Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89074
標題: Influence of different sugar diets on longevity and fecundity of adult parasitoid Snellenius manilae (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)
不同糖類及胺基酸對於馬尼拉小繭蜂成蟲壽命及產卵量之影響
作者: 鄭祥
Sean Cheng
關鍵字: 糖類;胺基酸;壽命;產卵量;馬尼拉小繭蜂;sugar;amino acid;longevity;fecundity;Snellenius manilae
引用: 丁柔心。2011。利用馬尼拉小繭蜂防治斜紋夜蛾之生物學研究。碩士論文,國立中興大學。 邱瑞珍、周樑鎰。1976。斜紋夜盜蟲(Spodoptera litura (Fabricius))之寄生蜂。台灣農業試驗所試驗報告七六七號。227-241頁。 陳文雄、張煥英。2009。植物保護圖鑑系列19。行政院農委會農業試驗所。36-39頁。 陳文雄、陳昇寬、張煥英。2003。蔬菜害蟲的管理。植物保護管理永續發展研討會專刊。植物保護學會特刊新五號: 305-322頁。 馮海東。2011。農藥作用機制分類檢索。行政院農業委員會農藥物毒物試驗所,臺中。 費雯綺、王喻其。2004。植物保護手冊。行政院農委會農藥毒物試驗所。214-217頁。 費雯綺、王喻其。2007。植物保護手冊。行政院農委會農藥毒物試驗所。果樹篇。201-297頁。 蔡偉皇、江明耀。2009。斜紋夜蛾監測與共同防治。豐年半月刊59: 45-47頁。 Azzouz H, Giordanengo P, Wäckers FL, Kaiser L. 2004. Effects of feeding frequency and sugar concentration on behavior and longevity of the adult aphid parasitoid: Aphidius ervi (Haliday) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Biological Control 31: 445-452. Bernardello G, Galetto L, Forcone A. 1999. Floral nectar chemical composition of some species from Patagonia. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 27: 779-790. Chalcoff VR, Aizen MA, Galetto L. 2006. Nectar concentration and composition of 26 species from the temperate forest of South America. Annals of Botany 97: 413-421. Carbone SS, Nieto MP, Rivera AC. 2008. Egg resorption behaviour by the solitary egg parasitoid Anaphes nitens under natural conditions. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 127: 191-198. Casas J, Driessen G, Mandon N, Wielaard S, Desouhant E, Van Alphen J, Lapchin L, Rivero A, Christides JP, Bernstein C. 2003. Energy dynamics in a parasitoid foraging in the wild. Journal of Animal Ecology 72: 691-697. Ferreira C, Torres BB, Terra WR. 1998. Substrate specificities of midgut β-glycosidases from insects of different orders. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 119: 219-225. Gross P. 1993. Insect behavioral and morphological defenses against parasitoids. Annual Review of Entomology 38: 251-273. Harvey JA, Poelman EH, Tanaka T. 2013. Intrinsic inter- and intraspecific competition in parasitoid wasps. Annual Review of Entomology 58: 333-351. Heimpel GE, Rosenheim JA, Kattari D. 1997. Adult feeding and lifetime reproductive success in the parasitoid Aphytis melinus. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 83: 305-315. Hu JS, Gelman DB, Bell RA. 2001. In vitro rearing of Edovum puttleri, an egg parasitoid of the Colorado potato beetle, from egg to pupal stage in artificial diets devoid of insect sources: Effects of dietary amino acid and carbohydrate levels. BioControl 46: 43-60. Jervis MA., Kidd NAC. 1996. Phytophagy. In Insect Natural Enemies 375-394. Jervis MA, Ellers J, Harvey JA. 2008. Resource acquisition, allocation, and utilization in parasitoid reproductive strategies. Annual Review of Entomology 53: 361-385. Jervis MA, Heimpel GE, Ferns PN, Harvey JA, Kidd NAC. 2001. Life-history strategies in parasitoid wasps: a comparative analysis of 'ovigeny'. Journal of Animal Ecology 70: 442-458. Jervis MA, Kidd NAC, Fitton MG, Huddleston T, Dawah HA. 1993. Flower-visiting by hymenopteran parasitoids. Journal of Natural History 27: 67-105. Kevan PG, Baker HG. 1983. Insects as flower visitors and pollinators. Annual review of entomology, 28: 407-453. Lightle D, Ambrosino M, Lee JC. 2010. Sugar in moderation: sugar diets affect short-term parasitoid behavior. Physiological Entomology 39: 179-185. Lu ZX, Zhu PY, Gurr GM, Zheng XS, Read DM, Heong KL, Yang YJ, Xu HX. 2014. Mechanisms for flowering plants to benefit arthropod natural enemies of insect pests: prospects for enhanced use in agriculture. Insect Science 21: 1-12. Makatiani JK, Le HK, Olson DM, Wäckers FL, Takasu K. 2014. An acquired distaste: sugar discrimination by the larval parasitoid Microplitis croceipes (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is affected by prior sugar exposure. The Journal of Experimental Biology 217: 1692-1700. Mochida O, Okada T. 1974. A bibliography of Spodoptera spp. (Lep. : Noctuidae). Kyūshū National Agricultural Experiment Station 49: 1-110. Perret M. Chautems A, Spichiger R, Peixoto M, Savolainen V. 2001. Nectar sugar composition in relation to pollination syndromes in Sinningieae (Gesneriaceae). Annals of Botany 87: 267-273. Rivero-Lynch AP, Godfray HCJ. 1997. The dynamics of egg production, oviposition and resorption in a parasitoid wasp. Functional Ecology 11: 184-188. Rosenheim JA, Heimpel GE, Mangel M. 2000. Egg maturation, egg resorption and the costliness of transient egg limitation in insects. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 267: 1565-1573. Siekmann G, Tenhumberg B, Keller MA. 2001. Feeding and survival in parasitic wasps: sugar concentration and timing matter. Oikos 95: 425–430. Sun JS, Huang SS. 2010. Evaluation of potential control ability of Snellenius manilae (Ashmead) against Spodoptera exigua (Hubner). Acta Ecologica Sinica 30: 1494-1499. In Chinese. Wäckers FL. 2001. A comparison of nectar- and honeydew sugars with respect to their utilization by the hymenopteran parasitoid Cotesia glomerata. Journal of Insect Physiology 47: 1077-1084. Wäckers FL. 2004. Assessing the suitability of flowering herbs as parasitoid food sources: flower attractiveness and nectar accessibility. Biological Control 29: 307-314. Wäckers FL, Romeis J, van Rijn P. 2007. Nectar and pollen feeding by insect herbivores and implications for multitrophic interactions. Annual Review of Entomology 52: 301-323. Wang W, Liu WX, Cheng LS, Wan FH. 2012. Effects of feeding different sugars on longevity and oogenesis in female adults of the synovigenic parasitoid Diglyphus isaea (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica 55: 964- 970. In Chinese. Wang JH, Qiu LF, Che SC, Yu GY, Shao JL, Zhong L.2015. The effects of floral resource plants on natural enemy insects and implications for biological control. Chinese Journal of Applied Entomology 52: 289-299. In Chinese. Winkler K, Wäckers FL, Stingli A, Van Lenteren JC. 2005. Plutella xylostella (diamondback moth) and its parasitoid Diadegma semiclausum show different gustatory and longevity responses to a range of nectar and honeydew sugars. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 115: 187-192. Wolff D. 2006. Nectar sugar composition and volumes of 47 species of Gentianales from a southern Ecuadorian montane forest. Annals of Botany 97: 767-777. Zhang YB, Liu WX, Wang W, Wan FH, Li Q. 2011. Lifetime gains and patterns of accumulation and mobilization of nutrients in females of the synovigenic parasitoid, Diglyphus isaea Walker (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), as a function of diet. Journal of insect physiology 57: 1045-1052.
摘要: 
In general, parasitoid adults obtain energies and nutrients through fed nectar or pollen in order to survive or promote the mature of oocytes. As to the mass rearing and its agricultural applications of these parasitoid wasps, the longevity and fecundity of biological control agents are the key factors to influence the control efficiency. Therefore, this study was designed to verify that the longevity and fecundity of Snellenius manilae (Ashmead) are determinted by feeding parasitoid wasps on diets made by various sugars (glucose, maltose, sucrose or commercial sugar) and two amino acids (cysteine or lycine). As a result, all the sugar solutions prolonged the lifespan of S. manilae compared with the wasps fed on water. Furthermore, S. manilae had the longest length of life when fed by sucrose and commercial sugar solutions. When cysteine or lycine was added into the commercial sugar solution, the fecundities and longevities of S. manila had no significant difference among three treatments. However, the oviposition period of female wasps fed on the sugar solution containing cysteine was more concentrated. In addition, the lifetime of the mated female without oviposition was longer than the lifetime of mated male and mated female with oviposition. According to the current experimental results, it is obvious that different food resources have definitely influenced the lifespan of S. manila, and the sucrose or commercial sugar solutions should be the better choices to extend the S. manila's lifespan.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89074
其他識別: U0005-1308201510271100
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2016-08-14起公開。
Appears in Collections:昆蟲學系

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat Existing users please Login
nchu-104-7102036003-1.pdf1.12 MBAdobe PDFThis file is only available in the university internal network    Request a copy
Show full item record
 

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.