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Signal Processing for Single- and Multi-Carrier CDMA Communication System: Joint Detection, Adaptive Turbo Equalization and Convergence Analysis
|關鍵字:||JD;聯合檢測器;OFDM-CDMA;MC-DS-CDMA;LMS;Adaptive Turbo Equalizer;正交分頻多工-碼分多址;多載波-直接序列-碼分多址;最小均平方;適應性渦輪等化器||出版社:||電機工程學系所||引用:|| S. Hara., R. Prasad., “Overview of multicarrier CDMA,”IEEE Communications Magazine, vol 35, p.p. 126-133, Dec. 1997.  S. Nahm and W. Sung, “Time-domain equalization for the orthogonal multi- carrier CDMA system,”IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, vol. 3, pp. 1583-1587, Nov. 1996.  A. Klein, G. K. Kaleh, and P. W. Baier, “Zero forcing and minimum mean- square-error equalization for multiuser detection in code-division multiple- access channels,”IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol 45, pp. 276- 287, May. 1996.  K. C. Hwang and K. B. Lee, “Performance Analysis of Low Processing Gain DS/CDMA Systems with Random Spreading Sequences,”IEEE Communica- tions Letter, VOL. 2, No. 12, pp. 315-317, Dec. 1998.  COST 207: Digital land mobile radio communications, …nal report, O￠ ce for O￠ cial Publication of the European Communication, Luxembourg, 1989.  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Orthogonal frequency divisionmultiplexing-code divisionmultiple access (OFDMCDMA) has arrested a lot of attention, owing to the simple implementation and powerful resistance to frequency-selective channels and the code division multiple access (CDMA) with the suitability for multiuser systems. The proposed OFDM-CDMA joint detector (JD) do not require Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) or Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) operations and can be used to compensate the channel distortion. Hence for hardware implementation, the proposed detectors are more efficient than the conventional methods. Three LMS algorithms based receiver architectures with adaptive equalizer and turbo decoder for MC-CDMA system are investigated in multipath channels. The performance of the proposed adaptive turbo equalizers is not only investigated in coherent MC-CDMA system, but also for non-coherent MCCDMA system with differential PSK (DPSK) in multi-path channels. The transient behaviors of symbol-rate adaptive receivers for DS-CDMA,MC-CDMA andMC-DSCDMA systems in dispersive multi-path environment are studied. The input signal vector is modeled as a simple stochastic model to simplify the analyses of convergence the least mean square (LMS) and normalized least mean square (NLMS) adaptive receivers. The receiver utilizes the derived optimal step-size sequence not only has faster convergent speed, but also smaller ensemble-averaged mean square error (MSE).
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