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標題: Subversiveness in Beatrix Potter's Picture Books: Mischievous Children, Rebellious Women, and Atypical Tales
作者: Hsin-Chun Huang
關鍵字: 碧雅翠絲‧波特;顛覆性;兒童;維多利亞女性;童話故事;童年研究;戰術;Beatrix Potter;subversiveness;children;Victorian women;fairy tales;childhood study;tactics
引用: Works Cited Abbott, Pamela, and Claire Wallace. An Introduction to Sociology: Feminist Perspectives. London: Routledge, 1990. Print. Anderson, Celia Catlett. 'The Ancient Lineage of Beatrix Potter's Mr. Tod.' Children''s Literature Association Quarterly 1980.1 (1980): 84-90. Project MUSE. Web. 10 July 2013. Barrie, J. M. Peter Pan. Signet Classic Ed. Afterword by Alison Lurie. New York, 1987. Print. Buchanan, Ian. Michel de Certeau: Cultural Theorist. London: Sage, 2000. Print. Carpenter, Humphrey. 'Beatrix Potter the Ironist in Arcadia.' Secret Gardens: A Study of the Golden Age of Children''s Literature. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1985. Print. ---. 'Excessively Impertinent Bunnies: the Subversive Element in Beatrix Potter.' Children and Their Books: A Collection of Essays to Celebrate the Work of Iona and Peter Opie. Ed. Gillian Avery and Julia Briggs. Oxford: Clarendon, 1990. Print. Carroll, Lewis. Alice''s Adventures in Wonderland: And, Through the Looking-glass and What Alice Found There. New York, NY: Bloomsbury, 2003. Print. Chandler, Katherine R. 'Thoroughly Post-Victorian, Pre-Modern Beatrix.' Children''s Literature Association Quarterly 32.4 (2007): 287-307. Project MUSE. Web. 28 June 2013. De Certeau, Michel. The Practice of Everyday Life. Trans. Steven F. Rendall. Berkeley, CA: University of California, 1984. Print. DeWilde, Mandy L. 'Victorian Restriction, Restraint, and Escape in Children's Tales of Beatrix Potter.' Diss. Grand Valley State UP, 2008. ProQuest. Web. 17 Oct. 2013 Doonan, Jane. Looking at Pictures in Picture Books. Stroud, England: Thimble, 1993. Print. Dickens, Charles. 'Frauds on the Fairies'. Household Words. Leipzig: Tauchnitz, 1853. Print. Freud, Sigmund. 'Civilization and its Discontents.' The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Trans. James Strachey, et al. Vol. 21. London: Hogarth, 1961. Print. 25 vols. Flanders, Judith. Inside the Victorian Home: A Portrait of Domestic Life in Victorian England. New York: W.W. Norton, 2004. Print. Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. Trans. Alan Sheridan. New York: Pantheon, 1977. Print. Geer, Jennifer. ''All Sorts of Pitfalls and Surprises': Competing Views of Idealized Girlhood in Lewis Carroll''s Alice Books.' Children''s Literature 31.1 (2003): 1-24. Project MUSE Web. 07 Mar. 2013 Golden, Catherine. 'Beatrix Potter: Naturalist Artist.' Woman's Art Journal 11.1 (1990): 16-20. JSTOR. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. Hallinan, Camilla. The Ultimate Peter Rabbit: A Visual Guide to the World of Beatrix Potter. New York: DK, 2002. Print. Harris, W.C. 'Undifferentiated Bunnies: Setting Psychic Boundaries in the Animal Stories of Beatrix Potter, Jack London, and Ernest Seton.' Victorian Review 23.1 (1997): 62-113. JSTOR. Web. 14 July 2014. Hamilton, Susan. 'Making History with Frances Power Cobbe: Victorian Feminism, Domestic Violence, and the Language of Imperialism.' Victorian Studies 43.3 (2001): 437-60. Project MUSE. Web. 27 Sept. 2014 Holland, Kathryn. 'Late Victorian and Modern Feminist Intertexts: The Strachey Women in A Room of One''s Own and Three Guineas.' Tulsa Studies in Women''s Literature 32.1 (2013): 75-98. Project MUSE. Web. 27 Sept. 2014 Into the Woods. Prod. Broadway. By Stephen Sondheim and James Lapine. Perf. Bernadette Peters, Tom Aldredge and Danielle Ferland, 1987 James, Allison, Chris Jenks, and Alan Prout. Theorizing Childhood. New York: Teachers College, 1998. Print. Kutzer, M. Daphne. Beatrix Potter: Writing in Code. New York: Routledge, 2003. Print. ---. 'A Wilderness Inside: Domestic Space in the Work of Beatrix Potter' The Lion and the Unicorn21.2 (1997): 204-214. Print. Lane, Margaret. The Tale of Beatrix Potter: A Biography. London: F. Warne, 1986. Print. Lear, Linda J. Beatrix Potter: A Life in Nature. New York: St. Martin''s, 2007. Print. Linder, Leslie, ed. The Journal of Beatrix Potter 1881-1897. London: Warne, 1966. Print. Lovell-Smith, Rose. 'Of Mice and Women: Beatrix Potter''s Bluebeard Story, Sister Anne.' Children''s Literature Association Quarterly 38.1 (2013): 4-25. Project MUSE. Web. 22 July 2013. MacDonald, Ruth K. 'Why This is Still 1893: The Tale of Peter Rabbit and Beatrix Potter''s Manipulations of Time into Timelessness.' Children''s Literature Association Quarterly (1986): 185-87 Print. Mackey, Margaret. The Case of Peter Rabbit: Changing Conditions of Literature for Children. New York: Garland Pub, 1998. Print. Merleau-Ponty, M. Phenomenology of Perception. Trans. Colin Smith. Paris, 1976. Print. Miss Potter. Dir. Chris Noonan. Prod. David Kirschner. By Richard Maltby. Perf. Renée Zellweger, 2006. Mok, Fan. 'Bachelor's Life, Idyllic Nostalgia, and Homoeroticism: Male Domesticity in Edwardian Children's Literature.' Diss. NTU, 2012. Print. Morgan, Robin. Sisterhood Is Global: The International Women''s Movement Anthology. Garden City, NY: Anchor/Doubleday, 1984. Google Book. Web. 27 Sept. 2014. Nelson, Claudia. Boys Will Be Girls: The Feminine Ethic and British Children''s Fiction, 1857-1917. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1991. Print. Nikola-Lisa, W. 'The Cult of Peter Rabbit: A Barthesian Analysis.' The Lion and the Unicorn 15.2 (1991): 61-66. Project MUSE. Web. 10 July 2013. Nodelman, Perry. Words about Pictures: The Narrative Art of Children''s Picture Books. Athens: University of Georgia, 1988. Print. --- and Mavis Reimer. The Pleasure of Children's Literature. 3rd ed. NY: Allyn and Bacon, 2003. Print. Postman, Neil. The Disappearance of Childhood. New York: Delacorte, 1982. Print. Potter, Beatrix. Appley Dapply's Nursery Rhymes. 1917. London: Frederick Warne, 2002. Print. ---. Beatrix Potter: A Journal. London: Warne, 2006. Print. ---. Sister Anne. Illus. Katharine Sturges. Philadelphia: David Mckay, 1932. ---. The Tale of Benjamin Bunny. 1904. London: Frederick Warne, 2002. Print. ---. The Tale of the Flopsy Bunnies. 1909. London: Frederick Warne, 2002. Print. ---. The Tale of Jemima Puddle-Duck. 1908. London: Frederick Warne, 2002. Print. ---. The Tale of Ginger and Pickles. 1909. London: Frederick Warne, 2002. Print. ---. The Tale of Mrs. Tittlemouse. 1910. London: Frederick Warne, 2002. Print. ---. The Tale of Mr. Tod. 1912. London: Frederick Warne, 2002. Print. ---. The Tale of Peter Rabbit. 1902. London: Frederick Warne, 2002. Print. ---. The Tale of Roly-Poly Pudding. 1908. London: Frederick Warne, 2002. Print. ---. The Tale of Two Bad Mice. 1904. London: Frederick Warne, 2002. Print. Rahn, Suzanne. 'Tailpiece: The Tale of Two Bad Mice.' Children''s Literature 12.1 (1984): 78-91. Project MUSE. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. Richards, Jill. 'Model Citizens and Millenarian Subjects: Vorticism, Suffrage, and London's Great Unrest.' Journal of Modern Literature 37.3 (2014): 1-17. Project MUSE. Web. 27 Sept. 2014. Rowling, J. K. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone. 1997. London: Bloomsbury, 2004. Print. Scheftel, Susan. 'The Child's Child: Theory of Mind in the Work of Beatrix Potter.' American Imago71.2 (2014): 161-172. Project MUSE. Web. 13 July 2014. Sibley, David. 'Families and Domestic Routines: Constructing the Boundaries of Childhood.' Pile, Steve, and N. J. Thrift ed. Mapping the Subject: Geographies of Cultural Transformation. London: Routledge, 1995. Print. Scott, Carole. 'Between Me and the World: Clothes as Mediator between Self and Society in the Work of Beatrix Potter' The Lion and the Unicorn16.2 (1992): 192-198. Project MUSE. Web. 28 June 2013. ---. 'Clothed in Nature or Nature Clothed: Dress as Metaphor in the Illustrations of Beatrix Potter and C. M. Barker' Children''s Literature 22 (1994): 70-89. Project MUSE. Web. 28 June 2013. Sicroff, Seth. 'Prickles Under the Frock.' Children''s Literature 2.1 (1973): 105-09. Web. 10 July 2013. Squire, Shelagh J. 'Gender and Tourist Experiences: Assessing Women's Shared Meanings for Beatrix Potter.' Leisure Studies 13.3 (1994): 195-209. Print. ---. 'Landscapes, Places and Geographic Spaces: Texts of Beatrix Potter as Cultural Communication.' GeoJournal 38.1 (1996): 75-86. SpringerLink. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. Tatar, Maria. The Classic Fairy Tales: Texts, Criticism. New York: W.W. Norton, 1999. Print. Taylor, Judy, Joyce Irene Whalley, Anne Stevenson Hobbs and Elizabeth M Battrick. Beatrix Potter 1866-1943: The Artist and Her World. London: F. Warne, 1987. Print. Taylor, Judy. Interview by Supreme Master TV. 'The Tale of Beatrix Potter, Beloved British Author and Illustrator' Model of Success. SupremeMasterTVcom. 4 May. 2011. < > 'The Tale of Mr. Tod.' Narr. Dianne Jackson. The World of Peter Rabbit and Friends. BBC. TVC, United Kingdom, 18 May. 1994. Television. Tosh, John. A Man's Place: Masculinity and the Middle-Class Home in Victorian England. New Haven: Yale UP, 1999. Print. Tutter, Adele. ''To Half Believe and Wholly Play': Dialectics of Reality in Beatrix Potter's The Tale of Two Bad Mice.' American Imago 71.2 (2014): 133-160. Project MUSE. Web. 13 July 2014. Wyness, Michael G. Childhood and Society: An Introduction to the Sociology of Childhood. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. Print. Yarbrough, Wynn William. 'Boys to Men: Performative Masculinity in English Anthropomorphic Children's Tales.' Diss. Louisiana UP, 2007 Print.
This thesis begins with my exploration of the subversiveness in Beatrix Potter's tales. Literature reviews show that most scholars previously tend to criticize Potter's works in the aspects of autobiography, feminism, and ecocriticism. Nevertheless, critics seldom focus on Potter's subversive characters, especially on spaces left out for the powerless to process a short moment of freedom. This thesis is going to analyze The Tale of Peter Rabbit, The Tale of Benjamin Bunny, The Tale of the Flopsy Bunnies, The Tale of Mr. Tod, The Tale of the Roly-Poly Pudding, The Tale of Two Bad Mice, and The Tale of Ginger and Pickles one by one, in which the mischievous children and rebellious women portrayed by Potter reveal the subversive elements under the atypical tales.
In introduction, I first sketch Potter's lifetime, then generalize the phases of the studies on her works, and finally briefly introduce the theory referred and the thesis structure. In Chapter 1, I concentrate the theme on the mischievous children in the domestic place. Applying James, Jenks, and Prout's childhood studies which reveal the imbalance of child-adult relationship, I start from The Tale of Peter Rabbit to discuss the measures the little characters take. In Chapter 2, I focus on the rebellious women and refer to de Certeau's idea on tactics which demonstrate how the comparatively powerless characters, Victorian women under the patriarchal society for example, seize the chance to subvert within the rule of power owner. In Chapter 3, I summarize the phenomenon above and try to interpret the atypical style of Potter's tales. Under the traditional frame of fairy tale, by slightly adjusting the imaginary elements, Potter seemingly intends to leave implicit messages to her readers. Generally speaking, through the research on the subversiveness in Potter's picture books, this thesis attempts to interpret the texts and provide for readers with different angles to read her tales of century-long popularity with their lasting charm.

序文首先簡介波特女士的生平,接著概述其作品在各階段的學術探討,最後介紹本文引用之理論概念及論文結構。第一章主題環繞處於居家空間中的頑皮兒童,藉由詹姆士、詹克斯及普勞特(James, Jenks, and Prout's)的童年研究,顯示成人-兒童間不均之權力關係,論文從《小兔彼得的故事》出發,探討小角色們的因應對策。第二章聚焦叛逆女性角色,並引用德‧塞托(de Certeau)的戰術觀點,呈現權力關係中的相對弱者,如維多利亞時代父權社會中的女性,如何在統治者既定的原則內,抓住反守為攻的機會。第三章試詮釋波特女士作品之非典型童話風格,作者如何在傳統的童話故事框架底下,利用微調幻想元素,向讀者隱晦地傳達顛覆傳統的訊息。總的來說,透過研究波特女士圖畫書中之顛覆性,本文欲分析作者在其繪本圖文中,可能蘊藏的弦外之音,並提供讀者以不同面向,閱讀這走過世紀仍歷久彌新的童話集。
其他識別: U0005-0202201517244300
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2016-02-04起公開。
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