continuum, 2005. 93-107. Print. Puchner, Martin. 'When We Were Clones.' Raritan 27.4 (2008): 34–49. Google Scholar. Web. 30 Dec. 2014. Robbins, Bruce. 'Cruelty Is Bad: Banality and Proximity in Never Let Me Go' NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction. 40. 3, (2007): 289-302. JSTOR. Web. 8 Sep. 2014. Sauerberg, Lars O. 'Coming to Terms― Literary Configurations of the Past in Kazuo Ishiguro's An Artist of the Floating World and Timothy Mo's An Insular Possession.' EURAMERICA 36. 2 (2006): 175-202. MLA. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. Seaman, Myra J. 'Becoming More (than) Human: Affective Posthumanisms, Past and Future.' Journal of Narrative Theory 37.2 (2007): 246-75. Project Muse. Web. 25 Dec. 2013. Shaffer, Brian W. Understanding Kazuo Ishiguro. Columbia, SC: U of South Carolina, 1998. Print. Sim, Wai-chew. Globalization and Dislocation in the Novels of Kazuo Ishiguro. New York: Edwin Mellen, 2006. Smyth, Gerry. 'Waiting for the Performance to Begin: Kazuo Ishiguro's Musical Imagination in The Unconsoled and Nocturnes.' Kazuo Ishiguro: New Critical Visions of the Novel. Ed. Sebastian Groes and Barry Lewis. China: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. 144-56. Print. Walkowitz, Rebecca L. 'Unimaginable Largeness: Kazuo Ishiguro, Translation, and the New World Literature.' NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction. 40. 3, (2007): 216-339. JSTOR. Web. 8 Sep. 2014. ---. 'Ishiguro''s Floating Worlds Author(s).' ELH 68.4 (2011): 1049-1076 JSTOR Web.7 Nov. 2014 ---. 'A New Reading' of Originality' Ref. of The Novels of Kazuo Ishiguro. by. Matthew Beedham. China: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. 140-43. Print. Wilde, Oscar. The Soul of Man Under Socialism. Champaign, Ill: Project Gutenberg, n.d. eBook Collection (EBSCO host). Web. 14 May 2015. Whitehead, Anne. 'Writing with Care: Kazuo Ishiguro's Never Let Me Go' Contemporary Literature, 52. 1(2011): 54-83. Project Muse. Web. 25 Dec. 2013. Wright, Timothy. 'No Homelike Place: The Lesson of History in Kazuo Ishiguro's An Artist of the Floating World.' Contemporary Literature 55. 1 (2014): 58-88. Project Muse. Web. 25 Dec. 2014. Ziarek, Krzysztof. 'The Work of Art in the Age of Its Electronic Mutability.' Walter Benjamin and Art. Ed. Andrew E. Benjamin. London: Continuum, 2005. 209-225. Print.
摘要: 
This thesis adopts the perspective of cultural materialism to examine the operation of art in three of Kazuo Ishiguro's novels: An Artist of the Floating World, Never Let Me Go and Nocturnes. Characters in each novel have their own ways of valuing artworks; this thesis aims to prove that their uses of art follow a routine change from pure art to the social or political practice of art. This change of art comes from the influence of mechanical reproduction and social activity in the cultural field. Under these influences, artworks no longer reflect an artist's empathy but rather become a product of the cultural structure. This thesis will first use Oscar Wilde's views to deal with the definition of pure art and the duty of an artist, and then will seek to discover the change of mechanical reproduction in artworks through Walter Benjamin's concepts, and finally adopt Pierre Bourdieu's concepts to explore the operation of art in the cultural field.
The first chapters examine the meaning of art between clones and humans in Never Let Me Go and how they instrumentalize art for individual purposes through reproduction. The second chapter identifies Ono's position in floating trends in An Artist of the Floating World and discovers how art operates in the market and artists establish social relations. The third chapter probes the operation of art in Nocturnes to clarify the position of artists, agents and audience in the cultural field, and investigates the relation between people involved in art and the distinction of taste in audience. This thesis will aim to prove that in the consumerist and capitalist age, there is no pure art but only socially and politically constructed art in our society.

本論文採用文化資本主義之觀點來探究石黑一雄筆下之藝術運作,並以《浮世畫家》、《別讓我走》、《夜曲》為例。這三部作品裡的主要角色皆有他們審視藝術作品的方式,然而本論文證實他們操弄的方式皆有一定的規則變化:皆從純藝術美學轉變至具有社會與政治意圖之藝術作品。此藝術功能的改變來自於機械複製與文化場域中社會活動。在其雙重影響下,藝術作品已不是藝術家的情感抒發或移情作用,而是文化結構下的產物。
  首先,本論文將採用王爾德(Oscar Wilde)對純藝術的觀點來定義藝術本質與藝術家的責任,並以班雅明(Walter Benjamin)之理論探究機械複製下藝術作品的改變,最後則用布迪厄(Pierre Bourdieu)的概念來探索藝術在文化場域裡的運作模式。第一章將查驗《別讓我走》中複製人與人類對藝術的定義,並了解他們如何透過機械複製,使藝術工具化,來達成個人意圖;第二章先辨別《浮世畫家》裡,主角小野增二在浮世價值中的定位與走向,再探究藝術的市場運作,及藝術家如何與社會接軌;第三章將探討《夜曲》裡的藝術運作模式,點出其文化場域中,藝術家、觀眾及經紀人之市場定位與相互關係,並衍生出觀眾品味上的區隔。本論文將證實在消費者主義與資本主義的時代下,純藝術的觀念早已衰亡,取而代之的是,在社會與政治意圖建構下的藝術作品。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/88898
其他識別: U0005-2408201503274400
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2016-08-25起公開。
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