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標題: Constructing Bibliographic Relationships of Journal Collections Through FRBR Model
作者: 胡麗珠
Li-Chu Hu
關鍵字: 期刊;書目關係;FRBR;MARC21;Serials;Bibliographic relationships;FRBR;MARC21
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本研究主要目的在探討目錄中之期刊書目紀錄所呈現的書目關係,以及應如何著錄MARC 21欄位以呈現期刊的書目關係,最後分析FRBR模式應用於表達期刊書目關係之可行性。在研究方法上,採內容分析法。研究對象為國內六所大學圖書館之期刊書目紀錄。透過二階段的期刊書目紀錄取樣,以Excel軟體計算及人工逐筆分析欄位內容,進而分析期刊之書目關係,計算書目紀錄中,與每種書目關係相關的欄位及分欄的出現比率,以及各類型書目關係的發生頻率,之後再導入FRBR模式並以MARC 21作為書目的著錄格式,分析哪些欄位應予著錄,方能串連期刊的書目關係,建立期刊的書目家族,並且藉此達到階層組織的呈現,以作為國內各大學圖書館未來在組織管理期刊及系統廠商設計系統的參考。
研究結果顯示:(1)圖書館目錄中之期刊書目紀錄的確能呈現書目關係,分別為連續、等同、整體部分、附屬及衍生關係。整體研究樣本中,具一種書目關係以上的期刊樣本,佔60.22%。同時具備二種書目關係以上的期刊樣本,佔5.5%。而不具備任何一種書目關係的期刊樣本,則佔39.78%,亦即約有六成的期刊是至少具備一種書目關係,而有四成的期刊是不具備任何書目關係。在書目關係的呈現比率上,最高者為連續關係,佔58.79%,其次為等同關係,佔21.82%,第三為整體部分關係,佔4.09%,第四為附屬關係,佔3.79%,最少為衍生關係,佔2.58%。(2)透過MARC 21的欄位著錄,足以呈現期刊的五種書目關係,再者,目前對於期刊的著錄方式皆是以整份期刊作為作品進行描述,各種書目關係的連結,亦是以整份期刊為書目關係產生的依據。(3)以MARC 21為著錄格式,不僅能呈現期刊書目關係的欄位,亦能呈現FRBR第一組實體間之關係,就目前期刊著錄的現況,若自動化系統配合MARC 21欄位的著錄,仍舊是連結期刊書目關係及呈現的主要作法。
依據研究結果所提出的建議如下:(1)若要充份呈現期刊的書目關係,應更重視書目紀錄著錄的完整性;(2) 學術圖書館應重新思考書目控制並掌握最新趨勢與發展;(3)因應RDA的實施,圖書館應有階段性的規劃;(4) 大學圖書館應重視權威控制的重要性。

Serials play an important role for the creation of knowledge and transfer of information in the academic circle. However, the organization and management of journal holdings are still a thorny problem. The study intends to analyze the possible applicability of the FRBR model to the organization and management of serials from the perspective of the bibliographic relationships for serials.
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships between bibliographic records for serials shown on library catalog, and to present the bibliographic relationships for serials through MARC 21, and to discovery the possible applicability of the FRBR in represent of the bibliographic relationships for serials.Content analysis served as method of the study with manual inspection as the main approach assisted by Excel calculating. Six Taiwanese university libraries were used as the main research object.
The results of the study were that: (1) Bibliographic records for journal holdings in library catalogs are indeed able to exhibiting the bibliographic relationships that are sequential, equivalence, whole-part, accompanying, and derivative relationships. Among the whole study samples, there is one relationship account for about sixty percent, there are two relationships account for about five percent, and there is no relationships account for about four percent. The highest presentation rate of bibliographic relationships is sequential relationships, account for about sixty percent, the second is equivalence relationships, account for about twenty two percent, the third is whole-part relationships, account for about four percent, the fourth is accompanying relationships, account for about four percent, the fifth is derivative relationships, account for about three percent. (2) It's enough to present five kinds of bibliographic relationships through MARC 21. And now the practice of defining the serial work is a whole serial. (3) It represents not only the bibliographic relationships for serials but also the four FRBR Group 1 entities by using MARC 21 for the description.
其他識別: U0005-2801201514093600
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2015-01-29起公開。
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