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標題: Ocean, Ethnicity, and Spatial Mobility: Reading Life of Pi as a 21st-Century Bildungsroman
海洋、族裔與空間的位移: 二十一世紀新興成長小說 <少年Pi的奇幻漂流>
作者: Yu-Sheng Hsiao
關鍵字: 成長小說;M‧M‧巴赫汀;雙重困境;青少年族裔;海洋;空間的位移;真實性;Bildungsroman;M.M. Bakhtin;double bind;ethnic youth;ocean;the spatial mobility;authenticity
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Yann Martel's Life of Pi, since publication, has been well received by the press and community as an amazing adventure tale, written with warmth and grace. Many critics examine the novel from the perspectives of religions, animals, or the last part of the story, the ethic issue. However, as the novel consists mainly of Pi's life before adulthood, this paper focus on the growth of Pi through his miserable and miraculous travel, demonstrating Life of Pi as a Twenty-first century Bildungsroman.
The paper comprises three parts. The first part starts with a brief historical overview of the Bildungsroman and then discusses M.M. Bakhtin's analysis on the genre and its connection to Pi. The second part foregrounds the traditional elements of the Bildungsroman and tries to explore and demonstrate the inheritances of the traditional Bildungsroman in Pi such as quest of the father (mentor), double bind, and the emergence of the new man. The last part aims to look into the new elements of Pi—ethnic youth, ocean and the spatial mobility as motifs of the twenty-first century Bildungsroman. In conclusion, except for the discussion of the hybridity of the novel, the paper tries to examine the different version of Pi's adventure in the end of the novel, and tackles the concept of the authenticity, which echoes one of motifs of twenty-first century Bildungsroman.

Key Words: Bildungsroman, M.M. Bakhtin, double bind, ethnic youth, ocean, the spatial mobility, authenticity



其他識別: U0005-2501201502524800
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