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|標題:||Influence of different sugar diets on longevity and fecundity of adult parasitoid Snellenius manilae (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)
|關鍵字:||糖類;胺基酸;壽命;產卵量;馬尼拉小繭蜂;sugar;amino acid;longevity;fecundity;Snellenius manilae||引用:||丁柔心。2011。利用馬尼拉小繭蜂防治斜紋夜蛾之生物學研究。碩士論文，國立中興大學。 邱瑞珍、周樑鎰。1976。斜紋夜盜蟲(Spodoptera litura (Fabricius))之寄生蜂。台灣農業試驗所試驗報告七六七號。227-241頁。 陳文雄、張煥英。2009。植物保護圖鑑系列19。行政院農委會農業試驗所。36-39頁。 陳文雄、陳昇寬、張煥英。2003。蔬菜害蟲的管理。植物保護管理永續發展研討會專刊。植物保護學會特刊新五號: 305-322頁。 馮海東。2011。農藥作用機制分類檢索。行政院農業委員會農藥物毒物試驗所，臺中。 費雯綺、王喻其。2004。植物保護手冊。行政院農委會農藥毒物試驗所。214-217頁。 費雯綺、王喻其。2007。植物保護手冊。行政院農委會農藥毒物試驗所。果樹篇。201-297頁。 蔡偉皇、江明耀。2009。斜紋夜蛾監測與共同防治。豐年半月刊59: 45-47頁。 Azzouz H, Giordanengo P, Wäckers FL, Kaiser L. 2004. Effects of feeding frequency and sugar concentration on behavior and longevity of the adult aphid parasitoid: Aphidius ervi (Haliday) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Biological Control 31: 445-452. Bernardello G, Galetto L, Forcone A. 1999. Floral nectar chemical composition of some species from Patagonia. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 27: 779-790. Chalcoff VR, Aizen MA, Galetto L. 2006. 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In general, parasitoid adults obtain energies and nutrients through fed nectar or pollen in order to survive or promote the mature of oocytes. As to the mass rearing and its agricultural applications of these parasitoid wasps, the longevity and fecundity of biological control agents are the key factors to influence the control efficiency. Therefore, this study was designed to verify that the longevity and fecundity of Snellenius manilae (Ashmead) are determinted by feeding parasitoid wasps on diets made by various sugars (glucose, maltose, sucrose or commercial sugar) and two amino acids (cysteine or lycine). As a result, all the sugar solutions prolonged the lifespan of S. manilae compared with the wasps fed on water. Furthermore, S. manilae had the longest length of life when fed by sucrose and commercial sugar solutions. When cysteine or lycine was added into the commercial sugar solution, the fecundities and longevities of S. manila had no significant difference among three treatments. However, the oviposition period of female wasps fed on the sugar solution containing cysteine was more concentrated. In addition, the lifetime of the mated female without oviposition was longer than the lifetime of mated male and mated female with oviposition. According to the current experimental results, it is obvious that different food resources have definitely influenced the lifespan of S. manila, and the sucrose or commercial sugar solutions should be the better choices to extend the S. manila's lifespan.
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